Psalm 109:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For he did not remember to show kindness, but pursued the poor and needy and the brokenhearted, to put them to death.

King James Bible
Because that he remembered not to shew mercy, but persecuted the poor and needy man, that he might even slay the broken in heart.

American Standard Version
Because he remembered not to show kindness, But persecuted the poor and needy man, And the broken in heart, to slay them .

Douay-Rheims Bible
because he remembered not to show mercy,

English Revised Version
Because that he remembered not to shew mercy, but persecuted the poor and needy man, and the broken in heart, to slay them.

Webster's Bible Translation
Because that he remembered not to show mercy, but persecuted the poor and needy man, that he might even slay the broken in heart.

Psalm 109:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The writer now turns to one among the many, and in the angry zealous fervour of despised love calls down God's judgment upon him. To call down a higher power, more particularly for punishment, upon any one is expressed by על (הפקיד) פּקד, Jeremiah 15:3; Leviticus 26:16. The tormentor of innocence shall find a superior executor who will bring him before the tribunal (which is expressed in Latin by legis actio per manus injectionem). The judgment scene in Psalm 109:6, Psalm 109:7 shows that this is what is intended in Psalm 109:6: At the right hand is the place of the accuser, who in this instance will not rest before the damnatus es has been pronounced. He is called שׂטן, which is not to be understood here after 1 Samuel 29:4; 2 Samuel 19:22, but after Zechariah 3:1; 1 Chronicles 21:1, if not directly of Satan, still of a superhuman (cf. Numbers 22:22) being which opposes him, by appearing before God as his κατήγωρ; for according to Psalm 109:7 the שׂטן is to be thought of as accuser, and according to Psalm 109:7 God as Judge. רשׁע has the sense of reus, and יצא refers to the publication of the sentence. Psalm 109:7 wishes that his prayer, viz., that by which he would wish to avert the divine sentence of condemnation, may become לחטאה, not: a missing of the mark, i.e., ineffectual (Thenius), but, according to the usual signification of the word: a sin, viz., because it proceeds from despair, not from true penitence. In Psalm 109:8 the incorrigible one is wished an untimely death (מעטּים as in one other instance, only, Ecclesiastes 5:1) and the loss of his office. The lxx renders: τὴν ἐπισκοπὴν αὐτοῦ λάβοι ἕτερος. פּקדּה really signifies the office of overseer, oversight, office, and the one individual must have held a prominent position among the enemies of the psalmist. Having died off from this position before his time, he shall leave behind him a family deeply reduced in circumstances, whose former dwelling - place-he was therefore wealthy - becomes "ruins." His children wander up and down far from these ruins (מן as e.g., in Judges 5:11; Job 28:4) and beg (דּרשׁ, like προσαιτεῖν ἐπαιτεῖν, Sir. 40:28 equals לחם בּקּשׁ, Psalm 37:25). Instead of ודרשׁוּ the reading ודרשׁוּ is also found. A Poel is now and then formed from the strong verbs also,

(Note: In connection with the strong verb it frequently represents the Piel which does not occur, as with דּרשׁ, לשׁן, שׁפט, or even represents the Piel which, as in the case of שׁרשׁ, is already made use of in another signification (Piel, to root out; Poel, to take root).)

in the inflexion of which the Cholem is sometimes shortened to Kametz chatuph; vid., the forms of לשׁן, to slander, in Psalm 101:5, תּאר, to sketch, mark out in outline, Isaiah 44:13, cf. also Job 20:26 (תּאכלהוּ) and Isaiah 62:9 (according to the reading מאספיו). To read the Kametz in these instances as ā, and to regard these forms as resolved Piels, is, in connection with the absence of the Metheg, contrary to the meaning of the pointing; on purpose to guard against this way of reading it, correct codices have ודרשׁוּ (cf. Psalm 69:19), which Baer has adopted.

Psalm 109:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he remembered

2 Samuel 17:1,2 Moreover Ahithophel said to Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night...

Matthew 5:7 Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.

Matthew 18:33-35 Should not you also have had compassion on your fellow servant, even as I had pity on you...

James 2:13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that has showed no mercy; and mercy rejoices against judgment.

persecuted

Psalm 10:2,14 The wicked in his pride does persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have imagined...

Genesis 42:21 And they said one to another, We are truly guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he sought us...

Job 19:2,3,21,22 How long will you vex my soul, and break me in pieces with words...

Matthew 27:35-46 And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet...

slay

Psalm 34:18 The LORD is near to them that are of a broken heart; and saves such as be of a contrite spirit.

Psalm 69:20-29 Reproach has broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters...

2 Samuel 16:11,12 And David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, which came forth of my bowels, seeks my life...

Mark 14:34-36 And said to them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful to death: tarry you here, and watch...

Cross References
Psalm 34:18
The LORD is near to the brokenhearted and saves the crushed in spirit.

Psalm 35:10
All my bones shall say, "O LORD, who is like you, delivering the poor from him who is too strong for him, the poor and needy from him who robs him?"

Psalm 37:14
The wicked draw the sword and bend their bows to bring down the poor and needy, to slay those whose way is upright;

Psalm 37:32
The wicked watches for the righteous and seeks to put him to death.

Psalm 94:6
They kill the widow and the sojourner, and murder the fatherless;

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