Psalm 106:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They forgot God, their Savior, who had done great things in Egypt,

King James Bible
They forgat God their saviour, which had done great things in Egypt;

American Standard Version
They forgat God their Saviour, Who had done great things in Egypt,

Douay-Rheims Bible
They forgot God, who saved them, who had done great things in Egypt,

English Revised Version
They forgat God their saviour, which had done great things in Egypt;

Webster's Bible Translation
They forgot God their savior, who had done great things in Egypt;

Psalm 106:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The first of the principal sins on the other side of the Red Sea was the unthankful, impatient, unbelieving murmuring about their meat and drink, Psalm 106:13-15. For what Psalm 106:13 places foremost was the root of the whole evil, that, falling away from faith in God's promise, they forgot the works of God which had been wrought in confirmation of it, and did not wait for the carrying out of His counsel. The poet has before his eye the murmuring for water on the third day after the miraculous deliverance (Exodus 15:22-24) and in Rephidim (Exodus 17:2). Then the murmuring for flesh in the first and second years of the exodus which was followed by the sending of the quails (Exodus 16 and Numbers 11), together with the wrathful judgment by which the murmuring for the second time was punished (Kibrôth ha-Ta'avah, Numbers 11:33-35). This dispensation of wrath the poet calls רזון (lxx, Vulgate, and Syriac erroneously πλησμονήν, perhaps מזון, nourishment), inasmuch as he interprets Numbers 11:33-35 of a wasting disease, which swept away the people in consequence of eating inordinately of the flesh, and in the expression (cf. Psalm 78:31) he closely follows Isaiah 10:16. The "counsel" of God for which they would not wait, is His plan with respect to the time and manner of the help. חכּה, root Arab. ḥk, a weaker power of Arab. ḥq, whence also Arab. ḥkl, p. 111, ḥkm, p. 49 note 1, signifies prop. to make firm, e.g., a knot (cf. on Psalm 33:20), and starting from this (without the intervention of the metaphor moras nectere, as Schultens thinks) is transferred to a firm bent of mind, and the tension of long expectation. The epigrammatic expression ויּתאוּוּ תאוה (plural of ויתאו, Isaiah 45:12, for which codices, as also in Proverbs 23:3, Proverbs 23:6; Proverbs 24:1, the Complutensian, Venetian 1521, Elias Levita, and Baer have ויתאו without the tonic lengthening) is taken from Numbers 11:4.

The second principal sin was the insurrection against their superiors, Psalm 106:16-18. The poet has Numbers 16:1 in his eye. The rebellious ones were swallowed up by the earth, and their two hundred and fifty noble, non-Levite partisans consumed by fire. The fact that the poet does not mention Korah among those who were swallowed up is in perfect harmony with Numbers 16:25., Deuteronomy 11:6; cf. however Numbers 26:10. The elliptical תפתּה in Psalm 106:17 is explained from Numbers 16:32; Numbers 26:10.

The third principal sin was the worship of the calf, Psalm 106:19-23. The poet here glances back at Exodus 32, but not without at the same time having Deuteronomy 9:8-12 in his mind; for the expression "in Horeb" is Deuteronomic, e.g., Deuteronomy 4:15; Deuteronomy 5:2, and frequently. Psalm 106:20 is also based upon the Book of Deuteronomy: they exchanged their glory, i.e., the God who was their distinction before all peoples according to Deuteronomy 4:6-8; Deuteronomy 10:21 (cf. also Jeremiah 2:11), for the likeness (תּבנית) of a plough-ox (for this is pre-eminently called שׁוּר, in the dialects תּור), contrary to the prohibition in Deuteronomy 4:17. On Psalm 106:21 cf. the warning in Deuteronomy 6:12. "Land of Cham" equals Egypt, as in Psalm 78:51; Psalm 105:23, Psalm 105:27. With ויאמר in Psalm 106:23 the expression becomes again Deuteronomic: Deuteronomy 9:25, cf. Exodus 32:10. God made and also expressed the resolve to destroy Israel. Then Moses stepped into the gap (before the gap), i.e., as it were covered the breach, inasmuch as he placed himself in it and exposed his own life; cf. on the fact, besides Exodus 32, also Deuteronomy 9:18., Psalm 10:10, and on the expression, Ezekiel 22:30 and also Jeremiah 18:20.

Psalm 106:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

forgat

Psalm 106:13 They soon forgot his works; they waited not for his counsel:

Psalm 78:11,12,42-51 And forgot his works, and his wonders that he had showed them...

Deuteronomy 32:17,18 They sacrificed to devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not, to new gods that came newly up, whom your fathers feared not...

Jeremiah 2:32 Can a maid forget her ornaments, or a bride her attire? yet my people have forgotten me days without number.

God

Isaiah 12:2 Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song...

Isaiah 45:21 Tell you, and bring them near; yes, let them take counsel together: who has declared this from ancient time?...

Isaiah 63:8 For he said, Surely they are my people, children that will not lie: so he was their Savior.

Hosea 1:7 But I will have mercy on the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword...

Luke 1:47 And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.

Titus 1:3 But has in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed to me according to the commandment of God our Savior;

Titus 2:10 Not purloining, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things.

Titus 3:4-6 But after that the kindness and love of God our Savior toward man appeared...

which

Psalm 74:13,14 You did divide the sea by your strength: you brake the heads of the dragons in the waters...

Psalm 135:9 Who sent tokens and wonders into the middle of you, O Egypt, on Pharaoh, and on all his servants.

Deuteronomy 4:34 Or has God assayed to go and take him a nation from the middle of another nation, by temptations, by signs, and by wonders, and by war...

Deuteronomy 6:22 And the LORD showed signs and wonders, great and sore, on Egypt, on Pharaoh, and on all his household, before our eyes:

Deuteronomy 7:18,19 You shall not be afraid of them: but shall well remember what the LORD your God did to Pharaoh, and to all Egypt...

Nehemiah 9:10,11 And showed signs and wonders on Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 8:14
then your heart be lifted up, and you forget the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery,

Deuteronomy 10:21
He is your praise. He is your God, who has done for you these great and terrifying things that your eyes have seen.

Deuteronomy 32:18
You were unmindful of the Rock that bore you, and you forgot the God who gave you birth.

Psalm 78:11
They forgot his works and the wonders that he had shown them.

Psalm 106:7
Our fathers, when they were in Egypt, did not consider your wondrous works; they did not remember the abundance of your steadfast love, but rebelled by the sea, at the Red Sea.

Psalm 106:13
But they soon forgot his works; they did not wait for his counsel.

Jeremiah 2:32
Can a virgin forget her ornaments, or a bride her attire? Yet my people have forgotten me days without number.

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