Psalm 104:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
From your lofty abode you water the mountains; the earth is satisfied with the fruit of your work.

King James Bible
He watereth the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works.

American Standard Version
He watereth the mountains from his chambers: The earth is filled with the fruit of thy works.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou waterest the hills from thy upper rooms: the earth shall be filled with the fruit of thy works:

English Revised Version
He watereth the mountains from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works.

Webster's Bible Translation
He watereth the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works.

Psalm 104:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In a second decastich the poet speaks of the restraining of the lower waters and the establishing of the land standing out of the water. The suffix, referring back to ארץ, is intended to say that the earth hanging free in space (Job 26:7) has its internal supports. Its eternal stability is preserved even amidst the judgment predicted in Isaiah 24:16., since it comes forth out of it, unremoved from its former station, as a transformed, glorified earth. The deep (תּהום) with which God covers it is that primordial mass of water in which it lay first of all as it were in embryo, for it came into being ἐξ ὕδατος καὶ δι ̓ ὕδατος (2 Peter 3:5). כּסּיתו does not refer to תהום (masc. as in Job 28:14), because then עליה would be required, but to ארץ, and the masculine is to be explained either by attraction) according to the model of 1 Samuel 2:4), or by a reversion to the masculine ground-form as the discourse proceeds (cf. the same thing with עיר 2 Samuel 17:13, צעקה Exodus 11:6, יד Ezekiel 2:9). According to Psalm 104:6, the earth thus overflowed with water was already mountainous; the primal formation of the mountains is therefore just as old as the תהום mentioned in direct succession to the תהו ובהו. After this, Psalm 104:7 describe the subduing of the primordial waters by raising up the dry land and the confining of these waters in basins surrounded by banks. Terrified by the despotic command of God, they started asunder, and mountains rose aloft, the dry land with its heights and its low grounds appeared. The rendering that the waters, thrown into wild excitement, rose up the mountains and descended again (Hengstenberg), does not harmonize with the fact that they are represented in Psalm 104:6 as standing above the mountains. Accordingly, too, it is not to be interpreted after Psalm 107:26 : they (the waters) rose mountain-high, they sunk down like valleys. The reference of the description to the coming forth of the dry land on the third day of creation requires that הרים should be taken as subject to יעלוּ. But then, too, the בקעות are the subject to ירדוּ, as Hilary of Poictiers renders it in his Genesis, 5:97, etc.: subsidunt valles, and not the waters as subsiding into the valleys. Hupfeld is correct; Psalm 104:8 is a parenthesis which affirms that, inasmuch as the waters retreating laid the solid land bare, mountains and valleys as such came forth visibly; cf. Ovid, Metam. i.:344: Flumina subsidunt, montes exire videntur.

Psalm 104:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

watereth

Psalm 147:8 Who covers the heaven with clouds, who prepares rain for the earth, who makes grass to grow on the mountains.

Deuteronomy 11:11 But the land, where you go to possess it, is a land of hills and valleys, and drinks water of the rain of heaven:

Job 38:25-28,37 Who has divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder...

Jeremiah 10:13 When he utters his voice, there is a multitude of waters in the heavens, and he causes the vapors to ascend from the ends of the earth...

Jeremiah 14:22 Are there any among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? are not you he, O LORD our God?...

Matthew 5:45 That you may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he makes his sun to rise on the evil and on the good...

Acts 14:17 Nevertheless he left not himself without witness, in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons...

his chambers

Psalm 104:3 Who lays the beams of his chambers in the waters: who makes the clouds his chariot: who walks on the wings of the wind:

Amos 9:6 It is he that builds his stories in the heaven, and has founded his troop in the earth; he that calls for the waters of the sea...

the earth

Psalm 65:9-13 You visit the earth, and water it: you greatly enrich it with the river of God, which is full of water: you prepare them corn...

Cross References
Job 38:27
to satisfy the waste and desolate land, and to make the ground sprout with grass?

Psalm 65:9
You visit the earth and water it; you greatly enrich it; the river of God is full of water; you provide their grain, for so you have prepared it.

Psalm 104:11
they give drink to every beast of the field; the wild donkeys quench their thirst.

Psalm 147:8
He covers the heavens with clouds; he prepares rain for the earth; he makes grass grow on the hills.

Isaiah 30:23
And he will give rain for the seed with which you sow the ground, and bread, the produce of the ground, which will be rich and plenteous. In that day your livestock will graze in large pastures,

Jeremiah 10:13
When he utters his voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens, and he makes the mist rise from the ends of the earth. He makes lightning for the rain, and he brings forth the wind from his storehouses.

Amos 9:6
who builds his upper chambers in the heavens and founds his vault upon the earth; who calls for the waters of the sea and pours them out upon the surface of the earth-- the LORD is his name.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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