Psalm 103:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He made known his ways to Moses, his acts to the people of Israel.

King James Bible
He made known his ways unto Moses, his acts unto the children of Israel.

American Standard Version
He made known his ways unto Moses, His doings unto the children of Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He hath made his ways known to Moses: his wills to the children of Israel.

English Revised Version
He made known his ways unto Moses, his doings unto the children of Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
He made known his ways to Moses, his acts to the children of Israel.

Psalm 103:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In the strophe Psalm 103:1 the poet calls upon his soul to arise to praiseful gratitude for God's justifying, redeeming, and renewing grace. In such soliloquies it is the Ego that speaks, gathering itself up with the spirit, the stronger, more manly part of man (Psychology, S. 104f.; tr. p. 126), or even, because the soul as the spiritual medium of the spirit and of the body represents the whole person of man (Psychology, S. 203; tr. p. 240), the Ego rendering objective in the soul the whole of its own personality. So here in Psalm 103:3 the soul, which is addressed, represents the whole man. The קובים which occurs here is a more choice expression for מעים (מעים): the heart, which is called קרב κατ ̓ ἐξοχήν, the reins, the liver, etc.; for according to the scriptural conception (Psychology, S. 266; tr. p. 313) these organs of the cavities of the breast and abdomen serve not merely for the bodily life, but also the psycho-spiritual life. The summoning בּרכי is repeated per anaphoram. There is nothing the soul of man is so prone to forget as to render thanks that are due, and more especially thanks that are due to God. It therefore needs to be expressly aroused in order that it may not leave the blessing with which God blesses it unacknowledged, and may not forget all His acts performed (גּמל equals גּמר) on it (גּמוּל, ῥῆμα μέσον, e.g., in Psalm 137:8), which are purely deeds of loving-kindness), which is the primal condition and the foundation of all the others, viz., sin-pardoning mercy. The verbs סלח and רפא with a dative of the object denote the bestowment of that which is expressed by the verbal notion. תּחלוּאים (taken from Deuteronomy 29:21, cf. 1 Chronicles 21:19, from חלא equals חלה, root הל, solutum, laxum esse) are not merely bodily diseases, but all kinds of inward and outward sufferings. משּׁחת the lxx renders ἐκ φθορᾶς (from שׁחת, as in Job 17:14); but in this antithesis to life it is more natural to render the "pit" (from שׁוּח) as a name of Hades, as in Psalm 16:10. Just as the soul owes its deliverance from guilt and distress and death to God, so also does it owe to God that with which it is endowed out of the riches of divine love. The verb עטּר, without any such addition as in Psalm 5:13, is "to crown," cf. Psalm 8:6. As is usually the case, it is construed with a double accusative; the crown is as it were woven out of loving-kindness and compassion. The Beth of בּטּוב in Psalm 103:5 instead of the accusative (Psalm 104:28) denotes the means of satisfaction, which is at the same time that which satisfies. עדיך the Targum renders: dies senectutis tuae, whereas in Psalm 32:9 it is ornatus ejus; the Peshto renders: corpus tuum, and in Psalm 32:9 inversely, juventus eorum. These significations, "old age" or "youth," are pure inventions. And since the words are addressed to the soul, עדי cannot also, like כבוד in other instances, be a name of the soul itself (Aben-Ezra, Mendelssohn, Philippsohn, Hengstenberg, and others). We, therefore, with Hitzig, fall back upon the sense of the word in Psalm 32:9, where the lxx renders τάς σιαγόνας αὐτῶν, but here more freely, apparently starting from the primary notion of עדי equals Arabic chadd, the cheek: τὸν ἐμπιπλῶντα ἐν ἀγαθοῖς τὴν ἐπιθυμίαν σου (whereas Saadia's victum tuum is based upon a comparison of the Arabic gdâ, to nourish). The poet tells the soul (i.e., his own person, himself) that God satisfies it with good, so that it as it were gets its cheeks full of it (cf. Psalm 81:11). The comparison כּנּשׁר is, as in Micah 1:16 (cf. Isaiah 40:31), to be referred to the annual moulting of the eagle. Its renewing of its plumage is an emblem of the renovation of his youth by grace. The predicate to נעוּריכי (plural of extension in relation to time) stands first regularly in the sing. fem.

Psalm 103:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he made

Psalm 77:20 You led your people like a flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron.

Psalm 105:26 He sent Moses his servant; and Aaron whom he had chosen.

Exodus 19:8,20 And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD has spoken we will do...

Exodus 20:21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.

Exodus 24:2-4 And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come near; neither shall the people go up with him...

Numbers 12:7 My servant Moses is not so, who is faithful in all my house.

Deuteronomy 34:10 And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like to Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face,

Nehemiah 9:14 And made known to them your holy sabbath, and commanded them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses your servant:

Isaiah 63:11,12 Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, and his people, saying...

John 5:45-47 Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is one that accuses you, even Moses, in whom you trust...

Acts 7:35 This Moses whom they refused, saying, Who made you a ruler and a judge?...

his acts

Psalm 78:5 For he established a testimony in Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers...

Psalm 147:19 He shows his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel.

Cross References
Exodus 33:13
Now therefore, if I have found favor in your sight, please show me now your ways, that I may know you in order to find favor in your sight. Consider too that this nation is your people."

Psalm 78:11
They forgot his works and the wonders that he had shown them.

Psalm 99:7
In the pillar of the cloud he spoke to them; they kept his testimonies and the statute that he gave them.

Psalm 106:22
wondrous works in the land of Ham, and awesome deeds by the Red Sea.

Psalm 147:19
He declares his word to Jacob, his statutes and rules to Israel.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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