Proverbs 25:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Take away the dross from the silver, and the smith has material for a vessel;

King James Bible
Take away the dross from the silver, and there shall come forth a vessel for the finer.

American Standard Version
Take away the dross from the silver, And there cometh forth a vessel for the refiner:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Take away the rust from silver, and there shall come forth a most pure vessel:

English Revised Version
Take away the dross from the silver, and there cometh forth a vessel for the finer:

Webster's Bible Translation
Take away the dross from the silver, and there shall come forth a vessel for the finer.

Proverbs 25:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

A Mashal ode of the slothful, in the form of a record of experiences, concludes this second supplement (vid., vol. i. p. 17):

30 The field of a slothful man I came past,

     And the vineyard of a man devoid of understanding.

31 And, lo! it was wholly filled up with thorns;

     Its face was covered with nettles;

     And its wall of stones was broken down.

32 But I looked and directed my attention to it;

     I saw it, and took instruction from it:

33 "A little sleep, a little slumber,

     A little folding of the hands to rest.

34 Then cometh thy poverty apace,

     And thy want as an armed man."

The line 29b with לאישׁ is followed by one with אישׁ. The form of the narrative in which this warning against drowsy slothfulness is clothed, is like Psalm 37:35. The distinguishing of different classes of men by אישׁ and אדם (cf. Proverbs 24:20) is common in proverbial poetry. עברתּי, at the close of the first parallel member, retains its Pathach unchanged. The description: and, lo! (הנּהו, with Pazer, after Thorath Emeth, p. 34, Anm. 2) it was... refers to the vineyard, for נדר אבניו (its stone wall, like Isaiah 2:20, "its idols of silver") is, like Numbers 22:24; Isaiah 5:5, the fencing in of the vineyard. עלה כלּו, totus excreverat (in carduos), refers to this as subject, cf. in Ausonius: apex vitibus assurgit; the Heb. construction is as Isaiah 5:6; Isaiah 34:13; Gesen. 133, 1, Anm. 2. The sing. קמּשׁון of קמּשׁונים does not occur; perhaps it means properly the weed which one tears up to cast it aside, for (Arab.) kumâsh is matter dug out of the ground.

(Note: This is particularly the name of what lies round about on the ground in the Bedouin tents, and which one takes up from thence (from ḳamesh, cogn. קבץ קמץ, ramasser, cf. the journal המגיד, 1871, p. 287b); in modern Arab., linen and matter of all kinds; vid., Bocthor, under linge and toffe.)

continued...

Proverbs 25:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 17:3 The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD tries the hearts.

Isaiah 1:25-27 And I will turn my hand on you, and purely purge away your dross, and take away all your tin...

Malachi 3:3 And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver...

2 Timothy 2:20,21 But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honor...

1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perishes, though it be tried with fire...

Cross References
Proverbs 25:3
As the heavens for height, and the earth for depth, so the heart of kings is unsearchable.

Proverbs 26:23
Like the glaze covering an earthen vessel are fervent lips with an evil heart.

Ezekiel 22:18
"Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to me; all of them are bronze and tin and iron and lead in the furnace; they are dross of silver.

Malachi 3:2
But who can endure the day of his coming, and who can stand when he appears? For he is like a refiner's fire and like fullers' soap.

Malachi 3:3
He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver, and he will purify the sons of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, and they will bring offerings in righteousness to the LORD.

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