Judges 1:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the house of Joseph scouted out Bethel. (Now the name of the city was formerly Luz.)

King James Bible
And the house of Joseph sent to descry Bethel. (Now the name of the city before was Luz.)

American Standard Version
And the house of Joseph sent to spy out Beth-el. (Now the name of the city beforetime was Luz.)

Douay-Rheims Bible
For when they were besieging the city, which before was called Luza,

English Revised Version
And the house of Joseph sent to spy out Beth-el. (Now the name of the city beforetime was Luz.)

Webster's Bible Translation
And the house of Joseph sent to explore Beth-el. Now the name of the city before was Luz.

Judges 1:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Remaining Conquests of the Combined Tribes of Judah and Simeon. - Judges 1:17.

Zephath was in the territory of Simeon. This is evident not only from the fact that Hormah (Zephath) had been allotted to the tribe of Simeon (compare Joshua 19:4 with Joshua 15:30), but also from the words, "Judah went with Simeon his brother," which point back to Judges 1:3, and express the thought that Judah went with Simeon into his territory to drive out the Canaanites who were still to be found there. Going southwards from Debir, Judah and Simeon smote the Canaanites at Zephath on the southern boundary of Canaan, and executed the ban upon this town, from which it received the name of Hormah, i.e., banning. The town has been preserved in the ruins of Septa, on the south of Khalasa or Elusa (see at Joshua 12:14). In the passage mentioned, the king of Hormah or Zephath is named among the kings who were slain by Joshua. It does not follow from this, however, that Joshua must necessarily have conquered his capital Zephath; the king of Jerusalem was also smitten by Joshua and slain, without Jerusalem itself being taken at that time. But even if Zephath were taken by the Israelites, as soon as the Israelitish army had withdrawn, the Canaanites there might have taken possession of the town again; so that, like many other Canaanitish towns, it had to be conquered again after Joshua's death (see the commentary on Numbers 21:2-3). There is not much probability in this conjecture, however, for the simple reason that the ban pronounced by Moses upon the country of the king of Arad (Numbers 21:2) was carried out now for the first time by Judah and Simeon upon the town of Zephath, which formed a part of it. If Joshua had conquered it, he would certainly have executed the ban upon it. The name Hormah, which was already given to Zephath in Joshua 15:30 and Joshua 19:4, is no proof to the contrary, since it may be used proleptically there. In any case, the infliction of the ban upon this town can only be explained from the fact that Moses had pronounced the ban upon all the towns of the king of Arad.

Judges 1:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sent

Judges 18:2 And the children of Dan sent of their family five men from their coasts, men of valor, from Zorah, and from Eshtaol...

Joshua 2:1 And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, Go view the land, even Jericho. And they went...

Joshua 7:2 And Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is beside Bethaven, on the east of Bethel, and spoke to them, saying...

Luz

Genesis 28:19 And he called the name of that place Bethel: but the name of that city was called Luz at the first.

Genesis 35:6 So Jacob came to Luz, which is in the land of Canaan, that is, Bethel, he and all the people that were with him.

Genesis 48:3 And Jacob said to Joseph, God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me,

Cross References
Genesis 28:19
He called the name of that place Bethel, but the name of the city was Luz at the first.

Joshua 18:13
From there the boundary passes along southward in the direction of Luz, to the shoulder of Luz (that is, Bethel), then the boundary goes down to Ataroth-addar, on the mountain that lies south of Lower Beth-horon.

Judges 1:22
The house of Joseph also went up against Bethel, and the LORD was with them.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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