Jonah 4:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Therefore now, O LORD, please take my life from me, for it is better for me to die than to live.”

King James Bible
Therefore now, O LORD, take, I beseech thee, my life from me; for it is better for me to die than to live.

American Standard Version
Therefore now, O Jehovah, take, I beseech thee, my life from me; for it is better for me to die than to live.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And now, O Lord, I beseech thee take my life from me: for it is better for me to die than to live.

English Revised Version
Therefore now, O LORD, take, I beseech thee, my life from me; for it is better for me to die than to live.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore now, O LORD, take, I beseech thee, my life from me; for it is better for me to die than to live.

Jonah 4:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Therefore thus will I do to thee, O Israel; because I will do this to thee, prepare to meet thy God, O Israel. Amos 4:13. For, behold, He that formeth the mountains, and createth the wind, and maketh known to man what is his thought; who maketh dawn, darkness, and goeth over the high places of the earth, Jehovah God of hosts is His name." The punishment which God is now about to inflict is introduced with lâkhēn (therefore). כּה אעשׁה cannot point back to the punishment threatened in Amos 4:2, Amos 4:3, and still less to the chastisements mentioned in Amos 4:6-11; for lâkhēn kōh is always used by Amos to introduce what is about to ensue, and any retrospective allusion to Amos 4:6-11 is precluded by the future אעשׂה. What Jehovah is now about to do is not expressed here more iratorum, but may clearly be discerned from what follows. "When He has said, 'This will I do to thee,' He is silent as to what He will do, in order that, whilst Israel is left in uncertainty as to the particular kind of punishment (which is all the more terrible because all kinds of things are imagined), it may repent of its sins, and so avert the things which God threatens here" (Jerome). Instead of an announcement of the punishment, there follows in the words, "Because I will do this to thee (זאת pointing back to כּה), prepare to meet thy God," a summons to hold themselves in readiness liqra'th 'ĕlōhı̄m (in occursum Dei), i.e., to stand before God thy judge. The meaning of this summons has been correctly explained by Calvin thus: "When thou seest that thou hast resorted in vain to all kinds of subterfuges, since thou never wilt be able to escape from the hand of thy judge; see now at length that thou dost avert this last destruction which is hanging over thee." But this can only be effected "by true renewal of heart, in which men are dissatisfied with themselves, and submit with changed heart to God, and come as suppliants, praying for forgiveness." For if we judge ourselves, we shall not be judged by the Lord (1 Corinthians 11:31). This view is shown to be the correct one, by the repeated admonitions to seek the Lord and live (Amos 5:4, Amos 5:6; cf. Amos 5:14). To give all the greater emphasis to this command, Amos depicts God in Amos 4:13 as the Almighty and Omniscient, who creates prosperity and adversity. The predicates applied to God are to be regarded as explanations of אלהיך, prepare to meet thy God; for it is He who formeth mountains, etc., i.e., the Almighty, and also He who maketh known to man מה־שּׂחו, what man thinketh, not what God thinketh, since שׂח equals שׂיח is not applicable to God, and is only used ironically of Baal in 1 Kings 18:27. The thought is this: God is the searcher of the heart (Jeremiah 17:10; Psalm 139:2), and reveals to men by prophets the state of their heart, since He judges not only the outward actions, but the inmost emotions of the heart (cf. Hebrews 4:12). עשׂה שׁחר עיפה might mean, He turns morning dawn into darkness, since עשׂה may be construed with the accusative of that into which anything is made (compare Exodus 30:25, and the similar thought in Amos 5:8, that God darkens the day into night). But both of these arguments simply prove the possibility of this explanation, not that it is either necessary or correct. As a rule, where עשׂה occurs, the thing into which anything is made is introduced with ל (cf. Genesis 12:2; Exodus 32:10). Here, therefore, ל may be omitted, simply to avoid ambiguity. For these reasons we agree with Calvin and others, who take the words as asyndeton. God makes morning-dawn and darkness, which is more suitable to a description of the creative omnipotence of God; and the omission of the Vav may be explained very simply from the oratorical character of the prophecy. To this there is appended the last statement: He passes along over the high places of the earth, i.e., He rules the earth with unlimited omnipotence (see at Deuteronomy 32:13), and manifests Himself thereby as the God of the universe, or God of hosts.

Jonah 4:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

take.

Numbers 11:15 And if you deal thus with me, kill me, I pray you, out of hand, if I have found favor in your sight...

Numbers 20:3 And the people strived with Moses, and spoke, saying, Would God that we had died when our brothers died before the LORD!

1 Kings 19:4 But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree...

Job 3:20,21 Why is light given to him that is in misery, and life to the bitter in soul...

Job 6:8,9 Oh that I might have my request; and that God would grant me the thing that I long for!...

Jeremiah 20:14-18 Cursed be the day wherein I was born: let not the day wherein my mother bore me be blessed...

Philippians 1:21-25 For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain...

for.

Jonah 4:8 And it came to pass, when the sun did arise, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat on the head of Jonah...

Job 7:15,16 So that my soul chooses strangling, and death rather than my life...

Ecclesiastes 7:1 A good name is better than precious ointment; and the day of death than the day of one's birth.

1 Corinthians 9:15 But I have used none of these things: neither have I written these things, that it should be so done to me...

Cross References
1 Kings 19:4
But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness and came and sat down under a broom tree. And he asked that he might die, saying, "It is enough; now, O LORD, take away my life, for I am no better than my fathers."

Job 6:8
"Oh that I might have my request, and that God would fulfill my hope,

Job 6:9
that it would please God to crush me, that he would let loose his hand and cut me off!

Job 7:15
so that I would choose strangling and death rather than my bones.

Job 7:16
I loathe my life; I would not live forever. Leave me alone, for my days are a breath.

Ecclesiastes 7:1
A good name is better than precious ointment, and the day of death than the day of birth.

Jeremiah 8:3
Death shall be preferred to life by all the remnant that remains of this evil family in all the places where I have driven them, declares the LORD of hosts.

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