John 18:28
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the governor’s headquarters. It was early morning. They themselves did not enter the governor’s headquarters, so that they would not be defiled, but could eat the Passover.

King James Bible
Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.

American Standard Version
They lead Jesus therefore from Caiaphas into the Praetorium: and it was early; and they themselves entered not into the Praetorium, that they might not be defiled, but might eat the passover.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then they led Jesus from Caiphas to the governor's hall. And it was morning; and they went not into the hall, that they might not be defiled, but that they might eat the pasch.

English Revised Version
They lead Jesus therefore from Caiaphas into the palace: and it was early; and they themselves entered not into the palace, that they might not be defiled, but might eat the passover.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment-hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.

Weymouth New Testament
So they brought Jesus from Caiaphas's house to the Praetorium. It was the early morning, and they would not enter the Praetorium themselves for fear of defilement, and in order that they might be able to eat the Passover.

John 18:28 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Led (ἄγουσιν)

Present tense, lead.

Hall of judgment (πραιτώριον)

A Latin word, proetorium, transcribed. Originally, the general's tent. In the Roman provinces it was the name for the official residence of the Roman governor, as here. Compare Acts 23:35. It came to be applied to any spacious villa or palace. So Juvenal: "To their crimes they are indebted for their gardens, palaces (proetoria), etc." ("Sat.," i., 75). In Rome the term was applied to the proetorian guard, or imperial bodyguard. See on Philippians 1:13. Rev., palace.

Early (πρωΐ́)

Used technically of the fourth watch, 3-6 a.m. See Mark 13:35. The Sanhedrim could not hold a legal meeting, especially in capital cases, before sunrise; and in such cases judicial proceedings must be conducted and terminated by day. A condemnation to death, at night, was technically illegal. In capital cases, sentence of condemnation could not be legally pronounced on the day of trial. If the night proceedings were merely preliminary to a formal trial, they would have no validity; if formal, they were, ipso facto, illegal. In either case was the law observed in reference to the second council. According to the Hebrew computation of time, it was held on the same day.

Be defiled (μιανθῶσιν)

Originally, to stain, as with color. So Homer: "Tinges (μιήνῃ) the white ivory with purple." Not necessarily, therefore, in a bad sense, like μολύσω, to besmear or besmirch with filth (1 Corinthians 8:7; Revelation 3:4). In classical Greek, μιαίνω, the verb here used, is the standing word for profaning or unhallowing. So Sophocles:

"Not even fearing this pollution (μίασμα) dire,

Will I consent to burial. Well Iknow

That man is powerless to pollute (μιαίνειν) the gods."

"Antigone," 1042-1044.

And Plato: "And if a homicide... without purification pollutes the agora, or the games, or the temples," etc. ("Laws," 868). See on 1 Peter 1:4. The defilement in the present case was apprehended from entering a house from which all leaven had not been removed.

continued...

John 18:28 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

led.

Matthew 27:1,2 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death...

*etc:

Mark 15:1 And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus...

*etc:

Luke 23:1 And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him to Pilate.

*etc:

Acts 3:13 The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, has glorified his Son Jesus; whom you delivered up...

unto.

John 18:33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said to him, Are you the King of the Jews?

John 19:9 And went again into the judgment hall, and said to Jesus, From where are you? But Jesus gave him no answer.

Matthew 27:27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered to him the whole band of soldiers.

Mark 15:16 And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they call together the whole band.

*Gr:

hall of judgment. or, Pilate's house. early.

Proverbs 1:16 For their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood.

Proverbs 4:16 For they sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause some to fall.

Micah 2:1 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when the morning is light, they practice it...

Luke 22:66 And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council...

and they.

Psalm 35:16 With hypocritical mockers in feasts, they gnashed on me with their teeth.

Isaiah 1:10-15 Hear the word of the LORD, you rulers of Sodom; give ear to the law of our God, you people of Gomorrah...

Jeremiah 7:8-11 Behold, you trust in lying words, that cannot profit...

Amos 5:21-23 I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies...

Micah 3:10-12 They build up Zion with blood, and Jerusalem with iniquity...

Matthew 23:23-28 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin...

Matthew 27:6 And the chief priests took the silver pieces, and said, It is not lawful for to put them into the treasury...

Acts 10:28 And he said to them, You know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company...

Acts 11:3 Saying, You went in to men uncircumcised, and did eat with them.

eat.

John 18:39 But you have a custom, that I should release to you one at the passover: will you therefore that I release to you the King of the Jews?

John 19:14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he said to the Jews, Behold your King!

Deuteronomy 16:2 You shall therefore sacrifice the passover to the LORD your God, of the flock and the herd...

2 Chronicles 30:21-24 And the children of Israel that were present at Jerusalem kept the feast of unleavened bread seven days with great gladness...

2 Chronicles 35:8-14,17,18 And his princes gave willingly to the people, to the priests, and to the Levites: Hilkiah and Zechariah and Jehiel...

Ezekiel 45:21 In the first month, in the fourteenth day of the month, you shall have the passover, a feast of seven days...

Cross References
Matthew 27:1
When morning came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death.

Matthew 27:2
And they bound him and led him away and delivered him over to Pilate the governor.

Matthew 27:27
Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the governor's headquarters, and they gathered the whole battalion before him.

Mark 15:1
And as soon as it was morning, the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council. And they bound Jesus and led him away and delivered him over to Pilate.

Luke 22:66
When day came, the assembly of the elders of the people gathered together, both chief priests and scribes. And they led him away to their council, and they said,

Luke 23:1
Then the whole company of them arose and brought him before Pilate.

John 11:55
Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and many went up from the country to Jerusalem before the Passover to purify themselves.

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