Job 41:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The folds of his flesh stick together, firmly cast on him and immovable.

King James Bible
The flakes of his flesh are joined together: they are firm in themselves; they cannot be moved.

American Standard Version
The flakes of his flesh are joined together: They are firm upon him; they cannot be moved.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The members of his flesh cleave one to another : he shall send lightnings against him, and they shall not be carried to another place.

English Revised Version
The flakes of his flesh are joined together: they are firm upon him; they cannot be moved.

Webster's Bible Translation
The flakes of his flesh are joined together: they are firm in themselves; they cannot be moved.

Job 41:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

15 A pride are the furrows of the shields,

Shut by a rigid seal.

16 One joineth on to the other,

And no air entereth between them.

17 One upon another they are arranged,

They hold fast together, inseparably.

Since the writer uses אפיק both in the signif. robustus, Job 12:12, and canalis, Job 40:18, it is doubtful whether it must be explained robusta (robora) scutorum (as e.g., Ges.), or canales scutorum (Hirz., Schlottm., and others). We now prefer the latter, but so that "furrows of the shields" signifies the square shields themselves bounded by these channels; for only thus is the סגוּר, which refers to these shields, considered, each one for itself, suitably attached to what precedes. חותם צר is an acc. of closer definition belonging to it: closed is (each single one) by a firmly attached, and therefore firmly closed, seal. lxx remarkably ὥσπερ σμυρίτης λίθος, i.e., (emery (vid., Krause's Pyrogeteles, 1859, S. 228). Six rows of knotty scales and four scales of the neck cover the upper part of the animal's body, in themselves firm, and attached to one another in almost impenetrable layers, as is described in Job 41:7 in constantly-varying forms of expression (where יגּשׁוּ with Pathach beside Athnach is the correct reading), - a גּאוה, i.e., an equipment of which the animal may be proud. Umbr. takes גאוה, with Bochart, equals גּוה, the back; but although in the language much is possible, yet not everything.

Job 41:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

flakes. Heb. fallings. are joined

Job 41:17 They are joined one to another, they stick together, that they cannot be sundered.

Cross References
Job 41:22
In his neck abides strength, and terror dances before him.

Job 41:24
His heart is hard as a stone, hard as the lower millstone.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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