Job 38:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Who determined its measurements—surely you know! Or who stretched the line upon it?

King James Bible
Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it?

American Standard Version
Who determined the measures thereof, if thou knowest? Or who stretched the line upon it?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it?

English Revised Version
Who determined the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who stretched the line upon it?

Webster's Bible Translation
Who hath laid the measures of it, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it?

Job 38:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

21 Although one seeth now the sunlight

That is bright in the ethereal heights:

A wind passeth by and cleareth them up.

22 Gold is brought from the north, -

Above Eloah is terrible majesty.

23 The Almighty, whom we cannot find out,

The excellent in strength,

And right and justice He perverteth not.

24 Therefore men regard Him with reverence,

He hath no regard for all the wise of heart.

He who censures God's actions, and murmurs against God, injures himself - how, on the contrary, would a patiently submissive waiting on Him be rewarded! This is the connection of thought, by which this final strophe is attached to what precedes. If we have drawn the correct conclusion from Job 37:1, that Elihu's description of a storm is accompanied by a storm which was coming over the sky, ועתּה, with which the speech, as Job 35:15, draws towards the close, is not to be understood as purely conclusive, but temporal: And at present one does not see the light (אור of the sun, as Job 31:26) which is bright in the ethereal heights (בּהיר again a Hebr.-Arab. word, comp. bâhir, outshining, surpassing, especially of the moon, when it dazzles with its brightness); yet it only requires a breath of wind to pass over it, and to clear it, i.e., brings the ethereal sky with the sunlight to view. Elihu hereby means to say that the God who his hidden only for a time, respecting whom one runs the risk of being in perplexity, can suddenly unveil Himself, to our surprise and confusion, and that therefore it becomes us to bow humbly and quietly to His present mysterious visitation. With respect to the removal of the clouds from the beclouded sun, to which Job 37:21 refers, זהב, Job 37:22, seems to signify the gold of the sun; esh-shemsu bi-tibrin, the sun is gold, says Abulola. Oriental and Classic literature furnishes a large number of instances in support of this calling the sunshine gold; and it should not perplex us here, where we have an Arabizing Hebrew poet before us, that not a single passage can be brought forward from the Old Testament literature. But מצּפון is against this figurative rendering of the זהב (lxx νέφη χρυσαυγοῦντα). In Ezekiel 1:4 there is good reason for the storm-clouds, which unfold from their midst the glory of the heavenly Judge, who rideth upon the cherubim, coming from the north; but wherefore should Elihu represent the sun's golden light as breaking through from the north? On the other hand, in the conception of the ancients, the north is the proper region for gold: there griffins (grupe's) guard the gold-pits of the Arimaspian mountains (Herod. iii. 116); there, from the narrow pass of the Caucasus along the Gordyaean mountains, gold is dug by barbarous races (Pliny, h. n. vi. 11), and among the Scythians it is brought to light by the ants (ib. xxxiii. 4). Egypt could indeed provide itself with gold from Ethiopia, and the Phoenicians brought the gold of Ophir, already mentioned in the book of Job, from India; but the north was regarded as the fabulously most productive chief mine of gold; to speak more definitely: Northern Asia, with the Altai mountains.

(Note: Vid., the art. Gold, S. 91, 101, in Ersch and Gruber. The Indian traditions concerning Uttaraguru (the "High Mountain"), and concerning the northern seat of the god on wealth Kuvra, have no connection here; on their origin comp. Lassen, Indische Alterthumskunde, i.848.)

Thus therefore Job 28:1, Job 28:6 is to be compared here.

continued...

Job 38:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

laid

Job 11:9 The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea.

Job 28:25 To make the weight for the winds; and he weighs the waters by measure.

Proverbs 8:27 When he prepared the heavens, I was there: when he set a compass on the face of the depth:

Isaiah 40:12,22 Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span...

who hath stretched

Psalm 19:4 Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them has he set a tabernacle for the sun,

Psalm 78:55 He cast out the heathen also before them, and divided them an inheritance by line...

Isaiah 34:11 But the cormorant and the bittern shall possess it; the owl also and the raven shall dwell in it...

Zechariah 2:1,2 I lifted up my eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a measuring line in his hand...

2 Corinthians 10:16 To preach the gospel in the regions beyond you, and not to boast in another man's line of things made ready to our hand.

Cross References
Job 34:13
Who gave him charge over the earth, and who laid on him the whole world?

Proverbs 8:29
when he assigned to the sea its limit, so that the waters might not transgress his command, when he marked out the foundations of the earth,

Isaiah 40:12
Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand and marked off the heavens with a span, enclosed the dust of the earth in a measure and weighed the mountains in scales and the hills in a balance?

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