Job 38:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell me, if you have understanding.

King James Bible
Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.

American Standard Version
Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? Declare, if thou hast understanding.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Where wast thou when I laid up the foundations of the earth ? tell me if thou hast understanding.

English Revised Version
Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.

Webster's Bible Translation
Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.

Job 38:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

21 Although one seeth now the sunlight

That is bright in the ethereal heights:

A wind passeth by and cleareth them up.

22 Gold is brought from the north, -

Above Eloah is terrible majesty.

23 The Almighty, whom we cannot find out,

The excellent in strength,

And right and justice He perverteth not.

24 Therefore men regard Him with reverence,

He hath no regard for all the wise of heart.

He who censures God's actions, and murmurs against God, injures himself - how, on the contrary, would a patiently submissive waiting on Him be rewarded! This is the connection of thought, by which this final strophe is attached to what precedes. If we have drawn the correct conclusion from Job 37:1, that Elihu's description of a storm is accompanied by a storm which was coming over the sky, ועתּה, with which the speech, as Job 35:15, draws towards the close, is not to be understood as purely conclusive, but temporal: And at present one does not see the light (אור of the sun, as Job 31:26) which is bright in the ethereal heights (בּהיר again a Hebr.-Arab. word, comp. bâhir, outshining, surpassing, especially of the moon, when it dazzles with its brightness); yet it only requires a breath of wind to pass over it, and to clear it, i.e., brings the ethereal sky with the sunlight to view. Elihu hereby means to say that the God who his hidden only for a time, respecting whom one runs the risk of being in perplexity, can suddenly unveil Himself, to our surprise and confusion, and that therefore it becomes us to bow humbly and quietly to His present mysterious visitation. With respect to the removal of the clouds from the beclouded sun, to which Job 37:21 refers, זהב, Job 37:22, seems to signify the gold of the sun; esh-shemsu bi-tibrin, the sun is gold, says Abulola. Oriental and Classic literature furnishes a large number of instances in support of this calling the sunshine gold; and it should not perplex us here, where we have an Arabizing Hebrew poet before us, that not a single passage can be brought forward from the Old Testament literature. But מצּפון is against this figurative rendering of the זהב (lxx νέφη χρυσαυγοῦντα). In Ezekiel 1:4 there is good reason for the storm-clouds, which unfold from their midst the glory of the heavenly Judge, who rideth upon the cherubim, coming from the north; but wherefore should Elihu represent the sun's golden light as breaking through from the north? On the other hand, in the conception of the ancients, the north is the proper region for gold: there griffins (grupe's) guard the gold-pits of the Arimaspian mountains (Herod. iii. 116); there, from the narrow pass of the Caucasus along the Gordyaean mountains, gold is dug by barbarous races (Pliny, h. n. vi. 11), and among the Scythians it is brought to light by the ants (ib. xxxiii. 4). Egypt could indeed provide itself with gold from Ethiopia, and the Phoenicians brought the gold of Ophir, already mentioned in the book of Job, from India; but the north was regarded as the fabulously most productive chief mine of gold; to speak more definitely: Northern Asia, with the Altai mountains.

(Note: Vid., the art. Gold, S. 91, 101, in Ersch and Gruber. The Indian traditions concerning Uttaraguru (the "High Mountain"), and concerning the northern seat of the god on wealth Kuvra, have no connection here; on their origin comp. Lassen, Indische Alterthumskunde, i.848.)

Thus therefore Job 28:1, Job 28:6 is to be compared here.

continued...

Job 38:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Where

Proverbs 8:22,29,30 The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old...

Proverbs 30:4 Who has ascended up into heaven, or descended? who has gathered the wind in his fists? who has bound the waters in a garment?...

I

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

Psalm 102:25 Of old have you laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of your hands.

Psalm 104:5 Who laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed for ever.

Hebrews 1:2,10 Has in these last days spoken to us by his Son, whom he has appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds...

hast. Heb. knowest

Cross References
Genesis 1:1
In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.

Genesis 2:4
These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens.

1 Samuel 2:8
He raises up the poor from the dust; he lifts the needy from the ash heap to make them sit with princes and inherit a seat of honor. For the pillars of the earth are the LORD's, and on them he has set the world.

Job 15:7
"Are you the first man who was born? Or were you brought forth before the hills?

Job 34:13
Who gave him charge over the earth, and who laid on him the whole world?

Psalm 104:5
He set the earth on its foundations, so that it should never be moved.

Proverbs 8:29
when he assigned to the sea its limit, so that the waters might not transgress his command, when he marked out the foundations of the earth,

Jump to Previous
Base Declare Earth Earth's Foundation Foundations Founded Laid Understand Understanding Wast
Jump to Next
Base Declare Earth Earth's Foundation Foundations Founded Laid Understand Understanding Wast
Links
Job 38:4 NIV
Job 38:4 NLT
Job 38:4 ESV
Job 38:4 NASB
Job 38:4 KJV

Job 38:4 Bible Apps
Job 38:4 Biblia Paralela
Job 38:4 Chinese Bible
Job 38:4 French Bible
Job 38:4 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Job 38:3
Top of Page
Top of Page