Job 38:36
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Who has put wisdom in the inward parts or given understanding to the mind?

King James Bible
Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given understanding to the heart?

American Standard Version
Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? Or who hath given understanding to the mind?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who hath put wisdom in the heart of man? or who gave the cock understanding?

English Revised Version
Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given understanding to the mind?

Webster's Bible Translation
Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given understanding to the heart?

Job 38:36 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

28 Hath the rain a father,

Or who begetteth the drops of dew?

29 Out of whose womb cometh the ice forth,

And who bringeth forth the hoar-frost of heaven?

30 The waters become hard like stone,

And the face of the deep is rolled together.

Rain and dew have no created father, ice and hoar-frost no created mother. The parallelism in both instances shows that מי הוליד asks after the one who begets, and מי ילדו the one who bears (vid., Hupfeld on Psalm 2:7). בּטן is uterus, and meton. (at least in Arabic) progenies uteri; ex utero cujus is מבטן מי, in distinction from מאי־זה בטן, ex quo utero. אגלי־טל is excellently translated by the lxx, Codd. Vat. and Sin., βώλους (with Omega) δρόσου; Ges. and Schlottm. correct to βόλους, but βῶλος signifies not merely a clod, but also a lump and a ball. It is the particles of the dew holding together (lxx, Cod. Alex.: συνοχὰς καὶ βω. δρ.) in a globular form, from אגל, which does not belong to גּלל, but to Arab. 'jil, retinere, II colligere (whence agı̂l, standing water, ma'‛gal, a pool, pond); אגלי is constr., like עגלי from עגל. The waters "hide themselves," by vanishing as fluid, therefore: freeze. The surface of the deep (lxx ἀσεβοῦς, for which Zwingli has in marg. ἀβύσσου) "takes hold of itself," or presses together (comp. Arab. lekda, crowding, synon. hugûm, a striking against) by forming itself into a firm solid mass (continuum, Job 41:9, comp. Job 37:10). Moreover, the questions all refer not merely to the analysis of the visible origin of the phenomena, but to their final causes.

Job 38:36 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Who hath put

Job 32:8 But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty gives them understanding.

Psalm 51:6 Behold, you desire truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part you shall make me to know wisdom.

Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD gives wisdom: out of his mouth comes knowledge and understanding.

Ecclesiastes 2:26 For God gives to a man that is good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he gives travail...

James 1:5,17 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that gives to all men liberally, and upbraides not; and it shall be given him...

who hath given

Exodus 31:3 And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,

Exodus 36:1,2 Then worked Bezaleel and Aholiab, and every wise hearted man...

Isaiah 28:26 For his God does instruct him to discretion, and does teach him.

Cross References
Job 9:4
He is wise in heart and mighty in strength--who has hardened himself against him, and succeeded?--

Job 12:13
"With God are wisdom and might; he has counsel and understanding.

Job 32:8
But it is the spirit in man, the breath of the Almighty, that makes him understand.

Psalm 51:6
Behold, you delight in truth in the inward being, and you teach me wisdom in the secret heart.

Ecclesiastes 2:26
For to the one who pleases him God has given wisdom and knowledge and joy, but to the sinner he has given the business of gathering and collecting, only to give to one who pleases God. This also is vanity and a striving after wind.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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