Job 37:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The Almighty—we cannot find him; he is great in power; justice and abundant righteousness he will not violate.

King James Bible
Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out: he is excellent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice: he will not afflict.

American Standard Version
Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out He is excellent in power; And in justice and plenteous righteousness he will not afflict.

Douay-Rheims Bible
We cannot find him worthily : he is great in strength, and in judgment, and in justice, and he is ineffable.

English Revised Version
Touching the Almighty, we can not find him out; he is excellent in power: and in judgment and plenteous justice he will not afflict.

Webster's Bible Translation
Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out: he is excellent in power, and in judgment, and in abundance of justice: he will not afflict.

Job 37:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

17 Thou whose garments became hot,

When the land is sultry from the south:

18 Dost thou with Him spread out the sky,

The strong, as it were molten, mirror?

19 Let us know what we shall say to Him! -

We can arrange nothing by reason of darkness.

20 Shall it be told Him that Ispeak,

Or shall one wish to be destroyed?

Most expositors connect Job 37:17 with Job 37:16 : (Dost thou know) how it comes to pass that ... ; but אשׁר after ידע signifies quod, Exodus 11:7, not quomodo, as it sometimes occurs in a comparing antecedent clause, instead of כאשׁר, Exodus 14:13; Jeremiah 33:22. We therefore translate: thou whose ... , - connecting this, however, not with Job 37:16 (vid., e.g., Carey), but as Bolduc. and Ew., with Job 37:18 (where ה before תרקיע is then the less missed): thou who, when the land (the part of the earth where thou art) keeps rest, i.e., in sultriness, when oppressive heat comes (on this Hiph. vid., Ges. 53, 2) from the south (i.e., by means of the currents of air which come thence, without דּרום signifying directly the south wind), - thou who, when this happens, canst endure so little, that on the contrary the heat from without becomes perceptible to thee through thy clothes: dost thou now and then with Him keep the sky spread out, which for firmness is like a molten mirror? Elsewhere the hemispheric firmament, which spans the earth with its sub-celestial waters, is likened to a clear sapphire Exodus 24:10, a covering Psalm 104:2, a gauze Isaiah 40:22; the comparison with a metallic mirror (מוּצק here not from צוּק, Job 37:10; Job 36:16, but from יצק) is therefore to be understood according to Petavius: Coelum areum στερέωμα dicitur non a naturae propria conditione, sed ab effectu, quod perinde aquas separet, ac si murus esset solidissimus. Also in תרקיע lies the notion both of firmness and thinness; the primary notion (root רק) is to beat, make thick, stipare (Arab. rq‛, to stop up in the sense of resarcire, e.g., to mend stockings), to make thick by pressure. The ל joined with תרקיע is nota acc.; we must not comp. Job 8:8; Job 21:22, as well as Job 5:2; Job 19:3.

Therefore: As God is the only Creator (Job 9:8), so He is the all-provident Preserver of the world - make us know (הודיענוּ, according to the text of the Babylonians, Keri of הודיעני) what we shall say to Him, viz., in order to show that we can cope with Him! We cannot arrange, viz., anything whatever (to be explained according to ערך מלּין, Job 32:14, comp. "to place," Job 36:19), by reason of darkness, viz., the darkness of our understanding, σκότος τῆς διανοίας; מפּני is much the same as Job 23:17, but different from Job 17:12, and חשׁך different from both passages, viz., as it is often used in the New Testament, of intellectual darkness (comp. Ecclesiastes 2:14; Isaiah 60:2). The meaning of Job 37:20 cannot now be mistaken, if, with Hirz., Hahn, and Schlottm., we call to mind Job 36:10 in connection with אמר כּי: can I, a short-sighted man, enshrouded in darkness, wish that what I have arrogantly said concerning and against Him may be told to God, or should one earnestly desire (אמר, a modal perf., as Job 35:15) that (an jusserit s. dixerit quis ut) he may be swallowed up, i.e., destroyed (comp. לבלעו, Job 2:3)? He would, by challenging a recognition of his unbecoming arguing about God, desire a tribunal that would be destructive to himself.

Job 37:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

we

Job 37:19 Teach us what we shall say to him; for we cannot order our speech by reason of darkness.

Job 11:7 Can you by searching find out God? can you find out the Almighty to perfection?

Job 26:14 See, these are parts of his ways: but how little a portion is heard of him? but the thunder of his power who can understand?

Job 36:26 Behold, God is great, and we know him not, neither can the number of his years be searched out.

Proverbs 30:3,4 I neither learned wisdom, nor have the knowledge of the holy...

Ecclesiastes 3:11 He has made every thing beautiful in his time: also he has set the world in their heart...

Luke 10:22 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son...

Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!

1 Timothy 6:16 Who only has immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach to; whom no man has seen, nor can see...

excellent

Job 9:4,19 He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who has hardened himself against him, and has prospered...

Job 12:13 With him is wisdom and strength, he has counsel and understanding.

Job 36:5 Behold, God is mighty, and despises not any: he is mighty in strength and wisdom.

Psalm 62:11 God has spoken once; twice have I heard this; that power belongs to God.

Psalm 65:6 Which by his strength sets fast the mountains; being girded with power:

Psalm 66:3 Say to God, How terrible are you in your works! through the greatness of your power shall your enemies submit themselves to you.

Psalm 93:1 The LORD reigns, he is clothed with majesty; the LORD is clothed with strength, with which he has girded himself...

Psalm 99:4 The king's strength also loves judgment; you do establish equity, you execute judgment and righteousness in Jacob.

Psalm 146:6,7 Which made heaven, and earth, the sea, and all that therein is: which keeps truth for ever...

Isaiah 45:21 Tell you, and bring them near; yes, let them take counsel together: who has declared this from ancient time?...

Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For your is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.

in judgment

Psalm 36:5-7 Your mercy, O LORD, is in the heavens; and your faithfulness reaches to the clouds...

he will

Job 16:7-17 But now he has made me weary: you have made desolate all my company...

Psalm 30:5 For his anger endures but a moment; in his favor is life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy comes in the morning.

Lamentations 3:32,33 But though he cause grief, yet will he have compassion according to the multitude of his mercies...

Hebrews 12:10 For they truly for a few days chastened us after their own pleasure; but he for our profit, that we might be partakers of his holiness.

Cross References
Romans 11:33
Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!

1 Timothy 6:16
who alone has immortality, who dwells in unapproachable light, whom no one has ever seen or can see. To him be honor and eternal dominion. Amen.

Job 8:3
Does God pervert justice? Or does the Almighty pervert the right?

Job 9:4
He is wise in heart and mighty in strength--who has hardened himself against him, and succeeded?--

Job 11:7
"Can you find out the deep things of God? Can you find out the limit of the Almighty?

Job 11:8
It is higher than heaven--what can you do? Deeper than Sheol--what can you know?

Job 25:2
"Dominion and fear are with God; he makes peace in his high heaven.

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