Job 37:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Do you know how God lays his command upon them and causes the lightning of his cloud to shine?

King James Bible
Dost thou know when God disposed them, and caused the light of his cloud to shine?

American Standard Version
Dost thou know how God layeth his charge upon them, And causeth the lightning of his cloud to shine?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Dost thou know when God commanded the rains, to shew his light of his clouds?

English Revised Version
Dost thou know how God layeth his charge upon them, and causeth the lightning of his cloud to shine?

Webster's Bible Translation
Dost thou know when God disposed them, and caused the light of his cloud to shine?

Job 37:15 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

6 For He saith to the snow: Fall towards the earth,

And to the rain-shower

And the showers of His mighty rain.

7 He putteth a seal on the hand of every man,

That all men may come to a knowledge of His creative work.

8 The wild beast creepeth into a hiding-place,

And in its resting-place it remaineth.

9 Out of the remote part cometh the whirlwind,

And cold from the cloud-sweepers.

10 From the breath of God cometh ice,

And the breadth of the waters is straitened.

Like אבי, Job 34:36, and פּשׁ, Job 35:15, הוא, Job 37:6 (is falsely translated "be earthwards" by lxx, Targ., and Syr.), also belongs to the most striking Arabisms of the Elihu section: it signifies delabere (Jer. ut descendat), a signification which the Arab. hawâ does not gain from the radical signification placed first in Gesenius-Dietrich's Handwrterbuch, to breathe, blow, but from the radical signification, to gape, yawn, by means of the development of the meaning which also decides in favour of the primary notion of the Hebr. הוּה, according to which, what was said on Job 6:2; Job 30:13 is to be corrected.

(Note: Arab. hawâ is originally χαίνειν, to gape, yawn, hiare, e.g., hawat et-ta‛natu, the stab gapes (imperf. tahwı̂, inf. huwı̂jun), "when it opens its mouth" - the Turkish Kamus adds, to complete the picture: like a tulip. Thence next hâwijatun, χαίνουσα χαῖνον, i.e., χᾶσμα equals hûwatun, uhwı̂jatun, huwâatun, mahwâtun, a cleft, yawning deep, chasm, abyss, βάραθρον, vorago; hawı̂jatun and hauhâtun (a reduplicated form), especially a very deep pit or well. But these same words, hâwijatun, hûwatun, uhwı̂jatun, mahwâtun, also signify, like the usual Arab. hawa'â'un, the χάσμα between heaven and earth, i.e., the wide, empty space, the same as 'gauwun. The wider significations, or rather applications and references of hawâ: air set in motion, a current of air, wind, weather, are all secondary, and related to that primary signification as samâ, rain-clouds, rain, grass produced by the rain, to the prim. signification height, heaven, vid., Mehren, Rhetorik d. Araber, S. 107, Z. 14ff. This hawâ, however, also signifies in general: a broad, empty space, and by transferring the notion of "empty" to mind and heart, as the reduplicated forms hûhatun and hauhâtun: devoid of understanding and devoid of courage, e.g., Koran xiv. 44: wa-af'i-datuhum hawâun, where Bedhw first explains hawâ directly by chalâ, emptiness, empty space, i.e., as he adds, châlijetun ‛an el-fahm, as one says of one without mind and courage qalbuhu hawâun. Thence also hauwun, emptiness, a hole, i.e., in a wall or roof, a dormar-window (kauwe, kûwe), but also with the genit. of a person or thing: their hole, i.e., the space left empty by them, the side not taken up by them, e.g., qa‛ada fi hauwihi, he set himself beside him. From the signification to be empty then comes (1) hawat el-mar'atu, i.e., vacua fuit mulier equals orba oiberis, as χήρα, vidua, properly empty, French vide; (2) hawâ er-ragulu, i.e., vacuus, inanis factus est vir equals exanimatus (comp. Arab. frg, he became empty, euphemistic for he died).

From this variously applied primary signification is developed the generally known and usual Arab. hawâ, loose and free, without being held or holding to anything one's self, to pass away, fly, swing, etc., libere ferri, labi, in general in every direction, as the wind, or what is driven hither and thither by the wind, especially however from above downwards, labi, delabi, cadere, deorsum ruere. From this point, like many similar, the word first passes into the signification of sound (as certainly also שׁאה, שא): as anything falling has a full noise, and so on, δουπεῖν, rumorem, fragorem edere (fragor from frangi), hence hawat udhnuhu jawı̂jan of a singing in the ears.

continued...

Job 37:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Dost

Job 28:24-27 For he looks to the ends of the earth, and sees under the whole heaven...

Job 34:13 Who has given him a charge over the earth? or who has disposed the whole world?

Job 38:4 Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if you have understanding.

*etc:

Psalm 119:90,91 Your faithfulness is to all generations: you have established the earth, and it stays...

Isaiah 40:26 Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who has created these things, that brings out their host by number...

the light

Job 37:11 Also by watering he wearies the thick cloud: he scatters his bright cloud:

Job 36:30-32 Behold, he spreads his light on it, and covers the bottom of the sea...

Job 38:24,25 By what way is the light parted, which scatters the east wind on the earth...

Cross References
Job 37:11
He loads the thick cloud with moisture; the clouds scatter his lightning.

Job 37:14
"Hear this, O Job; stop and consider the wondrous works of God.

Job 37:16
Do you know the balancings of the clouds, the wondrous works of him who is perfect in knowledge,

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