Job 34:22
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
There is no gloom or deep darkness where evildoers may hide themselves.

King James Bible
There is no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.

American Standard Version
There is no darkness, nor thick gloom, Where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.

Douay-Rheims Bible
There is no darkness, and there is no shadow of death, where they may be hid who work iniquity.

English Revised Version
There is no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.

Webster's Bible Translation
There is no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.

Job 34:22 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

16 And oh understand now, hear this;

Hearken to the sound of my words.

17 Would one who hateth right also be able to subdue?

Or wilt thou condemn the All-just?

18 Is it becoming to say to a king: Worthless One!?

Thou evil-doer! to princes?

19 To Him who accepteth not the person of rulers,

And regardeth not the noble before the poor:

For they are all the work of His hands.

20 In a moment they die, and at midnight

The people are overthrown and perish,

And they put aside the mighty - not by the hand of man.

This strophe contains several grammatical rarities. At first sight it appears that Job 34:16 ought to be translated: "and if there is understanding (viz., to thee equals if thou hast), then hear this." But בּינה is accented as Milel and with Mercha, and can therefore not be a substantive (Hirz., Hahn, and others); for the retreat of the accent would be absolutely incomprehensible, and instead of a conjunctive, a distinctive, viz., Dech, ought to be expected. Several of the old expositors, therefore, interpret with Nolde: quod quum ita sit, intellige; but this elliptical ואם, well as it might also be used for Job 21:4, is unsupportable; the Makkeph between the two words is also against it, which rather arises from the assumption that בּינה is the imperat., and אם as an exception, like Genesis 23:13, is an optative particle joined to the imper. 2 instead of to the fut.: "and if thou shouldst observe" ( equals ואם־תּבין). To translate Job 34:17 with Schultens: num iram osor judicii frenabit, is impracticable on account of the order of the words, and gives a thought that is inappropriate here. אף is a particle, and the fut. is potentialis: is it also possible that an enemy of right should govern? (חבשׁ, imperio coercere, as אצר 1 Samuel 9:17, אסר Psalm 105:22); right and government are indeed mutually conditioned, without right everything would fall into anarchy and confusion. In Job 34:17 this is applied to the Ruler of the world: or (ואם, an, as Job 8:3; Job 21:4; Job 40:9) wilt thou condemn the mighty just One, i.e., the All-just? As Elihu calls God שׂגּיא כח, Job 37:23, as the Almighty, and as the Omniscient One, תּמים דּעים, Job 37:16, so here as the All-just One, צדּיק כּבּיר. The two adjectives are put side by side ἀσυνδέτως, as is frequently the case in Arabic, and form one compound idea, Ew. 270, d.

Job 34:22 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Psalm 139:11,12 If I say, Surely the darkness shall cover me; even the night shall be light about me...

Isaiah 29:15 Woe to them that seek deep to hide their counsel from the LORD, and their works are in the dark, and they say, Who sees us?...

Jeremiah 23:24 Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? said the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? said the LORD.

Amos 9:2,3 Though they dig into hell, there shall my hand take them; though they climb up to heaven, there will I bring them down...

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness...

Hebrews 4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight...

Revelation 6:15,16 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every slave...


Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell on it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

Job 24:17 For the morning is to them even as the shadow of death: if one know them, they are in the terrors of the shadow of death.

Isaiah 9:2 The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death...


Job 31:3 Is not destruction to the wicked? and a strange punishment to the workers of iniquity?

Psalm 5:5 The foolish shall not stand in your sight: you hate all workers of iniquity.

Proverbs 10:29 The way of the LORD is strength to the upright: but destruction shall be to the workers of iniquity.

Matthew 7:23 And then will I profess to them, I never knew you: depart from me, you that work iniquity.

Luke 13:27 But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not from where you are; depart from me, all you workers of iniquity.

Cross References
Job 3:13
For then I would have lain down and been quiet; I would have slept; then I would have been at rest,

Job 10:21
before I go--and I shall not return-- to the land of darkness and deep shadow,

Job 11:20
But the eyes of the wicked will fail; all way of escape will be lost to them, and their hope is to breathe their last."

Job 31:3
Is not calamity for the unrighteous, and disaster for the workers of iniquity?

Job 38:17
Have the gates of death been revealed to you, or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?

Psalm 139:11
If I say, "Surely the darkness shall cover me, and the light about me be night,"

Psalm 139:12
even the darkness is not dark to you; the night is bright as the day, for darkness is as light with you.

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