Job 34:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For according to the work of a man he will repay him, and according to his ways he will make it befall him.

King James Bible
For the work of a man shall he render unto him, and cause every man to find according to his ways.

American Standard Version
For the work of a man will he render unto him, And cause every man to find according to his ways.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For he will render to a man his work, and according to the ways of every one he will reward them.

English Revised Version
For the work of a man shall he render unto him, and cause every man to find according to his ways.

Webster's Bible Translation
For the work of a man he shall render to him, and cause every man to find according to his ways.

Job 34:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

5 For Job hath said: "I am guiltless,

"And God hath put aside my right.

6 "Shall I lie in spite of my right,

"Incurable is mine arrow without transgression."

7 Where is there a man like Job,

Who drinketh scorning like water,

8 And keepeth company with the workers of iniquity,

And walketh with wicked men,

9 So that he saith: "A man hath no profit

"From entering into fellowship with God"?!

That in relation to God, thinking of Him as a punishing judge, he is righteous or in the right, i.e., guiltless (צדקתּי with Pathach in pause, according to Ew. 93, c, from צדק equals צדק, but perhaps, comp. Proverbs 24:30; Psalm 102:26, because the Athnach is taken only as of the value of Zakeph), Job has said verbatim in Job 13:18, and according to meaning, Job 23:10; Job 27:7, and throughout; that He puts aside his right (the right of the guiltless, and therefore not of one coming under punishment): Job 27:2. That in spite of his right (על, to be interpreted, according to Schultens' example, just like Job 10:7; Job 16:17), i.e., although right is on his side, yet he must be accounted a liar, since his own testimony is belied by the wrathful form of his affliction, that therefore the appearance of wrong remains inalienably attached to him, we find in idea in Job 9:20 and freq. Elihu makes Job call his affliction חצּי, i.e., an arrow sticking in him, viz., the arrow of the wrath of God (on the objective suff. comp. on Job 23:2), after Job 6:4; Job 16:9; Job 19:11; and that this his arrow, i.e., the pain which it causes him, is incurably bad, desperately malignant without (בּלי as Job 8:11) פּשׁע, i.e., sins existing as the ground of it, from which he would be obliged to suppose they had thrust him out of the condition of favour, is Job's constant complaint (vid., e.g., Job 13:23.). Another utterance of Job closely connected with it has so roused Elihu's indignation, that he prefaces it with the exclamation of astonishment: Who is a man like Job, i.e., where in all the world (מי as 2 Samuel 7:23) has this Job his equal, who ... . The attributive clause refers to Job; "to drink scorn (here: blasphemy) like water," is, according to Job 15:16, equivalent to to give one's self up to mockery with delight, and to find satisfaction in it. ארח לחברה, to go over to any one's side, looks like a poeticized prose expression. ללכת is a continuation of the ארח, according to Ew. 351, c, but not directly in the sense "and he goes," but, as in the similar examples, Jeremiah 17:10; Jeremiah 44:19; 2 Chronicles 7:17, and freq., in the sense of: "he is in the act of going;" comp. on Job 36:20 and Habakkuk 1:17. The utterance runs: a man does not profit, viz., himself (on the use of סכן of persons as well as of things, vid., on Job 22:2), by his having joyous and familiar intercourse (בּרצתו, as little equivalent to בּרוּץ as in Psalm 50:18) with God. Job has nowhere expressly said this, but certainly the declaration in Job 9:22, in connection with the repeated complaints concerning the anomalous distribution of human destinies (vid., especially Job 21:7, Job 24:1), are the premises for such a conclusion. That Elihu, in Job 34:7, is more harsh against Job than the friends ever were (comp. e.g., the well-measured reproach of Eliphaz, Job 15:4), and that he puts words into Job's moth which occur nowhere verbatim in his speeches, is worked up by the Latin fathers (Jer., Philippus Presbyter, Beda,

(Note: Philippus Presbyter was a disciple of Jerome. His Comm. in Iobum is extant in many forms, partly epitomized, partly interpolated (on this subject, vid., Hieronymi Opp. ed. Vallarsi, iii. 895ff.). The commentary of Beda, dedicated to a certain Nectarius (Vecterius), is fundamentally that of this Philippus.)

Gregory) in favour of their unfavourable judgment of Elihu; the Greek fathers, however, are deprived of all opportunity of understanding him by the translation of the lxx (in which μυκτηρισμόν signifies the scorn of others which Job must swallow down, comp. Proverbs 26:6), which here perverts everything.

Job 34:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the work

Job 33:26 He shall pray to God, and he will be favorable to him: and he shall see his face with joy: for he will render to man his righteousness.

Psalm 62:12 Also to you, O Lord, belongs mercy: for you render to every man according to his work.

Proverbs 24:12 If you say, Behold, we knew it not; does not he that ponders the heart consider it? and he that keeps your soul, does not he know it?...

Jeremiah 32:19 Great in counsel, and mighty in work: for your eyes are open on all the ways of the sons of men...

Ezekiel 33:17-20 Yet the children of your people say, The way of the Lord is not equal: but as for them, their way is not equal...

Matthew 16:27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.

Romans 2:6 Who will render to every man according to his deeds:

2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body...

1 Peter 1:17 And if you call on the Father, who without respect of persons judges according to every man's work...

Revelation 22:12 And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.

cause

Proverbs 1:31 Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices.

Galatians 6:7,8 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatever a man sows, that shall he also reap...

Cross References
Matthew 16:27
For the Son of Man is going to come with his angels in the glory of his Father, and then he will repay each person according to what he has done.

Romans 2:6
He will render to each one according to his works:

2 Corinthians 5:10
For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive what is due for what he has done in the body, whether good or evil.

Revelation 22:12
"Behold, I am coming soon, bringing my recompense with me, to repay each one for what he has done.

Job 34:25
Thus, knowing their works, he overturns them in the night, and they are crushed.

Psalm 62:12
and that to you, O Lord, belongs steadfast love. For you will render to a man according to his work.

Proverbs 12:14
From the fruit of his mouth a man is satisfied with good, and the work of a man's hand comes back to him.

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