Job 3:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For then I would have lain down and been quiet; I would have slept; then I would have been at rest,

King James Bible
For now should I have lain still and been quiet, I should have slept: then had I been at rest,

American Standard Version
For now should I have lain down and been quiet; I should have slept; then had I been at rest,

Douay-Rheims Bible
For now I should have been asleep and still, and should have rest in my sleep.

English Revised Version
For now should I have lain down and been quiet; I should have slept; then had I been at rest:

Webster's Bible Translation
For now should I have lain still and been quiet, I should have slept: then had I been at rest,

Job 3:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

6 That night! let darkness seize upon it;

Let it not rejoice among the days of the year;

Let it not come into the number of the month.

7 Lo! let that night become barren;

Let no sound of gladness come to it.

8 Let those who curse the day curse it,

Who are skilled in stirring up leviathan.

9 Let the stars of its early twilight be darkened;

Let it long for light and there be none;

And let it not refresh itself with eyelids of the dawn.

Darkness is so to seize it, and so completely swallow it up, that it shall not be possible for it to pass into the light of day. It is not to become a day, to be reckoned as belonging to the days of the year and rejoice in the light thereof. יחדּ, for יחדּ, fut. Kal from חדה (Exodus 18:9), with Dagesh lene retained, and a helping Pathach (vid., Ges. 75, rem. 3, d); the reverse of the passage Genesis 49:6, where יחד, from יחד, uniat se, is found. It is to become barren, גּלמוּד, so that no human being shall ever be conceived and born, and greeted joyfully in it.

(Note: Fries understands רננה, song of the spheres (concentum coeli, Job 38:37, Vulg.); but this Hellenic conception is without support in holy Scripture.)

"Those who curse days" are magicians who know how to change days into dies infausti by their incantations. According to vulgar superstition, from which the imagery of Job 3:8 is borrowed, there was a special art of exciting the dragon, which is the enemy of sun and moon, against them both, so that, by its devouring them, total darkness prevails. The dragon is called in Hindu râhu; the Chinese, and also the natives of Algeria, even at the present day make a wild tumult with drums and copper vessels when an eclipse of the sun or moon occurs, until the dragon will release his prey.

(Note: On the dragon rhu, that swallows up sun and moon, vid., Pott, in the Hallische Lit. Zeitschr. 1849, No. 199; on the custom of the Chinese, Kuffer, Das chinesische Volk, S. 123. A similar custom among the natives of Algeria I have read of in a newspaper (1856). Moreover, the clouds which conceal the sky the Indians represent as a serpent. It is ahi, the cloud-serpent, which Indra chases away when he divides the clouds with his lightning. Vid., Westergaard in Weber's Indischer Zeitschr. 1855, S. 417.)

continued...

Job 3:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

then had I been at rest.

Ecclesiastes 6:3-5 If a man beget an hundred children, and live many years, so that the days of his years be many, and his soul be not filled with good...

Ecclesiastes 9:10 Whatever your hand finds to do, do it with your might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave...

Cross References
Job 3:12
Why did the knees receive me? Or why the breasts, that I should nurse?

Job 7:8
The eye of him who sees me will behold me no more; while your eyes are on me, I shall be gone.

Job 7:21
Why do you not pardon my transgression and take away my iniquity? For now I shall lie in the earth; you will seek me, but I shall not be."

Job 10:21
before I go--and I shall not return-- to the land of darkness and deep shadow,

Job 10:22
the land of gloom like thick darkness, like deep shadow without any order, where light is as thick darkness."

Job 14:10
But a man dies and is laid low; man breathes his last, and where is he?

Job 14:12
so a man lies down and rises not again; till the heavens are no more he will not awake or be roused out of his sleep.

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