Jeremiah 20:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Why did I come out from the womb to see toil and sorrow, and spend my days in shame?

King James Bible
Wherefore came I forth out of the womb to see labour and sorrow, that my days should be consumed with shame?

American Standard Version
Wherefore came I forth out of the womb to see labor and sorrow, that my days should be consumed with shame?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Why came I out of the womb, to see labour and sorrow, and that my days should be spent in confusion?

English Revised Version
Wherefore came I forth out of the womb to see labour and sorrow, that my days should be consumed with shame?

Webster's Bible Translation
Why was I brought into the world to see labor and sorrow, that my days should be consumed with shame?

Jeremiah 20:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Jeremiah 20:10 gives the reason for the resolution, adopted but not carried out, of speaking no more in the name of the Lord. This was found in the reports that reached his ears of schemes against his life. The first clause is a verbal quotation from Psalm 31:14, a lament of David in the time of Saul's persecutions. דּבּה, base, backbiting slander. The phrase: Fear round about, indicates, in the form of a brief popular saying, the dangerous case in which the prophet was,

(Note: Hupfeld on Psalm 31:14 holds מגור מסּביב to be a proverbial expression for a harassed condition, full of terrors, since the phrase is frequently used by Jeremiah (besides the present Jeremiah 20:3, Jeremiah 20:4, and Jeremiah 20:15, it is at Jeremiah 6:25; Jeremiah 46:5; Jeremiah 49:29; Lamentations 2:22). The use made of it in v. 3 would in that case be easily understood. For we cannot infer, as Ng. would do, that Jeremiah must have formed the phrase himself, from the fact that, except in Psalm 31:14, it is nowhere found but in Jeremiah.)

which his adversaries prepare for him by their repeating: Report him, we will report him.

Report: here, report to the authorities as a dangerous man. Even those who are on friendly terms with him lie in wait for his fall. This phrase too is formed of phrases from the Psalms. On "am of my peace," cf. Psalm 41:10; on צלעי, Psalm 35:15; Psalm 38:18; and on שׁמר, watch, lie in wait for, Psalm 56:7; Psalm 71:10. "Peradventure" - so they said - "he may let himself be enticed," sc. to say something on which a capital charge may be founded (Graf). With "that we may prevail against him," cf. Jeremiah 1:19; Jeremiah 15:20. - At Jeremiah 20:11 the lament rises into confidence in the Lord, springing from the promise given to him by God at his call. אותי (for אתּי) יהוה recalls Jeremiah 1:19; Jeremiah 15:20.The designation of God as גּבּור is formed after Jeremiah 15:21. Because the Lord has promised to deliver him out of the hand of the עריצים, violent, he now calls him a hero using violence, and on this founds his assurance that his persecutors will accomplish nothing, but will come to a downfall, to shame, and be covered with never-dying, never-to-be-forgotten disgrace. Because they have dealt not wisely, i.e., foolishly, see on Jeremiah 10:21; not: because they did not prosper, which would give a weak, superfluous idea, since their not prospering lies already in בּושׁ, spe frustrari. This disgrace will befall the persecutors, because the Lord of hosts will, as Searcher of hearts, take the part of the righteous, and will take vengeance on their foes. This is the force of Jeremiah 20:12, which, with a few changes, is repeated from Jeremiah 11:20. - In this trustfulness his soul rises to a firm hope of deliverance, so that in Jeremiah 20:13 he can call on himself and all the godly to praise God, the Saviour of the poor. Cf. Psalm 31:8; Psalm 35:9-10, Psalm 35:28, etc.

Jeremiah 20:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

came.

Job 3:20 Why is light given to him that is in misery, and life to the bitter in soul;

Job 14:1,13 Man that is born of a woman is of few days and full of trouble...

Lamentations 3:1 I AM the man that has seen affliction by the rod of his wrath.

to see.

Jeremiah 8:18 When I would comfort myself against sorrow, my heart is faint in me.

Genesis 3:16-19 To the woman he said, I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; in sorrow you shall bring forth children...

Psalm 90:10 The days of our years are three score years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years...

Lamentations 1:12 Is it nothing to you, all you that pass by? behold, and see if there be any sorrow like to my sorrow, which is done to me...

John 16:20 Truly, truly, I say to you, That you shall weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice: and you shall be sorrowful...

Hebrews 10:36 For you have need of patience, that, after you have done the will of God, you might receive the promise.

with.

Psalm 69:19 You have known my reproach, and my shame, and my dishonor: my adversaries are all before you.

Isaiah 1:6 From the sole of the foot even to the head there is no soundness in it; but wounds, and bruises, and putrefying sores...

Isaiah 61:7 For your shame you shall have double; and for confusion they shall rejoice in their portion...

Acts 5:41 And they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for his name.

1 Corinthians 4:9-13 For I think that God has set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle to the world...

2 Timothy 1:12 For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed...

Hebrews 11:36 And others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, yes, moreover of bonds and imprisonment:

Hebrews 12:2 Looking to Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame...

Hebrews 13:13 Let us go forth therefore to him without the camp, bearing his reproach.

1 Peter 4:14-16 If you be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are you; for the spirit of glory and of God rests on you...

Cross References
1 Corinthians 4:9
For I think that God has exhibited us apostles as last of all, like men sentenced to death, because we have become a spectacle to the world, to angels, and to men.

Job 3:20
"Why is light given to him who is in misery, and life to the bitter in soul,

Job 5:7
but man is born to trouble as the sparks fly upward.

Job 14:1
"Man who is born of a woman is few of days and full of trouble.

Psalm 69:19
You know my reproach, and my shame and my dishonor; my foes are all known to you.

Psalm 90:9
For all our days pass away under your wrath; we bring our years to an end like a sigh.

Psalm 90:10
The years of our life are seventy, or even by reason of strength eighty; yet their span is but toil and trouble; they are soon gone, and we fly away.

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