Jeremiah 2:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“For long ago I broke your yoke and burst your bonds; but you said, ‘I will not serve.’ Yes, on every high hill and under every green tree you bowed down like a whore.

King James Bible
For of old time I have broken thy yoke, and burst thy bands; and thou saidst, I will not transgress; when upon every high hill and under every green tree thou wanderest, playing the harlot.

American Standard Version
For of old time I have broken thy yoke, and burst thy bonds; and thou saidst, I will not serve; for upon every high hill and under every green tree thou didst bow thyself, playing the harlot.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Of old time thou hast broken my yoke, thou hast burst my bands, and thou saidst: I will not serve. For on every high hill, and under every green tree thou didst prostitute thyself.

English Revised Version
For of old time I have broken thy yoke, and burst thy bands; and thou saidst, I will not serve; for upon every high hill and under every green tree thou didst bow thyself, playing the harlot.

Webster's Bible Translation
For of old time I have broken thy yoke, and burst thy bands; and thou saidst, I will not transgress; when upon every high hill and under every green tree thou wanderest, playing the harlot.

Jeremiah 2:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

By this double sin Israel has drawn on its own head all the evil that has befallen it. Nevertheless it will not cease its intriguing with the heathen nations. Jeremiah 2:14. "Is Israel a servant? is he a home-born slave? why is he become a booty? Jeremiah 2:15. Against him roared the young lions, let their voice be heard, and made his land a waste; his cities were burnt up void of inhabitants. Jeremiah 2:16. Also the sons of Noph and Tahpanes feed on the crown of thy head. Jeremiah 2:17. Does not this bring it upon thee, thy forsaking Jahveh thy God, at the time when He led thee on the way? Jeremiah 2:18. And now what hast thou to do with the way to Egypt, to drink the waters of the Nile? and what with the way to Assur, to drink the waters of the river? Jeremiah 2:19. Thy wickedness chastises thee, and thy backslidings punish thee; then know and see that it is evil and bitter to forsake Jahveh thy God, and to have no fear of me, saith the Lord Jahveh of hosts." The thought from Jeremiah 2:14-16 is this: Israel was plundered and abused by the nations like a slave. To characterize such a fate as in direct contradiction to its destiny is the aim of the question: Is Israel a servant? i.e., a slave or a house-born serf. עבד is he who has in any way fallen into slavery, יליד בּיתa slave born in the house of his master. The distinction between these two classes of salves does not consist in the superior value of the servant born in the house by reason of his attachment to the house. This peculiarity is not here thought of, but only the circumstance that the son of a salve, born in the house, remained a slave without any prospect of being set free; while the man who has been forced into slavery by one of the vicissitudes of life might hope again to acquire his freedom by some favourable turn of circumstances. Another failure is the attempt of Hitz. to interpret עבד as servant of Jahveh, worshipper of the true God; for this interpretation, even if we take no account of all the other arguments that make against it, is rendered impossible by .יליד That expression never means the son of the house, but by unfailing usage the slave born in the house of his master. Now the people of Israel had not been born as serf in the land of Jahveh, but had become עבד, i.e., slave, in Egypt (Deuteronomy 5:15); but Jahveh has redeemed it from this bondage and made it His people. The questions suppose a state of affairs that did not exist. This is shown by the next question, one expressing wonder: Why then is he it become a prey? Slaves are treated as a prey, but Israel was no slave; why then has such treatment fallen to his lot? Propheta per admirationem quasi de re nova et absurda sciscitatur. An servus est Israel? atqui erat liber prae cunctis gentibus, erat enim filius primogenitus Dei; necesse est igitur quaerere aliam causam, cur adeo miser sit (Calv.). Cf. the similar turn of the thought in Jeremiah 2:31. How Israel became a prey is shown in Jeremiah 2:15 and Jeremiah 2:16. These verses do not treat of future events, but of what has already happened, and, according to Jeremiah 2:18 and Jeremiah 2:19, will still continue. The imperff. ישׁאגוּ and ירעוּך alternate consequently with the perff. נתנוּ and נצּתה, and are governed by היה לבז, so that they are utterances regarding events of the past, which have been and are still repeated. Lions are a figure that frequently stands for enemies thirsting for plunder, who burst in upon a people or land; cf. Micah 5:7; Isaiah 5:29, etc. Roared עליו, against him, not, over him: the lion roars when he is about to rush upon his prey, Amos 3:4, Amos 3:8; Psalm 104:21; Judges 14:5; when he has pounced upon it he growls or grumbles over it; cf. Isaiah 31:4. - In Jeremiah 2:15 the figurative manner passes into plain statement. They made his land a waste; cf. Jeremiah 4:7; Jeremiah 18:16, etc., where instead of שׁית we have the more ordinary שׂוּם. The Cheth. נצּתה from יצת, not from the Ethiop. נצה (Graf, Hitz.), is to be retained; the Keri here, as in Jeremiah 22:6, is an unnecessary correction; cf. Ew. 317, a. In this delineation Jeremiah has in his eye chiefly the land of the ten tribes, which had been ravaged and depopulated by the Assyrians, even although Judah had often suffered partial devastations by enemies; cf. 1 Kings 14:25.

Jeremiah 2:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

for of

Jeremiah 30:8 For it shall come to pass in that day, said the LORD of hosts, that I will break his yoke from off your neck, and will burst your bonds...

Exodus 3:8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land to a good land and a large...

Leviticus 26:13 I am the LORD your God, which brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, that you should not be their slaves...

Deuteronomy 4:20,34 But the LORD has taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron furnace, even out of Egypt, to be to him a people of inheritance...

Deuteronomy 15:15 And you shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God redeemed you...

Isaiah 9:4 For you have broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.

Isaiah 10:27 And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall be taken away from off your shoulder, and his yoke from off your neck...

Isaiah 14:25 That I will break the Assyrian in my land, and on my mountains tread him under foot: then shall his yoke depart from off them...

Nahum 1:13 For now will I break his yoke from off you, and will burst your bonds in sunder.

and thou saidst

Exodus 19:8 And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD has spoken we will do...

Exodus 24:3 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice...

Deuteronomy 5:27 Go you near, and hear all that the LORD our God shall say: and speak you to us all that the LORD our God shall speak to you...

Deuteronomy 26:17 You have avouched the LORD this day to be your God, and to walk in his ways, and to keep his statutes, and his commandments...

Joshua 1:16 And they answered Joshua, saying, All that you command us we will do, and wherever you send us, we will go.

Joshua 24:26-24 And Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law of God, and took a great stone, and set it up there under an oak...

1 Samuel 12:10 And they cried to the LORD, and said, We have sinned, because we have forsaken the LORD, and have served Baalim and Ashtaroth...

transgress. or, serve. when upon

Jeremiah 3:6 The LORD said also to me in the days of Josiah the king, Have you seen that which backsliding Israel has done?...

Deuteronomy 12:2 You shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which you shall possess served their gods, on the high mountains...

1 Kings 12:32 And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like to the feast that is in Judah...

Psalm 78:58 For they provoked him to anger with their high places, and moved him to jealousy with their graven images.

Isaiah 57:5-7 Enflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clefts of the rocks...

Ezekiel 16:24,25,31 That you have also built to you an eminent place, and have made you an high place in every street...

Ezekiel 20:28 For when I had brought them into the land, for the which I lifted up my hand to give it to them, then they saw every high hill...

playing

Jeremiah 3:1,6-8 They say, If a man put away his wife, and she go from him, and become another man's, shall he return to her again...

Exodus 34:14-16 For you shall worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God...

Deuteronomy 12:2 You shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which you shall possess served their gods, on the high mountains...

Isaiah 1:21 How is the faithful city become an harlot! it was full of judgment; righteousness lodged in it; but now murderers.

Ezekiel 16:15,16,28,41 But you did trust in your own beauty, and played the harlot because of your renown...

Ezekiel 23:5 And Aholah played the harlot when she was mine; and she doted on her lovers, on the Assyrians her neighbors,

Hosea 2:5 For their mother has played the harlot: she that conceived them has done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers...

Hosea 3:3 And I said to her, You shall abide for me many days; you shall not play the harlot, and you shall not be for another man...

Cross References
Revelation 17:1
Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and said to me, "Come, I will show you the judgment of the great prostitute who is seated on many waters,

Leviticus 26:13
I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that you should not be their slaves. And I have broken the bars of your yoke and made you walk erect.

Deuteronomy 12:2
You shall surely destroy all the places where the nations whom you shall dispossess served their gods, on the high mountains and on the hills and under every green tree.

1 Kings 14:23
For they also built for themselves high places and pillars and Asherim on every high hill and under every green tree,

Psalm 107:14
He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death, and burst their bonds apart.

Isaiah 1:21
How the faithful city has become a whore, she who was full of justice! Righteousness lodged in her, but now murderers.

Isaiah 57:5
you who burn with lust among the oaks, under every green tree, who slaughter your children in the valleys, under the clefts of the rocks?

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