James 3:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For every kind of beast and bird, of reptile and sea creature, can be tamed and has been tamed by mankind,

King James Bible
For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind:

American Standard Version
For every kind of beasts and birds, of creeping things and things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed by mankind.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For every nature of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of the rest, is tamed, and hath been tamed, by the nature of man:

English Revised Version
For every kind of beasts and birds, of creeping things and things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed by mankind:

Webster's Bible Translation
For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of animals in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed by mankind:

Weymouth New Testament
For brute nature under all its forms--beasts and birds, reptiles and fishes--can be subjected and kept in subjection by human nature.

James 3:7 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Kind (φύσις)

Wrong. James is not speaking of the relation between individual men and individual beasts, but of the relation between the nature of man and that of beasts, which may be different in different beasts. Hence, as Rev., in margin, nature.

Beasts (θηρίων)

Quadrupeds. Not beasts generally, nor wild beasts only. In Acts 28:4, Acts 28:5, the word is used of the viper which fastened on Paul's hand. In Peter's vision (Acts 10:19; Acts 11:6) there is a different classification from the one here; quadrupeds being denoted by a specific term, τετράποδα, four-footed creatures. There θηρία includes fishes, which in this passage are classed as ἐναλίων, things in the sea.

By mankind (τῇ φύσει τῇ ἀνθρωπίνῃ)

Rather, by the nature of man, φύσις, as before, denoting the generic character. Every nature of beasts is tamed by the nature of man. Compare the fine chorus in the "Antigone" of Sophocles, 343-352:

"The thoughtless tribe of birds,

The beasts that roam the fields

The brood in sea-depths born,

He takes them all in nets,

Knotted in snaring mesh,

Man, wonderful in skill.

And by his subtle arts

He holds in sway the beasts

continued...

James 3:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

kind. Gr. nature. is tamed.

Mark 5:4 Because that he had been often bound with fetters and chains, and the chains had been plucked asunder by him...

Gr. mankind. Gr. the nature of man.

Cross References
Acts 10:12
In it were all kinds of animals and reptiles and birds of the air.

James 3:6
And the tongue is a fire, a world of unrighteousness. The tongue is set among our members, staining the whole body, setting on fire the entire course of life, and set on fire by hell.

James 3:8
but no human being can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil, full of deadly poison.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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