James 3:6
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the tongue is a fire, a world of unrighteousness. The tongue is set among our members, staining the whole body, setting on fire the entire course of life, and set on fire by hell.

King James Bible
And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.

American Standard Version
And the tongue is a fire: the world of iniquity among our members is the tongue, which defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the wheel of nature, and is set on fire by hell.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity. The tongue is placed among our members, which defileth the whole body, and inflameth the wheel of our nativity, being set on fire by hell.

English Revised Version
And the tongue is a fire: the world of iniquity among our members is the tongue, which defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the wheel of nature, and is set on fire by hell.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire from hell.

Weymouth New Testament
And the tongue is a fire. That world of iniquity, the tongue, is placed within us spotting and soiling our whole nature, and setting the whole round of our lives on fire, being itself set on fire by Gehenna.

James 3:6 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

World of iniquity (κόσμος τῆς ἀδικίας)

Κόσμος, primarily, means order, and is applied to the world or universe as an orderly system. A world of iniquity is an organism containing within itself all evil essence, which from it permeates the entire man. World is used in the same sense as in the latter part of Proverbs 17:6 (Sept.), which is not given in the A. V. "The trusty hath the whole world of things, but the faithless not a groat."

Is the tongue (καθίσταται)

This differs a little from the simple is, though it is not easy to render it accurately. The verb means to appoint, establish, institute, and is used of the tongue as having an appointed and definite place in a system (among our members). It might be rendered hath its place.

Defileth (σπιλοῦσα)

Lit., defiling. Only here and Jde 1:23. See on 2 Peter 2:13.

Setteth on fire (φλογίζουσα)

Lit., setting on fire. Only in this verse in New Testament.

The course of nature (τροχὸν τῆς γενέσεως)

A very obscure passage. Τροχός, (only here in New Testament), from τρέχω, to run, applies generally to anything round or circular which runs or rolls, as a wheel or sphere. Hence, often a wheel. Used of the circuit of fortifications and of circles or zones of land or sea. From the radical sense, to run, comes the meaning course, as the course of the sun; and from this a place for running, a race-course. Γενέσεως rendered nature, means origin, beginning, birth, manner of birth, production, and is used by Plato for the creation, or the sum of created things. It also means a race, and a generation or age. In the New Testament it occurs but twice outside of this epistle, viz., at Matthew 1:1, "the book of the generation of Jesus Christ," where the meaning is origin or birth; the birth-book of Jesus Christ. The other passage is Matthew 1:18, according to the best texts, also meaning birth. In James 1:23, as we have seen, πρόσωπον τῆς γενέσεως, is the face of his birth. We may then safely translate τροχός by wheel; and as birth is the meaning of γένεσις in every New-Testament passage where it occurs, we may give it the preference here and render the wheel of birth - i.e., the wheel which is set in motion at birth and runs on to the close of life. It is thus a figurative description of human life. So Anacreon:

"The chariot-wheel, like life, runs rolling round,"

Tertullian says: "The whole revolving wheel of existence bears witness to the resurrection of the dead." The Rev., which gives nature, puts birth in margin. This revolving wheel is kindled by the tongue, and rolls on in destructive blaze. The image is justified by the fact. The tongue works the chief mischief, kindles the most baleful fires in the course of life.

James 3:6 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the tongue.

Judges 12:4-6 Then Jephthah gathered together all the men of Gilead, and fought with Ephraim: and the men of Gilead smote Ephraim, because they said...

2 Samuel 19:43 And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, We have ten parts in the king, and we have also more right in David than you...

2 Samuel 20:1 And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said...

2 Chronicles 10:13-16 And the king answered them roughly; and king Rehoboam forsook the counsel of the old men...

2 Chronicles 13:17 And Abijah and his people slew them with a great slaughter: so there fell down slain of Israel five hundred thousand chosen men.

Psalm 64:3 Who whet their tongue like a sword, and bend their bows to shoot their arrows, even bitter words:

Psalm 140:3 They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent; adders' poison is under their lips. Selah.

Proverbs 15:1 A soft answer turns away wrath: but grievous words stir up anger.

Proverbs 16:27 An ungodly man digs up evil: and in his lips there is as a burning fire.

Proverbs 26:20,21 Where no wood is, there the fire goes out: so where there is no talebearer, the strife ceases...

Isaiah 30:27 Behold, the name of the LORD comes from far, burning with his anger, and the burden thereof is heavy: his lips are full of indignation...

a world.

James 2:7 Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which you are called?

Genesis 3:4-6 And the serpent said to the woman, You shall not surely die...

Leviticus 24:11 And the Israelitish woman's son blasphemed the name of the Lord, and cursed. And they brought him to Moses...

Numbers 25:2 And they called the people to the sacrifices of their gods: and the people did eat, and bowed down to their gods.

Numbers 31:16 Behold, these caused the children of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to commit trespass against the LORD in the matter of Peor...

Deuteronomy 13:6 If your brother, the son of your mother, or your son, or your daughter, or the wife of your bosom, or your friend...

Judges 16:15-20 And she said to him, How can you say, I love you, when your heart is not with me? you have mocked me these three times...

1 Samuel 22:9-17 Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over the servants of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob...

2 Samuel 13:26-29 Then said Absalom, If not, I pray you, let my brother Amnon go with us. And the king said to him, Why should he go with you...

2 Samuel 15:2-6 And Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the way of the gate: and it was so...

2 Samuel 16:20-23 Then said Absalom to Ahithophel, Give counsel among you what we shall do...

2 Samuel 17:1,2 Moreover Ahithophel said to Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night...

1 Kings 21:5-15 But Jezebel his wife came to him, and said to him, Why is your spirit so sad, that you eat no bread...

Proverbs 1:10-14 My son, if sinners entice you, consent you not...

Proverbs 6:19 A false witness that speaks lies, and he that sows discord among brothers.

Proverbs 7:5,21-23 That they may keep you from the strange woman, from the stranger which flatters with her words...

Jeremiah 20:10 For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, say they, and we will report it. All my familiars watched for my halting...

Jeremiah 28:16 Therefore thus said the LORD; Behold, I will cast you from off the face of the earth: this year you shall die...

Matthew 12:24,32-36 But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow does not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils...

Matthew 15:11-20 Not that which goes into the mouth defiles a man; but that which comes out of the mouth, this defiles a man...

Mark 7:15,20-22 There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him: but the things which come out of him...

Mark 14:55-57 And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none...

Acts 6:13 And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceases not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place, and the law:

Acts 20:30 Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.

Romans 3:13,14 Their throat is an open sepulcher; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips...

Romans 16:17,18 Now I beseech you, brothers, mark them which cause divisions and offenses contrary to the doctrine which you have learned...

Ephesians 5:3,4 But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becomes saints...

Colossians 3:8,9 But now you also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth...

2 Thessalonians 2:10-12 And with all delusion of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth...

Titus 1:11 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake.

2 Peter 2:1,2 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you...

2 Peter 3:3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts,

3 John 1:10 Why, if I come, I will remember his deeds which he does, prating against us with malicious words: and not content therewith...

Jude 1:8-10,15-18 Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities...

Revelation 2:14,15 But I have a few things against you, because you have there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam...

Revelation 13:1-5,14 And I stood on the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns...

Revelation 18:23 And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in you...

Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that worked miracles before him...

it is.

Luke 16:24 And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water...

Acts 5:3 But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land?

2 Corinthians 11:13-15 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ...

2 Thessalonians 2:9 Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders,

Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceives the whole world...

Cross References
Psalm 120:2
Deliver me, O LORD, from lying lips, from a deceitful tongue.

Psalm 120:3
What shall be given to you, and what more shall be done to you, you deceitful tongue?

Proverbs 16:27
A worthless man plots evil, and his speech is like a scorching fire.

Isaiah 50:11
Behold, all you who kindle a fire, who equip yourselves with burning torches! Walk by the light of your fire, and by the torches that you have kindled! This you have from my hand: you shall lie down in torment.

Matthew 5:22
But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment; whoever insults his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, 'You fool!' will be liable to the hell of fire.

Matthew 12:36
I tell you, on the day of judgment people will give account for every careless word they speak,

Matthew 15:11
it is not what goes into the mouth that defiles a person, but what comes out of the mouth; this defiles a person."

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