Isaiah 9:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You have multiplied the nation; you have increased its joy; they rejoice before you as with joy at the harvest, as they are glad when they divide the spoil.

King James Bible
Thou hast multiplied the nation, and not increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, and as men rejoice when they divide the spoil.

American Standard Version
Thou hast multiplied the nation, thou hast increased their joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, as men rejoice when they divide the spoil.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou hast multiplied the nation, and hast not increased the joy. They shall rejoice before thee, as they that rejoice in the harvest, as conquerors rejoice after taking a prey, when they divide the spoils.

English Revised Version
Thou hast multiplied the nation, thou hast increased their joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, as men rejoice when they divide the spoil.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hast multiplied the nation, and not increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, and as men rejoice when they divide the spoil.

Isaiah 9:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

It is to this ecclesiola in ecclesia that the prophet's admonition is addressed. "And when they shall say to you, Inquire of the necromancers, and of the soothsayers that chirp and whisper:-Should not a people inquire of its God? for the living to the dead?" The appeal is supposed to be made by Judaeans of the existing stamp; for we know from Isaiah 2:6; Isaiah 3:2-3, that all kinds of heathen superstitions had found their way into Jerusalem, and were practised there as a trade. The persons into whose mouths the answer is put by the prophet (we may supply before Isaiah 8:19, "Thus shall ye say to them;" cf., Jeremiah 10:11), are his own children and disciples. The circumstances of the times were very critical; and the people were applying to wizards to throw light upon the dark future. 'Ob signified primarily the spirit of witchcraft, then the possessor of such a spirit (equivalent to Baal ob), more especially the necromancer. Yidd‛oni, on the other hand, signified primarily the possessor of a prophesying or soothsaying spirit (πύθων or πνεῦμα τοῦ πύθωνος), Syr. yodūa‛ (after the intensive from pâ‛ul with immutable vowels), and then the soothsaying spirit itself (Leviticus 20:27), which was properly called yiddâ'ōn (the much knowing), like δαίμων, which, according to Plato, is equivalent to δαήμων. These people, who are designated by the lxx, both here and elsewhere, as ἐγγαστρόμυθοι, i.e., ventriloquists, imitated the chirping of bats, which was supposed to proceed from the shadows of Hades, and uttered their magical formulas in a whispering tone.

(Note: The Mishnah Sanhedrin 65a gives this definition: "Baal'ob is a python, i.e., a soothsayer ('with a spirit of divination'), who speaks from his arm-pit; yidd‛oni, a man who speaks with his mouth." The baal ob, so far as he had to do with the bones of the dead, is called in the Talmud obâ temayya', e.g., the witch of Endor (b. Sabbath 152b). On the history of the etymological explanation of the word, see Bttcher, de inferis, 205-217. If 'ob, a skin or leather bottle, is a word from the same root (rendered "bellows" by the lxx at Job 32:19), as it apparently is, it may be applied to a bottle as a thing which swells or can be blown out, and to a wizard of spirit of incantation on account of this puffing and gasping. The explanation "le revenant," from אוּב equals Arab. âba, to return, has only a very weak support in the proper name איוב equals avvâb (the penitent, returning again and again to God: see again at Isaiah 29:4).)

What an unnatural thing, for the people of Jehovah to go and inquire, not of their won God, but of such heathenish and demoniacal deceivers and victims as these (dârash 'el, to go and inquire of a person, Isaiah 11:10, synonymous with shâ'ar b', 1 Samuel 28:6)! What blindness, to consult the dead in the interests of the living! By "the dead" (hammēthim) we are not to understand "the idols" in this passage, as in Psalm 106:28, but the departed, as Deuteronomy 18:11 (cf., 1 Samuel 28) clearly proves; and בּעד is not to be taken, either here or elsewhere, as equivalent to tachath ("instead of"), as Knobel supposes, but, as in Jeremiah 21:2 and other passages, as signifying "for the benefit of." Necromancy, which makes the dead the instructors of the living, is a most gloomy deception.

Isaiah 9:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

hast multiplied

Isaiah 26:15 You have increased the nation, O LORD, you have increased the nation: you are glorified...

Isaiah 49:20-22 The children which you shall have, after you have lost the other, shall say again in your ears, The place is too strait for me...

Nehemiah 9:23 Their children also multiplied you as the stars of heaven, and brought them into the land...

Psalm 107:38 He blesses them also, so that they are multiplied greatly; and suffers not their cattle to decrease.

Hosea 4:7 As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will I change their glory into shame.

Zechariah 2:11 And many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day, and shall be my people: and I will dwell in the middle of you...

Zechariah 8:23 Thus said the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations...

Zechariah 10:8 I will hiss for them, and gather them; for I have redeemed them: and they shall increase as they have increased.

not increased the joy. or, to him increased the joy. they joy

Isaiah 12:1 And in that day you shall say, O LORD, I will praise you: though you were angry with me, your anger is turned away...

Isaiah 25:9 And it shall be said in that day, See, this is our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us: this is the LORD...

Isaiah 35:2,10 It shall blossom abundantly, and rejoice even with joy and singing: the glory of Lebanon shall be given to it...

Isaiah 54:1 Sing, O barren, you that did not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, you that did not travail with child...

Isaiah 55:12 For you shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing...

Isaiah 61:7,10 For your shame you shall have double; and for confusion they shall rejoice in their portion...

Isaiah 65:18 But be you glad and rejoice for ever in that which I create: for, behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy.

Isaiah 66:10 Rejoice you with Jerusalem, and be glad with her, all you that love her: rejoice for joy with her, all you that mourn for her:

Psalm 4:7 You have put gladness in my heart, more than in the time that their corn and their wine increased.

Psalm 126:5,6 They that sow in tears shall reap in joy...

Jeremiah 31:7,12-14 For thus said the LORD; Sing with gladness for Jacob, and shout among the chief of the nations: publish you, praise you, and say...

Acts 8:8 And there was great joy in that city.

Philippians 4:4 Rejoice in the Lord always: and again I say, Rejoice.

1 Peter 1:8 Whom having not seen, you love; in whom, though now you see him not, yet believing, you rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:

according

Isaiah 16:9,10 Therefore I will mourn with the weeping of Jazer the vine of Sibmah: I will water you with my tears, O Heshbon, and Elealeh...

and as men

Judges 5:3 Hear, O you kings; give ear, O you princes; I, even I, will sing to the LORD; I will sing praise to the LORD God of Israel.

1 Samuel 30:16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad on all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing...

2 Chronicles 20:25-28 And when Jehoshaphat and his people came to take away the spoil of them...

Psalm 119:162 I rejoice at your word, as one that finds great spoil.

Luke 11:22 But when a stronger than he shall come on him, and overcome him, he takes from him all his armor wherein he trusted...

Cross References
1 Samuel 30:16
And when he had taken him down, behold, they were spread abroad over all the land, eating and drinking and dancing, because of all the great spoil they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from the land of Judah.

Job 12:23
He makes nations great, and he destroys them; he enlarges nations, and leads them away.

Psalm 4:7
You have put more joy in my heart than they have when their grain and wine abound.

Psalm 119:162
I rejoice at your word like one who finds great spoil.

Isaiah 26:15
But you have increased the nation, O LORD, you have increased the nation; you are glorified; you have enlarged all the borders of the land.

Isaiah 35:10
And the ransomed of the LORD shall return and come to Zion with singing; everlasting joy shall be upon their heads; they shall obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.

Isaiah 65:14
behold, my servants shall sing for gladness of heart, but you shall cry out for pain of heart and shall wail for breaking of spirit.

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