Isaiah 9:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For the yoke of his burden, and the staff for his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, you have broken as on the day of Midian.

King James Bible
For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.

American Standard Version
For the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, thou hast broken as in the day of Midian.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the yoke of their burden, and the rod of their shoulder, and the sceptre of their oppressor thou best overcome, as in the day of Median.

English Revised Version
For the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, thou hast broken as in the day of Midian.

Webster's Bible Translation
For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.

Isaiah 9:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In opposition to such a falling away to wretched superstition, the watchword of the prophet and his supporters is this. "To the teaching of God (thorah, Gotteslehre), and to the testimony! If they do not accord with this word, they are a people for whom no morning dawns." The summons, "to the teaching and to the testimony" (namely, to those which Jehovah gave through His prophet, Isaiah 8:17), takes the form of a watchword in time of battle (Judges 7:18). With this construction the following אם־לא (which Knobel understands interrogatively, "Should not they speak so, who, etc.?" and Luzzatto as an oath, as in Psalm 131:2, "Surely they say such words as have no dawn in them") has, at any rate, all the presumption of a conditional signification. Whoever had not this watchword would be regarded as the enemy of Jehovah, and suffer the fate of such a man. This is, to all appearance, the meaning of the apodosis שׁהר אין־לו אשׁר. Luther has given the meaning correctly, "If they do not say this, they will not have the morning dawn;" or, according to his earlier and equally good rendering, "They shall never overtake the morning light," literally, "They are those to whom no dawn arises." The use of the plural in the hypothetical protasis, and the singular in the apodosis, is an intentional and significant change. All the several individuals who did not adhere to the revelation made by Jehovah through His prophet, formed one corrupt mass, which would remain in hopeless darkness. אשׁר is used in the same sense as in Isaiah 5:28 and 2 Samuel 2:4, and possibly also as in 1 Samuel 15:20, instead of the more usual כּי, when used in the affirmative sense which springs in both particles out of the confirmative (namque and quoniam): Truly they have no morning dawn to expect.

(Note: Strangely enough, Isaiah 8:19 and Isaiah 8:20 are described in Lev. Rabba, ch. xv, as words of the prophet Hosea incorporated in the book of Isaiah.)

Isaiah 9:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

for thou hast broken. or, when thou brakest

Isaiah 14:25 That I will break the Assyrian in my land, and on my mountains tread him under foot: then shall his yoke depart from off them...

Isaiah 47:6 I was wroth with my people, I have polluted my inheritance, and given them into your hand: you did show them no mercy...

Genesis 27:40 And by your sword shall you live, and shall serve your brother; and it shall come to pass when you shall have the dominion...

Leviticus 26:13 I am the LORD your God, which brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, that you should not be their slaves...

Jeremiah 30:8 For it shall come to pass in that day, said the LORD of hosts, that I will break his yoke from off your neck, and will burst your bonds...

Nahum 1:13 For now will I break his yoke from off you, and will burst your bonds in sunder.

the staff

Isaiah 10:5,27 O Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my indignation...

Isaiah 14:3-5 And it shall come to pass in the day that the LORD shall give you rest from your sorrow, and from your fear...

Isaiah 30:31,32 For through the voice of the LORD shall the Assyrian be beaten down, which smote with a rod...

Psalm 125:3 For the rod of the wicked shall not rest on the lot of the righteous; lest the righteous put forth their hands to iniquity.

as in the day

Isaiah 10:26 And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a whip for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb...

Judges 6:1-6 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD delivered them into the hand of Midian seven years...

Judges 7:22-25 And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and the LORD set every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host...

Judges 8:10-12 Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their hosts with them, about fifteen thousand men...

Psalm 83:9-11 Do to them as to the Midianites; as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brook of Kison...

Cross References
Judges 7:25
And they captured the two princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb. They killed Oreb at the rock of Oreb, and Zeeb they killed at the winepress of Zeeb. Then they pursued Midian, and they brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon across the Jordan.

Judges 8:10
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor with their army, about 15,000 men, all who were left of all the army of the people of the East, for there had fallen 120,000 men who drew the sword.

Psalm 81:6
"I relieved your shoulder of the burden; your hands were freed from the basket.

Isaiah 9:5
For every boot of the tramping warrior in battle tumult and every garment rolled in blood will be burned as fuel for the fire.

Isaiah 10:26
And the LORD of hosts will wield against them a whip, as when he struck Midian at the rock of Oreb. And his staff will be over the sea, and he will lift it as he did in Egypt.

Isaiah 10:27
And in that day his burden will depart from your shoulder, and his yoke from your neck; and the yoke will be broken because of the fat."

Isaiah 14:4
you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon: "How the oppressor has ceased, the insolent fury ceased!

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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