Isaiah 65:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
a people who provoke me to my face continually, sacrificing in gardens and making offerings on bricks;

King James Bible
A people that provoketh me to anger continually to my face; that sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth incense upon altars of brick;

American Standard Version
a people that provoke me to my face continually, sacrificing in gardens, and burning incense upon bricks;

Douay-Rheims Bible
A people that continually provoke me to anger before my face: that immolate in gardens, and sacrifice upon bricks.

English Revised Version
a people that provoketh me to my face continually, sacrificing in gardens, and burning incense upon bricks;

Webster's Bible Translation
A people that provoketh me to anger continually to my face; that sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth incense upon altars of brick;

Isaiah 65:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The re-erection of the ruins of the promised land requires the zeal of every one, and this state of ruin must not continue. It calls out the love and faithfulness of Jehovah. "The cities of Thy holiness have become a pasture-ground; Zion has become a pasture-ground, Jerusalem a desert. The house of our holiness and of our adorning, where our fathers praised Thee, is given up to the fire, and everything that was our delight given up to devastation. Wilt Thou restrain Thyself in spite of this, O Jehovah, be silent, and leave us to suffer the utmost?" Jerusalem by itself could not possibly be called "cities" (‛ârē), say with reference to the upper and lower cities (Vitringa). It is merely mentioned by name as the most prominent of the many cities which were all "holy cities," inasmuch as the whole of Canaan was the land of Jehovah (Isaiah 14:25), and His holy territory (Psalm 78:54). The word midbâr (pasture-land, heath, different from tsiyyâh, the pastureless desert, Isaiah 35:1) is repeated, for the purpose of showing that the same fate had fallen upon Zion-Jerusalem as upon the rest of the cities of the land. The climax of the terrible calamity was the fact, that the temple had also fallen a prey to the burning of the fire (compare for the fact, Jeremiah 52:13). The people call it "house of our holiness and of our glory." Jehovah's qōdesh and tiph'ereth have, as it were, transplanted heaven to earth in the temple (compare Isaiah 63:15 with Isaiah 60:7); and this earthly dwelling-place of God is Israel's possession, and therefore Israel's qōdesh and tiph'ereth. The relative clause describes what sublime historical reminiscences are attached to the temple: אשׁר is equivalent to שׁם אשׁר, as in Genesis 39:20; Numbers 20:13 (compare Psalm 84:4), Deuteronomy 8:15, etc. הללּך has chateph-pathach, into which, as a rule, the vocal sheva under the first of two similar letters is changed. Machămaddēnū (our delights) may possibly include favourite places, ornamental buildings, and pleasure grounds; but the parallel leads us rather to think primarily of things associated with the worship of God, in which the people found a holy delight. כל, contrary to the usual custom, is here followed by the singular of the predicate, as in Proverbs 16:2; Ezekiel 31:15 (cf., Genesis 9:29). Will Jehovah still put restraint upon Himself, and cause His merciful love to keep silence, על־זאת, with such a state of things as this, or notwithstanding this state of things (Job 10:7)? On התאפּק, see Isaiah 63:15; Isaiah 42:14. The suffering would indeed increase עד־מאד (to the utmost), if it caused the destruction of Israel, or should not be followed at last by Israel's restoration. Jehovah's compassion cannot any longer thus forcibly restrain itself; it must break forth, like Joseph's tears in the recognition scene (Genesis 45:1).

Isaiah 65:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a people

Isaiah 3:8 For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD...

Deuteronomy 32:16-19,21 They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations provoked they him to anger...

2 Kings 17:14-17 Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers...

2 Kings 22:17 Because they have forsaken me, and have burned incense to other gods...

Psalm 78:40,58 How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert!...

Jeremiah 32:30-35 For the children of Israel and the children of Judah have only done evil before me from their youth...

Ezekiel 8:17,18 Then he said to me, Have you seen this, O son of man...

Matthew 23:32-36 Fill you up then the measure of your fathers...

to my face

Job 1:11 But put forth your hand now, and touch all that he has, and he will curse you to your face.

Job 2:5 But put forth your hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse you to your face.

that sacrificeth

Isaiah 1:29 For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which you have desired, and you shall be confounded for the gardens that you have chosen.

Isaiah 66:17 They that sanctify themselves, and purify themselves in the gardens behind one tree in the middle, eating swine's flesh...

Leviticus 17:5 To the end that the children of Israel may bring their sacrifices, which they offer in the open field...

Jeremiah 3:6 The LORD said also to me in the days of Josiah the king, Have you seen that which backsliding Israel has done?...

Ezekiel 20:28 For when I had brought them into the land, for the which I lifted up my hand to give it to them, then they saw every high hill...

altars. Heb. bricks

Exodus 20:24,25 An altar of earth you shall make to me, and shall sacrifice thereon your burnt offerings, and your peace offerings, your sheep...

Exodus 30:1-10 And you shall make an altar to burn incense on: of shittim wood shall you make it...

Cross References
Job 1:11
But stretch out your hand and touch all that he has, and he will curse you to your face."

Job 2:5
But stretch out your hand and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse you to your face."

Psalm 78:58
For they provoked him to anger with their high places; they moved him to jealousy with their idols.

Isaiah 1:29
For they shall be ashamed of the oaks that you desired; and you shall blush for the gardens that you have chosen.

Isaiah 3:8
For Jerusalem has stumbled, and Judah has fallen, because their speech and their deeds are against the LORD, defying his glorious presence.

Isaiah 66:3
"He who slaughters an ox is like one who kills a man; he who sacrifices a lamb, like one who breaks a dog's neck; he who presents a grain offering, like one who offers pig's blood; he who makes a memorial offering of frankincense, like one who blesses an idol. These have chosen their own ways, and their soul delights in their abominations;

Isaiah 66:17
"Those who sanctify and purify themselves to go into the gardens, following one in the midst, eating pig's flesh and the abomination and mice, shall come to an end together, declares the LORD.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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