Isaiah 45:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I form light and create darkness; I make well-being and create calamity; I am the LORD, who does all these things.

King James Bible
I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things.

American Standard Version
I form the light, and create darkness; I make peace, and create evil. I am Jehovah, that doeth all these things.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I form the light, and create darkness, I make peace, and create evil: I the Lord that do all these things.

English Revised Version
I form the light, and create darkness; I make peace, and create evil; I am the LORD, that doeth all these things.

Webster's Bible Translation
I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things.

Isaiah 45:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The first strophe of the first half of this sixth prophecy (Isaiah 44:24.), the subject of which is Cyrus, the predicted restorer of Jerusalem, of the cities of Judah, and of the temple, is now followed by a second strophe (Isaiah 45:1-8), having for its subject Cyrus, the man through whose irresistible career of conquest the heathen would be brought to recognise the power of Jehovah, so that heavenly blessings would come down upon the earth. The naming of the great shepherd of the nations, and the address of him, are continued in Isaiah 45:1-3 : "Thus saith Jehovah to His anointed, to Koresh, whom I have taken by his right hand to subdue nations before him; and the loins of kings I ungird, to open before him doors and gates, that they may not continue shut. I shall go before thee, and level what is heaped up: gates of brass shall I break in pieces, and bolts of iron shall I smite to the ground. And I shall give thee treasures of darkness, and jewels of hidden places, that thou mayest know that I Jehovah am He who called out thy name, (even) the God of Israel." The words addressed to Cyrus by Jehovah commence in Isaiah 45:2, but promises applying to him force themselves into the introduction, being evoked by the mention of his name. He is the only king of the Gentiles whom Jehovah ever meshı̄chı̄ (my anointed; lxx τῷ χριστῷ μου). The fundamental principle of the politics of the empire of the world was all-absorbing selfishness. But the politics of Cyrus were pervaded by purer motives, and this brought him eternal honour. The very same thing which the spirit of Darius, the father of Xerxes, is represented as saying of him in the Persae of Aeschylus (v. 735), Θεὸς γὰρ οὐκ ἤχθησεν ὡς εὔφρων ἔφυ (for he was not hateful to God, because he was well-disposed), is here said by the Spirit of revelation, which by no means regards the virtues of the heathen as splendida vitia. Jehovah has taken him by his right hand, to accomplish great things through him while supporting him thus. (On the inf. rad for rōd, from râdad, to tread down, see Ges. 67, Anm. 3.) The dual delâthaim has also a plural force: "double doors" (fores) in great number, viz., those of palaces. After the two infinitives, the verb passes into the finite tense: "loins of kings I ungird" (discingo; pittēăch, which refers primarily to the loosening of a fastened garment, is equivalent to depriving of strength). The gates - namely, those of the cities which he storms - will not be shut, sc. in perpetuity, that is to say, they will have to open to him. Jerome refers here to the account given of the elder Cyrus in Xenophon's Cyropaedia. A general picture may no doubt be obtained from this of his success in war; but particular statements need support from other quarters, since it is only a historical romance. Instead of אושׁר (אושׁר)? in Isaiah 45:2, the keri has אישּׁר; just as in Psalm 5:9 it has הישׁר instead of הושׁר. A hiphil הושׁיר cannot really be shown to have existed, and the abbreviated future form עושׁר would be altogether without ground or object here. הדּורים (tumida; like נעיימם, amaena, and others) is meant to refer to the difficulties piled up in the conqueror's way. The "gates of brass' (nedhūshâh, brazen, poetical for nechōsheth, brass, as in the derivative passage, Psalm 107:16) and "bolts of iron" remind one more especially of Babylon with its hundred "brazen gates," the very posts and lintels of which were also of brass (Herod. i. 179); and the treasures laid up in deep darkness and jewels preserved in hiding-places, of the riches of Babylon (Jeremiah 50:37; Jeremiah 51:13), and especially of those of the Lydian Sardes, "the richest city of Asia after Babylon" (Cyrop. vii. 2, 11), which Cyrus conquered first. On the treasures which Cyrus acquired through his conquests, and to which allusion is made in the Persae of Aeschylus, v. 327 ("O Persian, land and harbour of many riches thou"), see Plin. h. n. xxxiii. 2. Brerewood estimates the quantity of gold and silver mentioned there as captured by him at no less than 126,224,000 sterling. And all this success is given to him by Jehovah, that he may know that it is Jehovah the God of Israel who has called out with his name, i.e., called out his name, or called him to be what he is, and as what he shows himself to be.

Isaiah 45:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

form

Genesis 1:3-5,17,18 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light...

Psalm 8:3 When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have ordained;

Psalm 104:20-23 You make darkness, and it is night: wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth...

Jeremiah 31:35 Thus said the LORD, which gives the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night...

2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, has shined in our hearts...

James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom is no ficklenss...

create darkness

Exodus 10:21-23 And the LORD said to Moses, Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt...

Exodus 14:20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them...

Jeremiah 13:16 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before your feet stumble on the dark mountains, and...

Ezekiel 32:8 All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over you, and set darkness on your land, said the Lord GOD.

Joel 2:2 A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread on the mountains...

Amos 4:13 For, see, he that forms the mountains, and creates the wind, and declares to man what is his thought, that makes the morning darkness...

Nahum 1:8 But with an overrunning flood he will make an utter end of the place thereof, and darkness shall pursue his enemies.

Jude 1:6,13 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation...

I make Peace

Isaiah 10:5,6 O Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my indignation...

Job 2:10 But he said to her, You speak as one of the foolish women speaks. What? shall we receive good at the hand of God...

Job 34:29 When he gives quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hides his face, who then can behold him?...

Psalm 29:11 The LORD will give strength to his people; the LORD will bless his people with peace.

Psalm 75:7 But God is the judge: he puts down one, and sets up another.

Ecclesiastes 7:13,14 Consider the work of God: for who can make that straight, which he has made crooked...

Jeremiah 18:7-10 At what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, and to pull down, and to destroy it...

Jeremiah 51:20 You are my battle ax and weapons of war: for with you will I break in pieces the nations, and with you will I destroy kingdoms;

Ezekiel 14:15-21 If I cause noisome beasts to pass through the land, and they spoil it, so that it be desolate...

Amos 3:6 Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and the people not be afraid? shall there be evil in a city, and the LORD has not done it?

Amos 5:6 Seek the LORD, and you shall live; lest he break out like fire in the house of Joseph, and devour it...

Acts 4:28 For to do whatever your hand and your counsel determined before to be done.

Cross References
Genesis 1:4
And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness.

2 Kings 19:25
"Have you not heard that I determined it long ago? I planned from days of old what now I bring to pass, that you should turn fortified cities into heaps of ruins,

Psalm 104:20
You make darkness, and it is night, when all the beasts of the forest creep about.

Psalm 105:28
He sent darkness, and made the land dark; they did not rebel against his words.

Isaiah 31:2
And yet he is wise and brings disaster; he does not call back his words, but will arise against the house of the evildoers and against the helpers of those who work iniquity.

Isaiah 42:16
And I will lead the blind in a way that they do not know, in paths that they have not known I will guide them. I will turn the darkness before them into light, the rough places into level ground. These are the things I do, and I do not forsake them.

Isaiah 47:11
But evil shall come upon you, which you will not know how to charm away; disaster shall fall upon you, for which you will not be able to atone; and ruin shall come upon you suddenly, of which you know nothing.

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