Isaiah 45:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
All of them are put to shame and confounded; the makers of idols go in confusion together.

King James Bible
They shall be ashamed, and also confounded, all of them: they shall go to confusion together that are makers of idols.

American Standard Version
They shall be put to shame, yea, confounded, all of them; they shall go into confusion together that are makers of idols.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They are all confounded and ashamed: the forgers of errors are gone together into confusion.

English Revised Version
They shall be ashamed, yea, confounded, all of them: they shall go into confusion together that are makers of idols.

Webster's Bible Translation
They shall be ashamed, and also confounded, all of them: they shall go to confusion together that are makers of idols.

Isaiah 45:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The promise is now continued in the third strophe (Isaiah 45:9-13), and increases more and more in the distinctness of its terms; but just as in Isaiah 29:15-21, it opens with a reproof of that pusillanimity (Isaiah 40:27; cf., Isaiah 51:13; Isaiah 49:24; Isaiah 58:3), which goes so far to complain of the ways of Jehovah. "Woe to him that quarreleth with his Maker - a pot among the pots of earthenware? Can the clay indeed say to him that shapeth it, What makest thou? and thy work, He hath no hands? Woe to him that saith to his father, What begettest thou? and to the woman, What bringest thou forth?" The comparison drawn between a man as the work of God and the clay-work of a potter suggested itself all the more naturally, inasmuch as the same word yootseer was applied to God as Creator, and also to a potter (figulus). The word cheres signifies either a sherd, or fragment of earthenware (Isaiah 30:14), or an earthenware vessel (Jeremiah 19:1; Proverbs 26:23). In the passage before us, where the point of comparison is not the fragmentary condition, but the earthen character of the material ()'adâmâh), the latter is intended: the man, who complains of God, is nothing but a vessel of clay, and, more than that, a perishable vessel among many others of the very same kind.

(Note: The Septuagint reads shin for sin in both instances, and introduces here the very unsuitable thought already contained in Isaiah 28:24, "Shall the ploughman plough the land the whole day?")

The questions which follow are meant to show the folly of this complaining. Can it possibly occur to the clay to raise a complaint against him who has it in hand, that he has formed it in such and such a manner, or for such and such a purpose (compare Romans 9:20, "Why hast thou made me thus")? To the words "or thy work" we must supply num dicet (shall it say); pō‛al is a manufacture, as in Isaiah 1:31. The question is addressed to the maker, as those in Isaiah 7:25 are to the husbandman: Can the thing made by thee, O man, possibly say in a contemptuous tone, "He has no hands?" - a supposition the ridiculous absurdity of which condemns it at once; and yet it is a very suitable analogy to the conduct of the man who complains of God. In Isaiah 45:10 a woe is denounced upon those who resemble a man who should say to his own father, What children dost thou beget? or to a wife, What dost thou bring forth? (techı̄lı̄n an emphatic, and for the most part pausal, fut. parag., as in Ruth 2:8; Ruth 3:18). This would be the rudest and most revolting attack upon an inviolably tender and private relation; and yet Israel does this when it makes the hidden providential government of its God the object of expostulation.

Isaiah 45:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 45:20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, you that are escaped of the nations...

Isaiah 41:19 I will plant in the wilderness the cedar, the shittah tree, and the myrtle, and the oil tree; I will set in the desert the fir tree...

Isaiah 42:17 They shall be turned back, they shall be greatly ashamed, that trust in graven images, that say to the molten images, You are our gods.

Isaiah 44:9,11 They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses...

Psalm 97:7 Confounded be all they that serve graven images, that boast themselves of idols: worship him, all you gods.

Jeremiah 2:26,27 As the thief is ashamed when he is found, so is the house of Israel ashamed; they, their kings, their princes, and their priests...

Jeremiah 10:14,15 Every man is brutish in his knowledge: every founder is confounded by the graven image: for his molten image is falsehood...

Cross References
Isaiah 42:17
They are turned back and utterly put to shame, who trust in carved idols, who say to metal images, "You are our gods."

Isaiah 44:9
All who fashion idols are nothing, and the things they delight in do not profit. Their witnesses neither see nor know, that they may be put to shame.

Isaiah 44:11
Behold, all his companions shall be put to shame, and the craftsmen are only human. Let them all assemble, let them stand forth. They shall be terrified; they shall be put to shame together.

Jeremiah 48:13
Then Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel, their confidence.

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