Isaiah 32:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Beat your breasts for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine,

King James Bible
They shall lament for the teats, for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine.

American Standard Version
They shall smite upon the breasts for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Mourn for your breasts, for the delightful country, for the fruitful vineyard.

English Revised Version
They shall smite upon the breasts for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine.

Webster's Bible Translation
They shall lament for the breasts, for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine.

Isaiah 32:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

A third fruit of the blessing is the naming and treating of every one according to his true character. "The fool will no more be called a nobleman, nor the crafty a gentleman. For a fool speaks follies, and his heart does godless things, to practise tricks and to speak error against Jehovah, to leave the soul of hungry men empty, and to withhold the drink of thirsty ones. And the craft of a crafty man is evil, who devises stratagems to destroy suffering ones by lying words, even when the needy exhibits his right. But a noble man devises noble things, and to noble things he adheres." Nobility of birth and wealth will give place to nobility of character, so that the former will not exist or not be recognised without the latter. Nâdı̄bh is properly one who is noble in character, and then, dropping the ethical meaning, one who is noble by rank. The meaning of the word generosus follows the same course in the opposite direction. Shōă‛ is the man who is raised to eminence by the possession of property; the gentleman, as in Job 34:19. The prophet explains for himself in what sense he uses the words nâbhâl and kı̄lai. We see from his explanation that kı̄lai neither signifies the covetous, from kūl (Saad.), nor the spendthrift, from killâh (Hitzig). Jerome gives the correct rendering, viz., fraudulentus; and Rashi and Kimchi very properly regard it as a contraction of nekhı̄lai. It is an adjective form derived from כּיל equals נכיל, like שׂיא equals נשׂיא (Job 20:6). The form כּלי in Isaiah 32:1 is used interchangeably with this, merely for the sake of the resemblance in sound to כּליו (machinatoris machinae pravae). In Isaiah 32:6, commencing with ki (for), the fact that the nâbhâl (fool) and kı̄lai (crafty man) will lose their titles of honour, is explained on the simple ground that such men are utterly unworthy of them. Nâbhâl is a scoffer at religion, who thinks himself an enlightened man, and yet at the same time has the basest heart, and is a worthless egotist. The infinitives with Lamed show in what the immorality ('âven) consists, with which his heart is so actively employed. In Isaiah 32:6, ūbhedabbēr ("and if he speak") is equivalent to, "even in the event of a needy man saying what is right and well founded:" Vâv equals et in the sense of etiam ((cf., 2 Samuel 1:23; Psalm 31:12; Hosea 8:6; Ecclesiastes 5:6); according to Knobel, it is equivalent to et quidem, as in Ecclesiastes 8:2; Amos 3:11; Amos 4:10; whereas Ewald regards it as Vav conj. (283, d), "and by going to law with the needy," but את־אביון would be the construction in this case (vid., 2 Kings 25:6). According to Isaiah 32:8, not only does the noble man devise what is noble, but as such (הוּא) he adheres to it. We might also adopt this explanation, "It is not upon gold or upon chance that he rises;" but according to the Arabic equivalents, qūm signifies persistere here.

Isaiah 32:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

lament

Lamentations 2:11 My eyes do fail with tears, my bowels are troubled, my liver is poured on the earth, for the destruction of the daughter of my people...

Lamentations 4:3,4 Even the sea monsters draw out the breast, they give suck to their young ones: the daughter of my people is become cruel...

pleasant fields. Heb. fields of desire

Deuteronomy 8:7,8 For the LORD your God brings you into a good land, a land of brooks of water...

Deuteronomy 11:11,12 But the land, where you go to possess it, is a land of hills and valleys, and drinks water of the rain of heaven...

Ezekiel 20:6,15 In the day that I lifted up my hand to them, to bring them forth of the land of Egypt into a land that I had espied for them...

Cross References
Nahum 2:7
its mistress is stripped; she is carried off, her slave girls lamenting, moaning like doves and beating their breasts.

Isaiah 32:13
for the soil of my people growing up in thorns and briers, yes, for all the joyous houses in the exultant city.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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