Habakkuk 3:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
O LORD, I have heard the report of you, and your work, O LORD, do I fear. In the midst of the years revive it; in the midst of the years make it known; in wrath remember mercy.

King James Bible
O LORD, I have heard thy speech, and was afraid: O LORD, revive thy work in the midst of the years, in the midst of the years make known; in wrath remember mercy.

American Standard Version
O Jehovah, I have heard the report of thee, and am afraid: O Jehovah, revive thy work in the midst of the years; In the midst of the years make it known; In wrath remember mercy.

Douay-Rheims Bible
O Lord, I have heard thy hearing, and was afraid. O Lord, thy work, in the midst of the years bring it to life: In the midst of the years thou shalt make it known: when thou art angry, thou wilt remember mercy.

English Revised Version
O LORD, I have heard the report of thee, and am afraid: O LORD, revive thy work in the midst of the years, in the midst of the years make it known; in wrath remember mercy.

Webster's Bible Translation
O LORD, I have heard thy speech, and was afraid: O LORD, revive thy work in the midst of the years, in the midst of the years make known; in wrath remember mercy.

Habakkuk 3:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The promise of salvation opens, in closest connection with the destruction of Jerusalem and of the temple, with a picture of the glory awaiting in the remotest future the temple mountain, which has now become a wild forest-height. Micah 4:1. "And it comes to pass at the end of the days, that the mountain of Jehovah's house will be established on the head of the mountains, and it will be exalted above the hills, and nations stream to it. Micah 4:2. And many nations go, and say, Up, let us go up to the mountain of Jehovah, and to the house of the God of Jacob, that He may teach us of His ways, and we may walk in His paths: for from Zion will law go forth, and the word of Jehovah from Jerusalem. Micah 4:3. And He will judge between many nations, and pronounce sentence on strong nations afar off; and they forge their swords into coulters, and their spears into pruning-hooks: nation will not lift up sword against nation, nor will they learn war any more. Micah 4:4. And they will sit, every one under his vine, and under his fig-tree, and no one will make them afraid: for the mouth of Jehovah of hosts hath spoken it."

(Note: This promise is placed by Isaiah (Isaiah 2:2-4) at the head of his prophecy of Zion's way through judgment from the false glory to the true. The originality of the passage in Micah is open to no question. Delitzsch acknowledges this, and has given the principal arguments in its favour in the Commentary on Isaiah. For still more elaborate proofs, see Caspari's Micha, pp. 444-5.)

By the phrase "at the end of the days," which always denotes the Messianic era when used by the prophets (see at Hosea 3:5), the predicted exaltation of the temple mountain is assigned to the period of the completion of the kingdom of God. The mountain of the house of Jehovah is the temple mountain, strictly speaking, Moriah, as the distinction made between the mountain of the house and Zion in Micah 3:12 clearly shows; but as a subordinate peak of Zion, it is embraced along with Zion in what follows (compare Micah 4:2 with Micah 4:7) as the seat of Jehovah's rule, from which the law proceeds. נכון does not mean placed or set up, but established, founded. By connecting the participle with יהיה, the founding is designated as a permanent one. בּראשׁ ההרים, upon (not at) the top of the mountains, as in Judges 9:7; 1 Samuel 26:13; Psalm 72:16; whereas such passages as Micah 2:13; Amos 6:7, and 1 Kings 21:9 are of a different character, and have no bearing upon the point. The temple mountain, or Zion, will be so exalted above all the mountains and hills, that it will appear to be founded upon the top of the mountains. This exaltation is of course not a physical one, as Hofmann, Drechsler, and several of the Rabbins suppose, but a spiritual (ethical) elevation above all the mountains. This is obvious from Micah 4:2, according to which Zion will tower above all the mountains, because the law of the Lord issues from it. The assumption of a physical elevation cannot be established from Ezekiel 40:2 and Revelation 21:10, for in the visions described in both these passages the earthly elevation is a symbol of a spiritual one. "Through a new revelation of the Lord, which is made upon it, and which leaves the older revelations far behind, whether made upon Sinai or upon itself, Zion becomes the greatest and loftiest mountain in the world" (Caspari), and the mountain seen from afar, to which "nations" stream, and not merely the one nation of Israel.

עמּים is more precisely defined in Micah 4:2 as גּוים רבּים. The attractive power which this mountain exerts upon the nations, so that they call upon one another to go up to it (Micah 4:2), does not reside in its height, which towers above that of all other mountains, but in the fact that the house of the God of Jacob stands upon it, i.e., that Jehovah is enthroned there, and teacher how to walk in His ways. הורה מן, to teach out of the ways, so that the ways of God form the material from which they derive continual instruction. The desire for salvation, therefore, is the motive which prompts them to this pilgrimage; for they desire instruction in the ways of the Lord, that they may walk in them. The ways of Jehovah are the ways which God takes in His dealing with men, and by which men are led by Him; in reality, therefore, the ordinances of salvation which He has revealed in His word, the knowledge and observance of which secure life and blessedness. The words "for the law goes forth from Zion," etc., are words spoken not by the nations, but by the prophet, and assign the reason why the heathen go with such zeal to the mountain of Jehovah. The accent is laid upon מצּיון (from Zion), which stands at the head, and מירוּשׁלם (from Jerusalem), which is parallel to it. Thence does tōrâh, i.e., instruction in the ways of God, proceed, - in other words, the law as the rule of a godly life, and debhar Yehōvâh (the word of Jehovah), or the word of revelation as the source of salvation. It is evident from this that the mountain of the house of God is not thought of here as the place of worship, but as the scene of divine revelation, the centre of the kingdom of God. Zion is the source of the law and word of the Lord, from which the nations draw instruction how to walk in the ways of God, to make it their own, take it to their homes, and walk according to it. The fruit of this adoption of the word of the Lord will be, that they will not longer fight out their disputes with weapons of war, but let Jehovah judge and settle them, and thus acknowledge Him as their King and Judge. שׁפם signifies to act as judge; הוכיה (lit., to set right), to settle and put a stop to a dispute. "Many nations," in contrast with the one nation, which formerly was alone in acknowledge Jehovah as its King and Judge. This is strengthened still further by the parallel "strong, mighty nations afar off." In consequence of this they will turn their weapons into instruments of peaceful agriculture, and wage no more war; in fact, they will learn war no more, no longer exercise themselves in the use of arms. For the words וכתּתוּ וגו compare Joel 3:10, where the summons to the nations to a decisive conflict with the kingdom of God is described as turning the instruments of agriculture into weapons of war. With the cessation of war, universal peace will ensue, and Israel will have no further enemies to fear, so that every one will have undisturbed enjoyment of the blessings of peace, of which Israel had had a foretaste during the peaceful reign of Solomon. The words "sit under his vine" are taken from 1 Kings 5:5 (cf. Zechariah 3:10), and אין מחריד from the promise in Leviticus 26:6. All this, however incredible it might appear, not only for the Israel of that time, but even now under the Christian dispensation, will assuredly take place, for the mouth of Jehovah the true God has spoken it.

Habakkuk 3:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I have.

Habakkuk 3:16 When I heard, my belly trembled; my lips quivered at the voice: rottenness entered into my bones, and I trembled in myself...

Habakkuk 1:5-10 Behold you among the heathen, and regard, and wonder marvelously: for I will work a work in your days which you will not believe...

Exodus 9:20,21 He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses...

2 Chronicles 34:27,28 Because your heart was tender, and you did humble yourself before God, when you heard his words against this place...

Job 4:12-21 Now a thing was secretly brought to me, and my ear received a little thereof...

Psalm 119:120 My flesh trembles for fear of you; and I am afraid of your judgments.

Isaiah 66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have been, said the LORD: but to this man will I look...

Jeremiah 36:21-24 So the king sent Jehudi to fetch the roll: and he took it out of Elishama the scribe's chamber...

Daniel 8:17 So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell on my face: but he said to me, Understand, O son of man...

Hebrews 11:7 By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house...

Hebrews 12:21 And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)

Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear you, O Lord, and glorify your name? for you only are holy: for all nations shall come and worship before you...

speech. Heb. report, or hearing.

Isaiah 53:1 Who has believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?

Romans 10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias said, Lord, who has believed our report?

O Lord.

Ezra 9:8 And now for a little space grace has been showed from the LORD our God, to leave us a remnant to escape...

Psalm 85:6 Will you not revive us again: that your people may rejoice in you?

Psalm 90:13-17 Return, O LORD, how long? and let it repent you concerning your servants...

Psalm 138:7,8 Though I walk in the middle of trouble, you will revive me: you shall stretch forth your hand against the wrath of my enemies...

Isaiah 51:9-11 Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the LORD; awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old...

Isaiah 63:15-19 Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of your holiness and of your glory: where is your zeal and your strength...

Isaiah 64:1-4 Oh that you would rend the heavens, that you would come down, that the mountains might flow down at your presence...

Hosea 6:2,3 After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight...

John 10:10 The thief comes not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life...

Philippians 1:6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which has begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:

revive. or, preserve alive. in the.

Jeremiah 25:11,12 And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years...

Jeremiah 52:31-34 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month...

Daniel 9:2 In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years...

in wrath.

Exodus 32:10-12 Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of you a great nation...

Numbers 14:10-23 But all the congregation bade stone them with stones...

Numbers 16:46,47 And Moses said to Aaron, Take a censer, and put fire therein from off the altar, and put on incense, and go quickly to the congregation...

2 Samuel 24:10-17 And David's heart smote him after that he had numbered the people. And David said to the LORD, I have sinned greatly in that I have done...

Psalm 6:1,2 O LORD, rebuke me not in your anger, neither chasten me in your hot displeasure...

Psalm 38:1 O lord, rebuke me not in your wrath: neither chasten me in your hot displeasure.

Psalm 78:38 But he, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, and destroyed them not: yes, many a time turned he his anger away...

Jeremiah 10:24 O LORD, correct me, but with judgment; not in your anger, lest you bring me to nothing.

Jeremiah 29:10 For thus said the LORD, That after seventy years be accomplished at Babylon I will visit you, and perform my good word toward you...

Lamentations 3:32 But though he cause grief, yet will he have compassion according to the multitude of his mercies.

Zechariah 1:12 Then the angel of the LORD answered and said, O LORD of hosts, how long will you not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah...

Cross References
Numbers 14:19
Please pardon the iniquity of this people, according to the greatness of your steadfast love, just as you have forgiven this people, from Egypt until now."

2 Samuel 24:15
So the LORD sent a pestilence on Israel from the morning until the appointed time. And there died of the people from Dan to Beersheba 70,000 men.

Job 42:5
I had heard of you by the hearing of the ear, but now my eye sees you;

Psalm 44:1
O God, we have heard with our ears, our fathers have told us, what deeds you performed in their days, in the days of old:

Psalm 71:20
You who have made me see many troubles and calamities will revive me again; from the depths of the earth you will bring me up again.

Psalm 85:6
Will you not revive us again, that your people may rejoice in you?

Psalm 90:16
Let your work be shown to your servants, and your glorious power to their children.

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