Ezekiel 19:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and say: What was your mother? A lioness! Among lions she crouched; in the midst of young lions she reared her cubs.

King James Bible
And say, What is thy mother? A lioness: she lay down among lions, she nourished her whelps among young lions.

American Standard Version
and say, What was thy mother? A lioness: she couched among lions, in the midst of the young lions she nourished her whelps.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And say: Why did thy mother the lioness lie down among the lions, and bring up her whelps in the midst of young lions?

English Revised Version
and say, What was thy mother? A lioness: she couched among lions, in the midst of the young lions she nourished her whelps.

Webster's Bible Translation
And say, What is thy mother: A lioness: she lay down among lions, she nourished her whelps among young lions.

Ezekiel 19:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Turning to good leads to life; turning to evil is followed by death. - Ezekiel 18:21. But if the wicked man turneth from all his sins which he hath committed, and keepeth all my statutes, and doeth right and righteousness, he shall live, and not die. Ezekiel 18:22. All his transgressions which he hath committed, shall not be remembered to him: for the sake of the righteousness which he hath done he will live. Ezekiel 18:23. Have I then pleasure in the death of the wicked? is the saying of Jehovah: and not rather that he turn from his ways, and live? Ezekiel 18:24. But if the righteous man turn from his righteousness, and doeth wickedness, and acteth according to all the abominations which the ungodly man hath done, should he live? All the righteousness that he hath done shall not be remembered: for his unfaithfulness that he hath committed, and for his sin that he hath sinned, for these he shall die. Ezekiel 18:25. And ye say, "The way of the Lord is not right." Hear now, O house of Israel: Is my way not right? Is it not your ways that are not right? Ezekiel 18:26. If a righteous man turneth from his righteousness, and doeth wickedness, and dieth in consequence, he dieth for his wickedness that he hath done. - The proof that every one must bear his sin did not contain an exhaustive reply to the question, in what relation the righteousness of God stood to the sin of men? For the cases supposed in vv. 5-20 took for granted that there was a constant persistence in the course once taken, and overlooked the instances, which are by no means rare, when a man's course of life is entirely changed. It still remained, therefore, to take notice of such cases as these, and they are handled in Ezekiel 18:21-26. The ungodly man, who repents and turns, shall live; and the righteous man, who turns to the way of sin, shall die. "As the righteous man, who was formerly a sinner, is not crushed down by his past sins; so the sinner, who was once a righteous man, is not supported by his early righteousness. Every one will be judged in that state in which he is found" (Jerome). The motive for the pardon of the repenting sinner is given in Ezekiel 18:23, in the declaration that God has no pleasure in the death of the wicked man, but desires his conversion, that he may live. God is therefore not only just, but merciful and gracious, and punishes none with death but those who either will not desist from evil, or will not persevere in the way of His commandments. Consequently the complaint, that the way of the Lord, i.e., His conduct toward men, is not weighed (יתּכן, see comm. on 1 Samuel 2:3), i.e., not just and right, is altogether unfounded, and recoils upon those who make it. It it not God's ways, but the sinner's, that are wrong (Ezekiel 18:25). The proof of this, which Hitzig overlooks, is contained in the declarations made in Ezekiel 18:23 and Ezekiel 18:26, - viz. in the fact that God does not desire the death of the sinner, and in His mercy forgives the penitent all his former sins, and does not lay them to his charge; and also in the fact that He punishes the man who turns from the way of righteousness and gives himself up to wickedness, on account of the sin which he commits; so that He simply judges him according to his deeds. - In Ezekiel 18:24, ועשׂה is the continuation of the infinitive שׁוּב, and וחי is interrogatory, as in Ezekiel 18:13.

Ezekiel 19:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A lioness Judea, which possessed strength, courage, and sovereignty

Nahum 2:11,12 Where is the dwelling of the lions, and the feeding place of the young lions, where the lion, even the old lion, walked...

Zephaniah 3:1-4 Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!...

she lay Had confederacy with the neighbouring kings, and learned their manners.

her whelps The sons of Josiah, who learned to be oppressive tyrants from the surrounding princes

young lions

Job 4:11 The old lion perishes for lack of prey, and the stout lion's whelps are scattered abroad.

Psalm 58:6 Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O LORD.

Isaiah 5:29 Their roaring shall be like a lion, they shall roar like young lions: yes, they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey...

Isaiah 11:6-9 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid...

Zechariah 11:3 There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 33:22
And of Dan he said, "Dan is a lion's cub that leaps from Bashan."

Ezekiel 19:1
And you, take up a lamentation for the princes of Israel,

Ezekiel 19:3
And she brought up one of her cubs; he became a young lion, and he learned to catch prey; he devoured men.

Ezekiel 32:2
"Son of man, raise a lamentation over Pharaoh king of Egypt and say to him: "You consider yourself a lion of the nations, but you are like a dragon in the seas; you burst forth in your rivers, trouble the waters with your feet, and foul their rivers.

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