Ezekiel 19:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And you, take up a lamentation for the princes of Israel,

King James Bible
Moreover take thou up a lamentation for the princes of Israel,

American Standard Version
Moreover, take thou up a lamentation for the princes of Israel,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Moreover take thou up a lamentation for the princes of Israel,

English Revised Version
Moreover, take thou up a lamentation for the princes of Israel,

Webster's Bible Translation
Moreover take thou up a lamentation for the princes of Israel,

Ezekiel 19:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The son who avoids his father's sin will live; but the father will die for his own sins. - Ezekiel 18:14. And behold, he begetteth a son, who seeth all his father's sins which he doeth; he seeth them, and doeth not such things. Ezekiel 18:15. He eateth not upon the mountains, and lifteth not up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel; he defileth not his neighbour's wife, Ezekiel 18:16. And oppresseth no one; he doth not withhold a pledge, and committeth not robbery; giveth his bread to the hungry, and covereth the naked with clothes. Ezekiel 18:17. He holdeth back his hand from the distressed one, taketh not usury and interest, doeth my rights, walketh in my statutes; he will not die for the sin of his father; he shall live. Ezekiel 18:18. His father, because he hath practised oppression, committed robbery upon his brother, and hath done that which is not good in the midst of his people; behold, he shall die for his sin. Ezekiel 18:19. And do ye say, Why doth the son not help to bear the father's sin? But the son hath done right and righteousness, hath kept all my statutes, and done them; he shall live. Ezekiel 18:20. The soul that sinneth, it shall die. A son shall not help to bear the father's sin, and a father shall not help to bear the sin of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him. - The case supposed in these verses forms the antithesis to the preceding one; the father is the transgressor in this instance, and the son a keeper of the law. The subject to הוליד in Ezekiel 18:14 is not the righteous man described in Ezekiel 18:15, but a man who is described immediately afterwards as a transgressor of the commandments of God. The Chetib וירא bite in the last clause of Ezekiel 18:14 is not to be read ויּרא, καὶ φοβηθῇ, et timuerit, as it has been by the translators of the Septuagint and Vulgate; nor is it to be altered into ויּראה, as it has been by the Masoretes, to make it accord with Ezekiel 18:28; but it is the apocopated form ויּרא, as in the preceding clause, and the object is to be repeated from what precedes, as in the similar case which we find in Exodus 20:15, (18). Ewald and Hitzig propose to alter מעני in Ezekiel 18:17 into מעול after Ezekiel 18:8, but without the slightest necessity. The lxx are not to be taken as an authority for this, since the Chaldee and Syriac have both read and rendered עני; and Ezekiel, when repeating the same sentences, is accustomed to make variations in particular words. Holding back the hand from the distressed, is equivalent to abstaining from seizing upon him for the purpose of crushing him (compare Ezekiel 18:12); בּתוך, in the midst of his countrymen equals בּתוך עמּו, is adopted from the language of the Pentateuch. מת after הנּה is a participle. The question, "Why does the son not help to bear?" is not a direct objection on the part of the people, but is to be taken as a pretext, which the people might offer on the ground of the law, that God would visit the sin of the fathers upon the sons in justification of their proverb. Ezekiel cites this pretext for the purpose of meeting it by stating the reason why this does not occur. נשׂא ב, to carry, near or with, to join in carrying, or help to carry (cf. Numbers 11:17). This proved the proverb to be false, and confirmed the assertion made in Ezekiel 18:4, to which the address therefore returns (Ezekiel 18:20). The righteousness of the righteous man will come upon him, i.e., upon the righteous man, namely, in its consequences. The righteous man will receive the blessing of righteousness, but the unrighteous man the curse of his wickedness. There is no necessity for the article, which the Keri proposes to insert before רשׁע.

Ezekiel 19:1 Parallel Commentaries

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Ezekiel 19:14 And fire is gone out of a rod of her branches, which has devoured her fruit, so that she has no strong rod to be a scepter to rule...

Ezekiel 2:10 And he spread it before me; and it was written within and without: and there was written therein lamentations, and mourning, and woe.

Ezekiel 26:17 And they shall take up a lamentation for you, and say to you, How are you destroyed, that were inhabited of seafaring men...

Ezekiel 27:2 Now, you son of man, take up a lamentation for Tyrus;

Ezekiel 32:16,18 This is the lamentation with which they shall lament her: the daughters of the nations shall lament her: they shall lament for her...

Jeremiah 9:1,10,17,18 Oh that my head were waters, and my eyes a fountain of tears...

Jeremiah 13:17,18 But if you will not hear it, my soul shall weep in secret places for your pride; and my eye shall weep sore, and run down with tears...

the princes

2 Kings 23:29,30,34 In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him...

2 Kings 24:6,12 So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead...

2 Kings 25:5-7 And the army of the Chaldees pursued after the king, and overtook him in the plains of Jericho...

2 Chronicles 35:25 And Jeremiah lamented for Josiah: and all the singing men and the singing women spoke of Josiah in their lamentations to this day...

2 Chronicles 36:3,6,10 And the king of Egypt put him down at Jerusalem, and condemned the land in an hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold...

Jeremiah 22:10-12,18 Weep you not for the dead, neither bemoan him: but weep sore for him that goes away: for he shall return no more...

Jeremiah 22:19,28,30 He shall be buried with the burial of an donkey, drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem...

Jeremiah 24:1,8 The LORD showed me, and, behold, two baskets of figs were set before the temple of the LORD...

Jeremiah 52:10,11,25-27 And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah...

Lamentations 4:20 The breath of our nostrils, the anointed of the LORD, was taken in their pits, of whom we said...

Lamentations 5:12 Princes are hanged up by their hand: the faces of elders were not honored.

Cross References
2 Kings 23:29
In his days Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt went up to the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates. King Josiah went to meet him, and Pharaoh Neco killed him at Megiddo, as soon as he saw him.

2 Kings 23:30
And his servants carried him dead in a chariot from Megiddo and brought him to Jerusalem and buried him in his own tomb. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's place.

2 Kings 24:6
So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers, and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his place.

2 Kings 24:12
and Jehoiachin the king of Judah gave himself up to the king of Babylon, himself and his mother and his servants and his officials and his palace officials. The king of Babylon took him prisoner in the eighth year of his reign

2 Kings 25:5
But the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king and overtook him in the plains of Jericho, and all his army was scattered from him.

Ezekiel 2:10
And he spread it before me. And it had writing on the front and on the back, and there were written on it words of lamentation and mourning and woe.

Ezekiel 19:2
and say: What was your mother? A lioness! Among lions she crouched; in the midst of young lions she reared her cubs.

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