Exodus 28:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and the second row an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond;

King James Bible
And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.

American Standard Version
and the second row an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond;

Douay-Rheims Bible
In the second a carbuncle, a sapphire and a jasper.

English Revised Version
and the second row an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond;

Webster's Bible Translation
And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.

Exodus 28:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The precious stones were to be upon the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, stones of memorial for the sons of Israel; and Aaron was to bear their names before Jehovah upon his two shoulders for a memorial, i.e., that Jehovah might remember the sons of Israel when Aaron appeared before Him clothed with the ephod (cf. Exodus 28:29). As a shoulder-dress, the ephod was par excellence the official dress of the high priest. The burden of the office rested upon the shoulder, and the insignia of the office were also worn upon it (Isaiah 22:22). The duty of the high priest was to enter into the presence of God and made atonement for the people as their mediator. To show that as mediator he brought the nation to God, the names of the twelve tribes were engraved upon precious stones on the shoulders of the ephod. The precious stones, with their richness and brilliancy, formed the most suitable earthly substratum to represent the glory into which Israel was to be transformed as the possession of Jehovah (Exodus 19:5); whilst the colours and material of the ephod, answering to the colours and texture of the hangings of the sanctuary, indicated the service performed in the sanctuary by the person clothed with the ephod, and the gold with which the coloured fabric was worked, the glory of that service.

Exodus 28:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

emerald. Nophech, an emerald, the same with the ancient smaragdus; one of the most beautiful of all the gems, and of a bright green colour, without any mixture

Exodus 39:11 And the second row, an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.

Ezekiel 27:16 Syria was your merchant by reason of the multitude of the wares of your making: they occupied in your fairs with emeralds, purple...

sapphire

Exodus 24:10 And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone...

Job 28:6,16 The stones of it are the place of sapphires: and it has dust of gold...

Songs 5:14 His hands are as gold rings set with the beryl: his belly is as bright ivory overlaid with sapphires.

Ezekiel 1:26 And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone...

Ezekiel 10:1 Then I looked, and, behold...

Revelation 4:3 And he that sat was to look on like a jasper and a sardine stone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne...

diamond

Jeremiah 17:1 The sin of Judah is written with a pen of iron, and with the point of a diamond: it is graven on the table of their heart...

Ezekiel 28:13 You have been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was your covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl...

Cross References
Exodus 28:17
You shall set in it four rows of stones. A row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle shall be the first row;

Exodus 28:19
and the third row a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;

Exodus 39:11
and the second row, an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond;

Song of Solomon 5:14
His arms are rods of gold, set with jewels. His body is polished ivory, bedecked with sapphires.

Jump to Previous
Carbuncle Diamond Emerald Onyx Row Ruby Sapphire Second Turquoise
Jump to Next
Carbuncle Diamond Emerald Onyx Row Ruby Sapphire Second Turquoise
Links
Exodus 28:18 NIV
Exodus 28:18 NLT
Exodus 28:18 ESV
Exodus 28:18 NASB
Exodus 28:18 KJV

Exodus 28:18 Bible Apps
Exodus 28:18 Biblia Paralela
Exodus 28:18 Chinese Bible
Exodus 28:18 French Bible
Exodus 28:18 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Exodus 28:17
Top of Page
Top of Page