Exodus 28:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You shall set in it four rows of stones. A row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle shall be the first row;

King James Bible
And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, four rows of stones: a row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle shall be the first row;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou shalt set in it four rows of stones: in the first row shall be a sardius stone, and a topaz, and an emerald:

English Revised Version
And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, four rows of stones: a row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle shall be the first row;

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row.

Exodus 28:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Work of the engraver in stone, of seal-cutting shalt thou engrave the two stones according to the names of the sons of Israel." The engraver in stone: lit., one who works stones; here, one who cuts and polishes precious stones. The meaning is, that just as precious stones are cut, and seals engraved upon them, so these two stones were to be engraved according to the name of the sons of Israel, i.e., so that the engraving should answer to their names, or their names be cut into the stones. "Surrounded by gold-twist shalt thou make it." זהב משׁבּצות, from שׁבץ to twist, is used in Exodus 28:39 (cf. Psalm 45:14) for a texture woven in checks; and here it denotes not merely a simple gold-setting, but, according to Exodus 28:13, gold-twists or ornaments representing plaits, which surrounded the golden setting in which the stones were fixed, and not only served to fasten the stones upon the woven fabric, but formed at the same time clasps or brooches, by which the two parts of the ephod were fastened together. Thus Josephus says (Ant. iii. 7, 5) there were two sardonyxes upon the shoulders, to be used for clasps.

Exodus 28:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thou shalt

Exodus 28:9,11 And you shall take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel...

Exodus 39:10 And they set in it four rows of stones: the first row was a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this was the first row.

Malachi 3:17 And they shall be mine, said the LORD of hosts, in that day when I make up my jewels; and I will spare them...

set in it settings of stones. Heb. fill in its fillings of stone. the first row

Ezekiel 28:13 You have been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was your covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl...

Revelation 21:19-21 And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper...

a sardius or ruby. The Hebrew odem, from adam, to be red, ruddy, seems to denote the ruby; as adam does in Persian a beautiful gem, of a fine deep red colour, with a mixture of purple.

Job 28:18 No mention shall be made of coral, or of pearls: for the price of wisdom is above rubies.

Proverbs 3:15 She is more precious than rubies: and all the things you can desire are not to be compared to her.

Proverbs 8:11 For wisdom is better than rubies; and all the things that may be desired are not to be compared to it.

Proverbs 20:15 There is gold, and a multitude of rubies: but the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.

Proverbs 31:10 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies.

Lamentations 4:7 Her Nazarites were purer than snow, they were whiter than milk, they were more ruddy in body than rubies...

a topaz. Pitdah, is constantly rendered by the LXX and Vulgate with which agrees Josephus. The topaz is a precious stone, of a pale, dead green, with a mixture of yellow, sometimes of a fine yellow; and hence called chrysolyte by the moderns, from its gold colour

Job 28:19 The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

Revelation 21:20 The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolyte; the eighth...

a carbuncle. Bareketh, from barak, to lighten, glitter, a very elegant gem, of a deep red colour, with a mixture of scarlet

Isaiah 54:11,12 O you afflicted, tossed with tempest, and not comforted, behold, I will lay your stones with fair colors...

Cross References
Revelation 21:19
The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with every kind of jewel. The first was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald,

Exodus 28:16
It shall be square and doubled, a span its length and a span its breadth.

Exodus 28:18
and the second row an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond;

Exodus 39:10
And they set in it four rows of stones. A row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle was the first row;

Ezekiel 28:13
You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was your covering, sardius, topaz, and diamond, beryl, onyx, and jasper, sapphire, emerald, and carbuncle; and crafted in gold were your settings and your engravings. On the day that you were created they were prepared.

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