Exodus 22:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money equal to the bride-price for virgins.

King James Bible
If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

American Standard Version
If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If the maid's father will not give her to him, he shall give money according to the dowry, which virgins are wont to receive.

English Revised Version
If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

Webster's Bible Translation
If her father shall utterly refuse to give her to him, he shall pay money according to the dower of virgins.

Exodus 22:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

If an animal entrusted to a neighbour to take care of had either died or hurt itself (נשׁבּר, broken a limb), or been driven away by robbers when out at grass (1 Chronicles 5:21; 2 Chronicles 14:14, cf. Job 1:15, Job 1:17), without any one (else) seeing it, an oath was to be taken before Jehovah between both (the owner and the keeper of it), "whether he had not stretched out his hand to his neighbour's property," i.e., either killed, or mutilated, or disposed of the animal. This case differs from the previous one, not only in the fact that the animal had either become useless to the owner or was altogether lost, but also in the fact that the keeper, if his statement were true, had not been at all to blame in the matter. The only way in which this could be decided, if there was ראה אין, i.e., no other eye-witness present than the keeper himself at the time when the fact occurred, was by the keeper taking an oath before Jehovah, that is to say, before the judicial court. And if he took the oath, the master (owner) of it (the animal that had perished, or been lost or injured) was to accept (sc., the oath), and he (the accused) was not to make reparation. "But if it had been stolen מעמּו from with him (i.e., from his house or stable), he was to make it good," because he might have prevented this with proper care (cf. Genesis 31:39). On the other hand, if it had been torn in pieces (viz., by a beast of prey, while it was out at grass), he was not to make any compensation, but only to furnish a proof that he had not been wanting in proper care. עד יבאהוּ "let him bring it as a witness," viz., the animal that had been torn in pieces, or a portion of it, from which it might be seen that he had chased the wild beast to recover its prey (cf. 1 Samuel 17:34-35; Amos 3:12).

Exodus 22:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

utterly

Deuteronomy 7:3,4 Neither shall you make marriages with them; your daughter you shall not give to his son, nor his daughter shall you take to your son...

pay. Heb. weigh

Genesis 23:16 And Abraham listened to Ephron; and Abraham weighed to Ephron the silver, which he had named in the audience of the sons of Heth...

dowry of virgins

Genesis 34:12 Ask me never so much dowry and gift, and I will give according as you shall say to me: but give me the damsel to wife.

Deuteronomy 22:29 Then the man that lay with her shall give to the damsel's father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife...

1 Samuel 18:25 And Saul said, Thus shall you say to David, The king desires not any dowry, but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines...

Cross References
Genesis 30:20
Then Leah said, "God has endowed me with a good endowment; now my husband will honor me, because I have borne him six sons." So she called his name Zebulun.

Genesis 34:12
Ask me for as great a bride-price and gift as you will, and I will give whatever you say to me. Only give me the young woman to be my wife."

1 Samuel 18:25
Then Saul said, "Thus shall you say to David, 'The king desires no bride-price except a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, that he may be avenged of the king's enemies.'" Now Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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