Exodus 22:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
If it is torn by beasts, let him bring it as evidence. He shall not make restitution for what has been torn.

King James Bible
If it be torn in pieces, then let him bring it for witness, and he shall not make good that which was torn.

American Standard Version
If it be torn in pieces, let him bring it for witness: he shall not make good that which was torn.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If it were eaten by a beast, let him bring to him that which was slain, and he shall not make restitution.

English Revised Version
If it be torn in pieces, let him bring it for witness; he shall not make good that which was torn.

Webster's Bible Translation
If it shall be torn in pieces; then let him bring it for witness, and he shall not make good that which was torn.

Exodus 22:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In cases of dishonesty, or the loss of property entrusted, the following was to be the recognised right: If money or articles (כּלים, not merely tools and furniture, but clothes and ornaments, cf. Deuteronomy 22:5; Isaiah 61:10) given to a neighbour to keep should be stolen out of his house, the thief was to restore double if he could be found; but if he could not be discovered, the master of the house was to go before the judicial court (האלהים אל, see Exodus 21:6; אל נקרב to draw near to), to see "whether he has not stretched out his hand to his neighbour's goods." מלאכה: lit., employment, then something earned by employment, a possession. Before the judicial court he was to cleanse himself of the suspicion of having fraudulently appropriated what had been entrusted to him; and in most cases this could probably be only done by an oath of purification. The Sept. and Vulg. both point to this by interpolating καὶ ὀμεῖται, et jurabit ("and he shall swear"), though we are not warranted in supplying ויּשּׁבע in consequence. For, apart from the fact that אם־לא is not to be regarded as a particle of adjuration here, as Rosenmller supposes, since this particle signifies "truly" when employed in an oath, and therefore would make the declaration affirmative, whereas the oath was unquestionably to be taken as a release from the suspicion of fraudulent appropriation, and in case of confession an oath was not requisite at all; - apart from all this, if the lawgiver had intended to prescribe an oath for such a case, he would have introduced it here, just as he has done in Exodus 22:11. If the man could free himself before the court from the suspicion of unfaithfulness, he would of course not have to make compensation for what was lost, but the owner would have to bear the damage. This legal process is still further extended in Exodus 22:9 : על־כּל־דּבר־פּשׁע, "upon every matter of trespass" (by which we are to understand, according to the context, unfaithfulness with regard to, or unjust appropriation of, the property of another man, not only when it had been entrusted, but also if it had been found), "for ox, for ass, etc., or for any manner of lost thing, of which one says that it is this ("this," viz., the matter of trespass), the cause of both (the parties contending about the right of possession) shall come to the judicial court; and he whom the court (Elohim) shall pronounce guilty (of unjust appropriation) shall give double compensation to his neighbour: only double as in Exodus 22:4 and Exodus 22:7, not four or fivefold as in Exodus 22:1, because the object in dispute had not been consumed.

Exodus 22:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

torn in pieces

Ezekiel 4:14 Then said I, Ah Lord GOD! behold, my soul has not been polluted...

Amos 3:12 Thus said the LORD; As the shepherd takes out of the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear...

Micah 5:8 And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the middle of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest...

Nahum 2:12 The lion did tear in pieces enough for his whelps, and strangled for his lionesses, and filled his holes with prey...

let him bring it for witness. or, rather, let him bring' an evidence of the thing torn, such as the horns, hoofs, etc.

Cross References
Exodus 22:12
But if it is stolen from him, he shall make restitution to its owner.

Exodus 22:14
"If a man borrows anything of his neighbor, and it is injured or dies, the owner not being with it, he shall make full restitution.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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