Exodus 22:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
an oath by the LORD shall be between them both to see whether or not he has put his hand to his neighbor’s property. The owner shall accept the oath, and he shall not make restitution.

King James Bible
Then shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.

American Standard Version
the oath of Jehovah shall be between them both, whether he hath not put his hand unto his neighbor's goods; and the owner thereof shall accept it, and he shall not make restitution.

Douay-Rheims Bible
There shall be an oath between them, that he did not put forth his hand to his neighbour's goods: and the owner shall accept of the oath; and he shall not be compelled to make restitution.

English Revised Version
the oath of the LORD shall be between them both, whether he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner thereof shall accept it, and he shall not make restitution.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand to his neighbor's goods; and the owner of it shall accept of it, and he shall not make restitution.

Exodus 22:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Injury done to another man's field or corn was also to be made good by compensation for the injury done. If any one should consume a field or a vineyard, and let loose his beast, so that it fed in another man's field, he was to give the best of his field and vineyard as restitution. These words do not refer to wilful injury, for שׁלּח does not mean to drive in, but simply to let loose, set at liberty; they refer to injury done from carelessness, when any one neglected to take proper care of a beast that was feeding in his field, and it strayed in consequence, and began grazing in another man's. Hence simple compensation was all that was demanded; though this was to be made "from the best of his field," i.e., quicquid optimum habebit in agro vel vinea (Jerome).

(Note: The lxx have expanded this law by interpolating ἀποτίσει ἐκ τοῦ ἀγροῦ αὐτοῦ κατὰ τὸ γέννημα αὐτοῦ ἐὰν δὲ πάντα τὸν ἀγρὸν καταβοσκήσῃ before מיטב. And the Samaritan does the same. But this expansion is proved to be an arbitrary interpolation, by the simple fact that πάντα τὸν ἀγρόν forms no logical antithesis to ἀγρὸν ἕτερον.)

Exodus 22:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

an oath of the Lord

Leviticus 5:1 And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he has seen or known of it; if he do not utter it...

Leviticus 6:3 Or have found that which was lost, and lies concerning it, and swears falsely; in any of all these that a man does, sinning therein:

1 Kings 2:42,43 And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said to him, Did I not make you to swear by the LORD, and protested to you, saying...

Proverbs 30:9 Lest I be full, and deny you, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.

Hebrews 6:16 For men truly swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation is to them an end of all strife.

that he hath not

Exodus 22:8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought to the judges...

Exodus 23:1 You shall not raise a false report: put not your hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

Cross References
Hebrews 6:16
For people swear by something greater than themselves, and in all their disputes an oath is final for confirmation.

Exodus 22:10
"If a man gives to his neighbor a donkey or an ox or a sheep or any beast to keep safe, and it dies or is injured or is driven away, without anyone seeing it,

Exodus 22:12
But if it is stolen from him, he shall make restitution to its owner.

Ecclesiastes 8:2
I say: Keep the king's command, because of God's oath to him.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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