Exodus 12:49
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
There shall be one law for the native and for the stranger who sojourns among you.”

King James Bible
One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.

American Standard Version
One law shall be to him that is home-born, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The same law shall be to him that is born in the land, and to the proselyte that sojourneth with you.

English Revised Version
One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.

Webster's Bible Translation
One law shall be to him that is home-born, and to the stranger that sojourneth among you.

Exodus 12:49 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Regulations Concerning the Participants in the Passover. - These regulations, which were supplementary to the law of the Passover in Exodus 12:3-11, were not communicated before the exodus; because it was only by the fact that a crowd of foreigners attached themselves to the Israelites, that Israel was brought into a connection with foreigners, which needed to be clearly defined, especially so far as the Passover was concerned, the festival of Israel's birth as the people of God. If the Passover was still to retain this signification, of course no foreigner could participate in it. This is the first regulation. But as it was by virtue of a divine call, and not through natural descent, that Israel had become the people of Jehovah, and as it was destined in that capacity to be a blessing to all nations, the attitude assumed towards foreigners was not to be an altogether repelling one. Hence the further directions in Exodus 12:44 : purchased servants, who had been politically incorporated as Israel's property, were to be entirely incorporated by circumcision, so as even to take part in the Passover. But settlers, and servants working for wages, were not to eat of it, for they stood in a purely external relation, which might be any day dissolved. בּ אכל, lit., to eat at anything, to take part in the eating (Leviticus 22:11). The deeper ground fore this was, that in this meal Israel was to preserve and celebrate its unity and fellowship with Jehovah. This was the meaning of the regulations, which were repeated in Exodus 12:46 and Exodus 12:47 from Exodus 12:4, Exodus 12:9, and Exodus 12:10, where they had been already explained. If, therefore, a foreigner living among the Israelites wished to keep the Passover, he was first of all to be spiritually incorporated into the nation of Jehovah by circumcision (Exodus 12:48). פס ועשׂה: "And he has made (i.e., made ready) a passover to Jehovah, let every male be circumcised to him (i.e., he himself, and the male members of his house), and then he may draw near (sc., to Jehovah) to keep it." The first עשׂה denotes the wish or intention to do it, the second, the actual execution of the wish. The words בּן־נכר, גּר, תּושׁב and שׂכיר, are all indicative of non-Israelites. בּן־נכר was applied quite generally to any foreigner springing from another nation; גּר was a foreigner living for a shorter or longer time in the midst of the Israelites; תּושׁב, lit., a dweller, settler, was one who settled permanently among the Israelites, without being received into their religious fellowship; שׂכיר was the non-Israelite, who worked for an Israelite for wages.

Exodus 12:49 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 24:22 You shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger, as for one of your own country: for I am the LORD your God.

Numbers 9:14 And if a stranger shall sojourn among you, and will keep the passover to the LORD; according to the ordinance of the passover...

Numbers 15:15,16,29 One ordinance shall be both for you of the congregation, and also for the stranger that sojournes with you...

Galatians 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for you are all one in Christ Jesus.

Colossians 3:11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all...

Cross References
Exodus 12:50
All the people of Israel did just as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron.

Leviticus 24:22
You shall have the same rule for the sojourner and for the native, for I am the LORD your God."

Numbers 9:14
And if a stranger sojourns among you and would keep the Passover to the LORD, according to the statute of the Passover and according to its rule, so shall he do. You shall have one statute, both for the sojourner and for the native."

Numbers 15:15
For the assembly, there shall be one statute for you and for the stranger who sojourns with you, a statute forever throughout your generations. You and the sojourner shall be alike before the LORD.

Numbers 15:16
One law and one rule shall be for you and for the stranger who sojourns with you."

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