Esther 1:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Queen Vashti also gave a feast for the women in the palace that belonged to King Ahasuerus.

King James Bible
Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus.

American Standard Version
Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Also Vasthi the queen made a feast for the women in the palace, where king Assuerus was used to dwell.

English Revised Version
Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus.

Webster's Bible Translation
Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus.

Esther 1:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"In the third year of his reign he made a feast to all his princes and his servants, when the forces of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, were before him." משׁתּה עשׂה, to make, to prepare, i.e., to give, a feast; comp. Genesis 21:8. The princes and the servants are, all who were assembled about him in Susa. These are specified in the words which follow as חיל פ. We might supply ל before חיל from the preceding words, (viz.) the forces, etc.; but this would not suit the לפניו at the end of the verse. For this word shows that an independent circumstantial clause begins with חיל, which is added to call attention to the great number of princes and servants assembled at Susa (Bertheau): the forces of Persia ... were before him: when they were before him. By חיל, the host, the forces, Bertheau thinks the body-guard of the king, which, according to Herod. vii. 40, consisted of 2000 selected horsemen, 2000 lancers, and 10,000 infantry, is intended. There is, however, no adequate reason for limiting חיל to the body-guard. It cannot, indeed, be supposed that the whole military power of Persia and Media was with the king at Susa; but חיל without כּל can only signify an lite of the army, perhaps the captains and leaders as representing it, just as "the people" is frequently used for "the representatives of the people." The Persians and Medes are always named together as the two kindred races of the ruling nation. See Daniel 6:9, who, however, as writing in the reign of Darius the Mede, places the Medes first and the Persians second, while the contrary order is observed here when the supremacy had been transferred to the Persians by Cyrus. On the form פּרס, see rem. on Ezra 1:1. After the mention of the forces, the Partemim, i.e., nobles, magnates (see on Daniel 1:3), and the princes of the provinces are named as the chief personages of the civil government.

Esther 1:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the queen.

Esther 5:4,8 And Esther answered, If it seem good to the king, let the king and Haman come this day to the banquet that I have prepared for him...

Cross References
Ezra 4:6
And in the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, they wrote an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.

Esther 1:8
And drinking was according to this edict: "There is no compulsion." For the king had given orders to all the staff of his palace to do as each man desired.

Esther 1:10
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha and Abagtha, Zethar and Carkas, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of King Ahasuerus,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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