Ecclesiastes 3:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I said in my heart with regard to the children of man that God is testing them that they may see that they themselves are but beasts.

King James Bible
I said in mine heart concerning the estate of the sons of men, that God might manifest them, and that they might see that they themselves are beasts.

American Standard Version
I said in my heart, It is because of the sons of men, that God may prove them, and that they may see that they themselves are but as beasts.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I said in my heart concerning the sons of men, that God would prove them, and shew them to be like beasts.

English Revised Version
I said in mine heart, It is because of the sons of men, that God may prove them, and that they may see that they themselves are but as beasts.

Webster's Bible Translation
I said in my heart concerning the state of the sons of men, that God might manifest them, and that they might see that they themselves are beasts.

Ecclesiastes 3:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Thus I then perceived that among them (men) there is nothing better than to enjoy themselves, and indulge themselves in their life." The resignation would acquire a reality if לע טוב meant "to do good," i.e., right (lxx, Targ., Syr., Jer., Venet.); and this appears of necessity to be its meaning according to Ecclesiastes 7:20. But, with right, Ginsburg remarks that nowhere else - neither at Ecclesiastes 2:24, nor Ecclesiastes 3:22; Ecclesiastes 5:17; Ecclesiastes 8:15; Ecclesiastes 9:7 - is this moral rendering given to the ultimatum; also טוב ור, 13a, presupposes for לע טוב a eudemonistic sense. On the other hand, Zckler is right in saying that for the meaning of עשות תוב, in the sense of "to be of good cheer" (Luth.), there is no example. Zirkel compares εὖ πράττειν, and regards it as a Graecism. But it either stands ellipt. for לע לו טוב ( equals להיטיב לו), or, with Grtz, we have to read טוב לראות; in any case, an ethical signification is here excluded by the nearest connection, as well as by the parallels; it is not contrary to the view of Koheleth, but this is not the place to express it. Bam is to be understood after baadam, Ecclesiastes 2:24. The plur., comprehending men, here, as at Ecclesiastes 3:11, wholly passes over into the individualizing sing.

But this enjoyment of life also, Koheleth continues, this advisedly the best portion in the limited and restrained condition of man, is placed beyond his control: -

Ecclesiastes 3:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

concerning

Genesis 3:17-19 And to Adam he said, Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten of the tree, of which I commanded you, saying...

Job 14:1-4 Man that is born of a woman is of few days and full of trouble...

Job 15:16 How much more abominable and filthy is man, which drinks iniquity like water?

Psalm 49:14,19,20 Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning...

Psalm 73:18,19 Surely you did set them in slippery places: you cast them down into destruction...

Psalm 90:5-12 You carry them away as with a flood; they are as a sleep: in the morning they are like grass which grows up...

Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed to men once to die, but after this the judgment:

1 Peter 1:24 For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass wither, and the flower thereof falls away:

that God

Job 40:8 Will you also cancel my judgment? will you condemn me, that you may be righteous?

Psalm 51:4 Against you, you only, have I sinned, and done this evil in your sight: that you might be justified when you speak...

Romans 3:4 God forbid: yes, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That you might be justified in your sayings...

Romans 9:23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had before prepared to glory,

and that

Psalm 73:22 So foolish was I, and ignorant: I was as a beast before you.

2 Peter 2:12 But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not...

Cross References
Psalm 49:12
Man in his pomp will not remain; he is like the beasts that perish.

Psalm 49:20
Man in his pomp yet without understanding is like the beasts that perish.

Psalm 73:22
I was brutish and ignorant; I was like a beast toward you.

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