Deuteronomy 10:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He executes justice for the fatherless and the widow, and loves the sojourner, giving him food and clothing.

King James Bible
He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.

American Standard Version
He doth execute justice for the fatherless and widow, and loveth the sojourner, in giving him food and raiment.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He doth judgment to the fatherless and the widow, loveth the stranger, and giveth him food and raiment.

English Revised Version
He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.

Webster's Bible Translation
He executeth the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.

Deuteronomy 10:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The proof that Israel had no righteousness before God is followed on the positive side by an expansion of the main law laid down in Deuteronomy 6:4., to love God with all the heart, which is introduced by the words, "and now Israel," sc., now that thou hast everything without desert or worthiness, purely from forgiving grace. "What doth the Lord thy God require of thee?" Nothing further than that thou fearest Him, "to walk in all His ways, and to love Him, and to serve Him with all the heart and all the soul." אם כּי, unless, or except that, presupposes a negative clause (cf. Genesis 39:9), which is implied here in the previous question, or else to be supplied as the answer. The demand for fear, love, and reverence towards the Lord, is no doubt very hard for the natural man to fulfil, and all the harder the deeper it goes into the heart; but after such manifestations of the love and grace of God, it only follows as a matter of course. "Fear, love, and obedience would naturally have taken root of themselves within the heart, if man had not corrupted his own heart." Love, which is the only thing demanded in Deuteronomy 6:5, is here preceded by fear, which is the only thing mentioned in Deuteronomy 5:26 and Deuteronomy 6:24.

(Note: The fear of God is to be united with the love of God; for love without fear makes men remiss, and fear without love makes them servile and desperate (J. Gerhard).)

The fear of the Lord, which springs from the knowledge of one's own unholiness in the presence of the holy God, ought to form the one leading emotion in the heart prompting to walk in all the ways of the Lord, and to maintain morality of conduct in its strictest form. This fear, which first enables us to comprehend the mercy of God, awakens love, the fruit of which is manifested in serving God with all the heart and all the soul (see Deuteronomy 6:5). "For thy good," as in Deuteronomy 5:30 and Deuteronomy 6:24.

Deuteronomy 10:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

doth

Psalm 68:5 A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in his holy habitation.

Psalm 103:6 The LORD executes righteousness and judgment for all that are oppressed.

Psalm 146:9 The LORD preserves the strangers; he relieves the fatherless and widow: but the way of the wicked he turns upside down.

Isaiah 1:17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.

Jeremiah 49:11 Leave your fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let your widows trust in me.

Hosea 14:3 Asshur shall not save us; we will not ride on horses: neither will we say any more to the work of our hands, You are our gods...

loveth

Psalm 145:9 The LORD is good to all: and his tender mercies are over all his works.

Matthew 5:45 That you may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he makes his sun to rise on the evil and on the good...

Acts 14:17 Nevertheless he left not himself without witness, in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons...

Cross References
Exodus 22:22
You shall not mistreat any widow or fatherless child.

Exodus 22:23
If you do mistreat them, and they cry out to me, I will surely hear their cry,

Numbers 10:32
And if you do go with us, whatever good the LORD will do to us, the same will we do to you."

Deuteronomy 27:19
"'Cursed be anyone who perverts the justice due to the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow.' And all the people shall say, 'Amen.'

2 Chronicles 19:7
Now then, let the fear of the LORD be upon you. Be careful what you do, for there is no injustice with the LORD our God, or partiality or taking bribes."

Psalm 68:5
Father of the fatherless and protector of widows is God in his holy habitation.

Psalm 146:9
The LORD watches over the sojourners; he upholds the widow and the fatherless, but the way of the wicked he brings to ruin.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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