Amos 2:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Thus says the LORD: “For three transgressions of Judah, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they have rejected the law of the LORD, and have not kept his statutes, but their lies have led them astray, those after which their fathers walked.

King James Bible
Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Judah, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have despised the law of the LORD, and have not kept his commandments, and their lies caused them to err, after the which their fathers have walked:

American Standard Version
Thus saith Jehovah: For three transgressions of Judah, yea, for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have rejected the law of Jehovah, and have not kept his statutes, and their lies have caused them to err, after which their fathers did walk:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thus saith the Lord: For three crimes of Juda, and for four I will not convert him: because he hath cast away the law of the Lord, and hath not kept his commandments: for their idols have caused them to err, after which their fathers have walked.

English Revised Version
Thus saith the LORD: For three transgressions of Judah, yea, for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have rejected the law of the LORD, and have not kept his statutes, and their lies have caused them to err, after the which their fathers did walk:

Webster's Bible Translation
Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Judah, and for four, I will not turn away their punishment: because they have despised the law of the LORD, and have not kept his commandments, and their lies caused them to err, after which their fathers have walked:

Amos 2:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

After the threatening of punishment has thus been extended in Hosea 10:8, even to the utter ruin of the kingdom, the prophet returns in Hosea 10:9 to the earlier times, for the purpose of exhibiting in a new form and deeply rooted sinfulness of the people, and then, under cover of an appeal to them to return to righteousness, depicting still further the time of visitation, and (in Hosea 10:14, Hosea 10:15) predicting with still greater clearness the destruction of the kingdom and the overthrow of the monarchy. Hosea 10:9. "Since the days of Gibeah hast thou sinned, O Israel: there have they remained: the war against the sons of wickedness did not overtake them at Gibeah. Hosea 10:10. According to my desire shall I chastise them; and nations will be gathered together against them, to bind them to their two transgressions." Just as in Hosea 9:9, the days of Gibeah, i.e., the days when that ruthless crime was committed at Gibeah upon the concubine of the Levite, are mentioned as a time of deep corruption; so are those days described in the present passage as the commencement of Israel's sin. For it is as obvious that מיממי is not to be understood in a comparative sense, as it is that the days of Gibeah are not to be taken as referring to the choice of Saul, who sprang from Gibeah, to be their king (Chald.). The following words, שׁם עמדוּ גגו, which are very difficult, and have been variously explained, do not describe the conduct of Israel in those days; for, in the first place, the statement that the war did not overtake them is by no means in harmony with this, since the other tribes avenged that crime so severely that the tribe of Benjamin was almost exterminated; and secondly, the suffix attached to תּשּׂיגם evidently refers to the same persons as that appended to אסּ'רם in Hosea 9:10, i.e., to the Israelites of the ten tribes, to which Hosea foretels the coming judgment. These are therefore the subject to עמדוּ, and consequently עמד signifies to stand, to remain, to persevere (cf. Isaiah 47:12; Jeremiah 32:14). There, in Gibeah, did they remain, that is to say, they persevered in the sin of Gibeah, without the war at Gibeah against the sinners overtaking them (the imperfect, in a subordinated clause, used to describe the necessary consequence; and עלוה transposed from עולה mo, like זעוה in Deuteronomy 28:25 for זועה). The meaning is, that since the days of Gibeah the Israelites persist in the same sin as the Gibeahites; but whereas those sinners were punished and destroyed by the war, the ten tribes still live on in the same sin without having been destroyed by any similar war. Jehovah will now chastise them for it. בּאוּתי, in my desire, equivalent to according to my wish - an anthropomorphic description of the severity of the chastisement. ואסּ'רם from יסר (according to Ewald, 139, a), with the Vav of the apodosis. The chastisement will consist in the fact, that nations will be gathered together against Israel בּאסרם, lit., at their binding, i.e., when I shall bind them. The chethib עינתם cannot well be the plural of עין, because the plural עינות is not used for the eyes; and the rendering, "before their two eyes," in the sense of "without their being able to prevent it" (Ewald), yields the unheard-of conception of binding a person before his own eyes; and, moreover, the use of שׁתּי עינות instead of the simple dual would still be left unexplained. We must therefore give the preference to the keri עונת, and regard the chethib as another form, that may be accounted for from the transition of the verbs עי into עו, and עונת as a contraction of עונת, since עונה cannot be shown to have either the meaning of "sorrow" (Chald., A. E.), or that of the severe labour of "tributary service." And, moreover, neither of these meanings would give us a suitable thought; whilst the very same objection may be brought against the supposition that the doubleness of the work refers to Ephraim and Judah, which has been brought against the rendering "to bind to his furrows," viz., that it would be non solum ineptum, sed locutionis monstrum. לשׁתּי עונתם, "to their two transgression" to bind them: i.e., to place them in connection with the transgressions by the punishment, so that they will be obliged to drag them along like beasts of burden. By the two transgressions we are to understand neither the two golden calves at Bethel and Daniel (Hitzig), nor unfaithfulness towards Jehovah and devotedness to idols, after Jeremiah 2:13 (Cyr., Theod.); but their apostasy from Jehovah and the royal house of David, in accordance with Hosea 3:5, where it is distinctly stated that the ultimate conversion of the nation will consist in its seeking Jehovah and David their king.

Amos 2:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For.

Deuteronomy 31:16-18 And the LORD said to Moses, Behold, you shall sleep with your fathers; and this people will rise up...

Deuteronomy 32:15-27 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: you are waxen fat, you are grown thick, you are covered with fatness...

Judah.

Amos 3:2 You only have I known of all the families of the earth: therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities.

2 Kings 17:19 Also Judah kept not the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made.

Jeremiah 9:25,26 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will punish all them which are circumcised with the uncircumcised...

Hosea 5:12,13 Therefore will I be to Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness...

Hosea 6:11 Also, O Judah, he has set an harvest for you, when I returned the captivity of my people.

Hosea 12:2 The LORD has also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways...

because.

Leviticus 26:14,15 But if you will not listen to me, and will not do all these commandments...

Judges 2:17-20 And yet they would not listen to their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves to them...

2 Samuel 12:9,10 Why have you despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? you have killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword...

2 Kings 22:11-17 And it came to pass, when the king had heard the words of the book of the law, that he rent his clothes...

2 Chronicles 36:14-17 Moreover all the chief of the priests, and the people, transgressed very much after all the abominations of the heathen...

Nehemiah 1:7 We have dealt very corruptly against you, and have not kept the commandments, nor the statutes, nor the judgments...

Nehemiah 9:26,29,30 Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against you, and cast your law behind their backs...

Isaiah 5:24,25 Therefore as the fire devours the stubble, and the flame consumes the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness...

Jeremiah 8:9 The wise men are ashamed, they are dismayed and taken: see, they have rejected the word of the LORD; and what wisdom is in them?

Ezekiel 16:1-63 Again the word of the LORD came to me, saying...

Ezekiel 20:13,16,24 But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness: they walked not in my statutes, and they despised my judgments...

Ezekiel 22:8 You have despised my holy things, and have profaned my sabbaths.

Ezekiel 23:11-21 And when her sister Aholibah saw this, she was more corrupt in her inordinate love than she...

Daniel 9:5-12 We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled...

1 Thessalonians 4:8 He therefore that despises, despises not man, but God, who has also given to us his holy Spirit.

and their.

Isaiah 9:15,16 The ancient and honorable, he is the head; and the prophet that teaches lies, he is the tail...

Isaiah 28:15 Because you have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement...

Isaiah 44:20 He feeds on ashes: a deceived heart has turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say...

Jeremiah 16:19,20 O LORD, my strength, and my fortress, and my refuge in the day of affliction, the Gentiles shall come to you from the ends of the earth...

Jeremiah 23:13-15,25-32 And I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria; they prophesied in Baal, and caused my people Israel to err...

Jeremiah 28:15,16 Then said the prophet Jeremiah to Hananiah the prophet, Hear now, Hananiah; The LORD has not sent you...

Ezekiel 13:6-16,22 They have seen vanity and lying divination, saying, The LORD said: and the LORD has not sent them...

Ezekiel 22:28 And her prophets have daubed them with untempered mortar, seeing vanity, and divining lies to them, saying, Thus said the Lord GOD...

Habakkuk 2:18 What profits the graven image that the maker thereof has graven it; the molten image, and a teacher of lies...

Romans 1:25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.

after.

Judges 2:11-17 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim...

Judges 10:6 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria...

2 Chronicles 30:7 And be not you like your fathers, and like your brothers, which trespassed against the LORD God of their fathers...

Jeremiah 8:2 And they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all the host of heaven, whom they have loved, and whom they have served...

Jeremiah 9:14 But have walked after the imagination of their own heart, and after Baalim, which their fathers taught them:

Ezekiel 20:13,16,18,24,30 But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness: they walked not in my statutes, and they despised my judgments...

1 Peter 1:18 For as much as you know that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold...

Cross References
Judges 2:17
Yet they did not listen to their judges, for they whored after other gods and bowed down to them. They soon turned aside from the way in which their fathers had walked, who had obeyed the commandments of the LORD, and they did not do so.

2 Kings 17:19
Judah also did not keep the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in the customs that Israel had introduced.

2 Kings 22:11
When the king heard the words of the Book of the Law, he tore his clothes.

Isaiah 9:15
the elder and honored man is the head, and the prophet who teaches lies is the tail;

Isaiah 9:16
for those who guide this people have been leading them astray, and those who are guided by them are swallowed up.

Isaiah 28:15
Because you have said, "We have made a covenant with death, and with Sheol we have an agreement, when the overwhelming whip passes through it will not come to us, for we have made lies our refuge, and in falsehood we have taken shelter";

Jeremiah 6:19
Hear, O earth; behold, I am bringing disaster upon this people, the fruit of their devices, because they have not paid attention to my words; and as for my law, they have rejected it.

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