Amos 2:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“But you made the Nazirites drink wine, and commanded the prophets, saying, ‘You shall not prophesy.’

King James Bible
But ye gave the Nazarites wine to drink; and commanded the prophets, saying, Prophesy not.

American Standard Version
But ye gave the Nazirites wine to drink, and commanded the prophets, saying, Prophesy not.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And you will present wine to the Nazarites: and command the prophets, saying: Prophesy not.

English Revised Version
But ye gave the Nazirites wine to drink; and commanded the prophets, saying, Prophesy not.

Webster's Bible Translation
But ye gave the Nazarites wine to drink; and commanded the prophets, saying, Prophesy not.

Amos 2:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The prophet goes back a third time (cf. Hosea 10:1; Hosea 9:10) to the early times of Israel, and shows how the people had repaid the Lord, for all the proofs of His love, with nothing but ingratitude and unfaithfulness; so that it would have merited utter destruction from off the earth, if God should not restrain His wrath for the sake of His unchangeable faithfulness, in order that, after severely chastening, He might gather together once more those that were rescued from among the heathen. Hosea 11:1. "When Israel was young, then I loved him, and I called my son out of Egypt. Hosea 11:2. Men called to them; so they went away from their countenance: they offer sacrifice to the Baals, and burn incense to the idols." Hosea 11:1 rests upon Exodus 4:22-23, where the Lord directs Moses to say to Pharaoh, "Israel is my first-born son; let my son go, that he may serve me." Israel was the son of Jehovah, by virtue of its election to be Jehovah's peculiar people (see at Exodus 4:22). In this election lay the ground for the love which God showed to Israel, by bringing it out of Egypt, to give it the land of Canaan, promised to the fathers for its inheritance. The adoption of Israel as the son of Jehovah, which began with its deliverance out of the bondage of Egypt, and was completed in the conclusion of the covenant at Sinai, forms the first stage in the carrying out of the divine work of salvation, which was completed in the incarnation of the Son of God for the redemption of mankind from death and ruin. The development and guidance of Israel as the people of God all pointed to Christ; not, however, in any such sense as that the nation of Israel was to bring forth the son of God from within itself, but in this sense, that the relation which the Lord of heaven and earth established and sustained with that nation, was a preparation for the union of God with humanity, and paved the way for the incarnation of His Son, by the fact that Israel was trained to be a vessel of divine grace. All essential factors in the history of Israel point to this as their end, and thereby become types and material prophecies of the life of Him in whom the reconciliation of man to God was to be realized, and the union of God with the human race to be developed into a personal unity. It is in this sense that the second half of our verse is quoted in Matthew 2:15 as a prophecy of Christ, not because the words of the prophet refer directly and immediately to Christ, but because the sojourn in Egypt, and return out of that land, had the same significance in relation to the development of the life of Jesus Christ, as it had to the nation of Israel. Just as Israel grew into a nation in Egypt, where it was out of the reach of Canaanitish ways, so was the child Jesus hidden in Egypt from the hostility of Herod. But Hosea 11:2 is attached thus as an antithesis: this love of its God was repaid by Israel with base apostasy. קראוּ, they, viz., the prophets (cf. Hosea 11:7; 2 Kings 17:13; Jeremiah 7:25; Jeremiah 25:4; Zechariah 1:4), called to them, called the Israelites to the Lord and to obedience to Him; but they (the Israelites) went away from their countenance, would not hearken to the prophets, or come to the Lord (Jeremiah 2:31). The thought is strengthened by כּן, with the כּאשׁר of the protasis omitted (Ewald, 360, a): as the prophets called, so the Israelites drew back from them, and served idols. בּעלים as in Hosea 2:15, and פּסלים as in 2 Kings 17:41 and Deuteronomy 7:5, Deuteronomy 7:25 (see at Exodus 20:4).

Amos 2:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

ye gave.

Exodus 32:21-23 And Moses said to Aaron, What did this people to you, that you have brought so great a sin on them...

wine.

Numbers 6:3 He shall separate himself from wine and strong drink, and shall drink no vinegar of wine, or vinegar of strong drink...

and commanded.

Amos 7:12,13 Also Amaziah said to Amos, O you seer, go, flee you away into the land of Judah, and there eat bread, and prophesy there...

Isaiah 30:10,11 Which say to the seers, See not; and to the prophets, Prophesy not to us right things, speak to us smooth things, prophesy deceits...

Jeremiah 11:21 Therefore thus said the LORD of the men of Anathoth, that seek your life, saying, Prophesy not in the name of the LORD...

Jeremiah 26:11 Then spoke the priests and the prophets to the princes and to all the people, saying, This man is worthy to die...

Micah 2:6 Prophesy you not, say they to them that prophesy: they shall not prophesy to them, that they shall not take shame.

Matthew 21:34-38 And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the farmers, that they might receive the fruits of it...

Acts 4:18 And they called them, and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus.

Acts 5:28 Saying, Did not we straightly command you that you should not teach in this name? and, behold...

Acts 7:51 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do you.

1 Thessalonians 2:15,16 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men...

Cross References
Numbers 6:2
"Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When either a man or a woman makes a special vow, the vow of a Nazirite, to separate himself to the LORD,

Isaiah 30:10
who say to the seers, "Do not see," and to the prophets, "Do not prophesy to us what is right; speak to us smooth things, prophesy illusions,

Jeremiah 11:21
Therefore thus says the LORD concerning the men of Anathoth, who seek your life, and say, "Do not prophesy in the name of the LORD, or you will die by our hand"--

Jeremiah 35:5
Then I set before the Rechabites pitchers full of wine, and cups, and I said to them, "Drink wine."

Amos 7:13
but never again prophesy at Bethel, for it is the king's sanctuary, and it is a temple of the kingdom."

Amos 7:16
Now therefore hear the word of the LORD. "You say, 'Do not prophesy against Israel, and do not preach against the house of Isaac.'

Micah 2:6
"Do not preach"--thus they preach-- "one should not preach of such things; disgrace will not overtake us."

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