1 Timothy 5:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
(No longer drink only water, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments.)

King James Bible
Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities.

American Standard Version
Be no longer a drinker of water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Do not still drink water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake, and thy frequent infirmities.

English Revised Version
Be no longer a drinker of water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities.

Webster's Bible Translation
Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake, and thy frequent infirmities.

Weymouth New Testament


1 Timothy 5:23 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Drink no longer water (μηκέτι ὑδροπότει)

The verb N.T.o. olxx. Rend. be no longer a drinker of water. Timothy is not enjoined to abstain from water, but is bidden not to be a water-drinker, entirely abstaining from wine. The kindred noun ὑδροπότης is used by Greek comic writers to denote a mean-spirited person. See Aristoph. Knights, 319.

But use a little wine (ἀλλὰ οἴνῳ ὀλίγῳ χρῶ)

The reverse antithesis appears in Hdt. i. 171, of the Persians: οὐκ οἴνῳ διαχρέονται ἀλλ' ὑδροποτέουσι they do not indulge in wine but are water-drinkers. Comp. Plato, Repub. 561 C, τοτὲ μεν μεθύων - αὖθις δὲ ὑδροποτῶν sometimes he is drunk - then he is for total-abstinence. With a little wine comp. much wine, 1 Timothy 3:8; Titus 2:3.

For thy stomach's sake (διὰ στόμαχον)

Στόμαχος N.T.o. olxx. The appearance at this point of this dietetic prescription, if it is nothing more, is sufficiently startling; which has led to some question whether the verse may not have been misplaced. If it belongs here, it can be explained only as a continuation of the thought in 1 Timothy 5:22, to the effect that Timothy is to keep himself pure by not giving aid and comfort to the ascetics, and imperilling his own health by adopting their rules of abstinence. Observe that οἶνος here, as everywhere else, means wine, fermented and capable of intoxicating, and not a sweet syrup made by boiling down grape-juice, and styled by certain modern reformers "unfermented wine." Such a concoction would have tended rather to aggravate than to relieve Timothy's stomachic or other infirmities.

Thine often infirmities (τὰς πυκνάς σου ἀσθενείας)

This use of often as an adjective appears in earlier English. So Chaucer: "Ofte sythes" or "tymes ofte," many times. Shakespeare: "In which my often rumination wraps me in a most humorous sadness" (As you like it, IV. i. 19). And

Ben Jonson:

"The jolly wassal walks the often round."

The Forest, iii.

Even Tennyson:

"Wrench'd or broken limb - an often chance

In those brain-stunning shocks and tourney-falls."

continued...

1 Timothy 5:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Timothy 3:3 Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;

1 Timothy 4:4 For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving:

Leviticus 10:9-11 Do not drink wine nor strong drink, you, nor your sons with you, when you go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest you die...

Psalm 104:15 And wine that makes glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengthens man's heart.

Proverbs 31:4-7 It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink...

Ezekiel 44:21 Neither shall any priest drink wine, when they enter into the inner court.

Ephesians 5:18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;

Titus 1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not self-willed, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker...

Titus 2:3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behavior as becomes holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine...

Cross References
Acts 18:5
When Silas and Timothy arrived from Macedonia, Paul was occupied with the word, testifying to the Jews that the Christ was Jesus.

1 Timothy 3:8
Deacons likewise must be dignified, not double-tongued, not addicted to much wine, not greedy for dishonest gain.

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