1 Kings 5:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
besides Solomon’s 3,300 chief officers who were over the work, who had charge of the people who carried on the work.

King James Bible
Beside the chief of Solomon's officers which were over the work, three thousand and three hundred, which ruled over the people that wrought in the work.

American Standard Version
besides Solomon's chief officers that were over the work, three thousand and three hundred, who bare rule over the people that wrought in the work.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Besides the overseers who were over every work, in number three thousand, and three hundred that ruled over the people, and them that did the work.

English Revised Version
besides Solomon's chief officers that were over the work, three thousand and three hundred, which bare rule over the people that wrought in the work.

Webster's Bible Translation
Besides the chief of Solomon's officers who were over the work, three thousand and three hundred, who ruled over the people that wrought in the work.

1 Kings 5:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Hiram then sent to Solomon, and promised in writing (בּכתב, 2 Chronicles 2:10) to comply with his wishes. אלי שׁלחתּ אשׁר את, "that which thou hast sent to me," i.e., hast asked of me by messenger. ברושׁים are not firs, but cypresses. "My servants shall bring down (the trees) from Lebanon to the sea, and I will make them into rafts (i.e., bind them into rafts and have them floated) upon the sea to the place which thou shalt send (word) to me, and will take them (the rafts) to pieces there, and thou wilt take (i.e., fetch them thence)." The Chronicles give Yafo, i.e., Joppa, Jaffa, the nearest harbour to Jerusalem on the Mediterranean Sea, as the landing-place (see at Joshua 19:46). "And thou wilt do all my desire to give bread for my house," i.e., provisions to supply the wants of the king's court. "The שׂכר mentioned in 1 Kings 5:6 was also to be paid" (Thenius). This is quite correct; but Thenius is wrong when he proceeds still further to assert, that the chronicler erroneously supposed this to refer to the servants of Hiram who were employed in working the wood. There is not a word of this kind in the Chronicles; but simply Solomon's promise to Hiram (1 Kings 5:9): "with regard to the hewers (the fellers of the trees), I give thy servants wheat 20,000 cors, and barley 20,000 cors, and wine 20,000 baths, and oil 20,000 baths." This is omitted in our account, in which the wages promised in 1 Kings 5:6 to the Sidonian fellers of wood are not more minutely defined. On the other hand, the payment for the wood delivered by Solomon to Hiram, which is not mentioned in the Chronicles, is stated here in 1 Kings 5:11. "Solomon gave Hiram 20,000 cors of wheat as food (מכּלת, a contraction of מאכלת, from אכל; cf. Ewald, 79, b.) for his house (the maintenance of his royal court), and 20 cors of beaten oil; this gave Solomon to Hiram year by year," probably as long as the delivery of the wood or the erection of Solomon's buildings lasted. These two accounts are so clear, that Jac. Capp., Gramt., Mov., Thenius, and Bertheau, who have been led by critical prejudices to confound them with one another, and therefore to attempt to emend the one from the other, are left quite alone. For the circumstance that the quantity of wheat, which Solomon supplied to Hiram for his court, was just the same as that which he gave to the Sidonian workmen, does not warrant our identifying the two accounts. The fellers of the trees also received barley, wine, and oil in considerable quantities; whereas the only other thing which Hiram received for his court was oil, and that not common oil, but the finest olive oil, namely 20 cors of כּתית שׁמן, i.e., beaten oil, the finest kind of oil, which was obtained from the olives when not quite ripe by pounding them in mortars, and which had not only a whiter colour, but also a purer flavour than the common oil obtained by pressing from the ripe olives (cf. Celsii Hierobot. ii. pp. 349f., and Bhr, Symbolik, i. p. 419). Twenty cors were 200 baths, i.e., according to the calculations of Thenius, about ten casks (1 cask equals 6 pails; 1 pail equals 72 cans). If we bear in mind that this was the finest kind of oil, we cannot speak of disproportion to the quantity of wheat delivered. Thenius reckons that 20,000 cors of wheat were about 38,250 Dresden scheffeln (? sacks).

1 Kings 5:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

three thousand In the parallel passage of Chronicles, it is `three thousand six hundred,' which is also the reading of the Septuagint her.

1 Kings 9:23 These were the chief of the officers that were over Solomon's work, five hundred and fifty...

2 Chronicles 2:2 And Solomon told out three score and ten thousand men to bear burdens, and fourscore thousand to hew in the mountain...

Cross References
1 Kings 9:23
These were the chief officers who were over Solomon's work: 550 who had charge of the people who carried on the work.

2 Chronicles 2:2
And Solomon assigned 70,000 men to bear burdens and 80,000 to quarry in the hill country, and 3,600 to oversee them.

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Addition Apart Authority Besides Bore Carried Charge Chief Chiefs Deputies Directed Foremen Heads Hundred Labored Officers Oversee Overseers Project Responsible Rule Ruled Solomon Solomon's Supervised Thirty-Three Thousand Three Work Wrought
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Addition Apart Authority Besides Bore Carried Charge Chief Chiefs Deputies Directed Foremen Heads Hundred Labored Officers Oversee Overseers Project Responsible Rule Ruled Solomon Solomon's Supervised Thirty-Three Thousand Three Work Wrought
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