1 Kings 5:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Solomon also had 70,000 burden-bearers and 80,000 stonecutters in the hill country,

King James Bible
And Solomon had threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens, and fourscore thousand hewers in the mountains;

American Standard Version
And Solomon had threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens, and fourscore thousand that were hewers in the mountains;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Solomon had seventy thousand to carry burdens, and eighty thousand to hew stones in the mountain:

English Revised Version
And Solomon had threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens, and fourscore thousand that were hewers in the mountains;

Webster's Bible Translation
And Solomon had seventy thousand that bore burdens, and eighty thousand hewers in the mountains;

1 Kings 5:15 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Hiram then sent to Solomon, and promised in writing (בּכתב, 2 Chronicles 2:10) to comply with his wishes. אלי שׁלחתּ אשׁר את, "that which thou hast sent to me," i.e., hast asked of me by messenger. ברושׁים are not firs, but cypresses. "My servants shall bring down (the trees) from Lebanon to the sea, and I will make them into rafts (i.e., bind them into rafts and have them floated) upon the sea to the place which thou shalt send (word) to me, and will take them (the rafts) to pieces there, and thou wilt take (i.e., fetch them thence)." The Chronicles give Yafo, i.e., Joppa, Jaffa, the nearest harbour to Jerusalem on the Mediterranean Sea, as the landing-place (see at Joshua 19:46). "And thou wilt do all my desire to give bread for my house," i.e., provisions to supply the wants of the king's court. "The שׂכר mentioned in 1 Kings 5:6 was also to be paid" (Thenius). This is quite correct; but Thenius is wrong when he proceeds still further to assert, that the chronicler erroneously supposed this to refer to the servants of Hiram who were employed in working the wood. There is not a word of this kind in the Chronicles; but simply Solomon's promise to Hiram (1 Kings 5:9): "with regard to the hewers (the fellers of the trees), I give thy servants wheat 20,000 cors, and barley 20,000 cors, and wine 20,000 baths, and oil 20,000 baths." This is omitted in our account, in which the wages promised in 1 Kings 5:6 to the Sidonian fellers of wood are not more minutely defined. On the other hand, the payment for the wood delivered by Solomon to Hiram, which is not mentioned in the Chronicles, is stated here in 1 Kings 5:11. "Solomon gave Hiram 20,000 cors of wheat as food (מכּלת, a contraction of מאכלת, from אכל; cf. Ewald, 79, b.) for his house (the maintenance of his royal court), and 20 cors of beaten oil; this gave Solomon to Hiram year by year," probably as long as the delivery of the wood or the erection of Solomon's buildings lasted. These two accounts are so clear, that Jac. Capp., Gramt., Mov., Thenius, and Bertheau, who have been led by critical prejudices to confound them with one another, and therefore to attempt to emend the one from the other, are left quite alone. For the circumstance that the quantity of wheat, which Solomon supplied to Hiram for his court, was just the same as that which he gave to the Sidonian workmen, does not warrant our identifying the two accounts. The fellers of the trees also received barley, wine, and oil in considerable quantities; whereas the only other thing which Hiram received for his court was oil, and that not common oil, but the finest olive oil, namely 20 cors of כּתית שׁמן, i.e., beaten oil, the finest kind of oil, which was obtained from the olives when not quite ripe by pounding them in mortars, and which had not only a whiter colour, but also a purer flavour than the common oil obtained by pressing from the ripe olives (cf. Celsii Hierobot. ii. pp. 349f., and Bhr, Symbolik, i. p. 419). Twenty cors were 200 baths, i.e., according to the calculations of Thenius, about ten casks (1 cask equals 6 pails; 1 pail equals 72 cans). If we bear in mind that this was the finest kind of oil, we cannot speak of disproportion to the quantity of wheat delivered. Thenius reckons that 20,000 cors of wheat were about 38,250 Dresden scheffeln (? sacks).

1 Kings 5:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

threescore These were all strangers, or proselytes, dwelling among the israelites, as we learn from the paralled place in 2 Chron.

1 Kings 9:20-22 And all the people that were left of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites...

2 Chronicles 2:17,18 And Solomon numbered all the strangers that were in the land of Israel...

2 Chronicles 8:7-9 As for all the people that were left of the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites...

Ezra 2:58 All the Nethinims, and the children of Solomon's servants, were three hundred ninety and two.

Nehemiah 7:57,60 The children of Solomon's servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Perida...

Cross References
Joshua 9:21
And the leaders said to them, "Let them live." So they became cutters of wood and drawers of water for all the congregation, just as the leaders had said of them.

1 Kings 9:20
All the people who were left of the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, who were not of the people of Israel--

2 Chronicles 2:2
And Solomon assigned 70,000 men to bear burdens and 80,000 to quarry in the hill country, and 3,600 to oversee them.

2 Chronicles 2:17
Then Solomon counted all the resident aliens who were in the land of Israel, after the census of them that David his father had taken, and there were found 153,600.

2 Chronicles 2:18
Seventy thousand of them he assigned to bear burdens, 80,000 to quarry in the hill country, and 3,600 as overseers to make the people work.

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Bare Bore Burdens Carriers Country Cutters Eighty Fourscore Hewers Hewing Hill Hills Mountain Mountains Seventy Solomon Stone Stonecutters Ten Thousand Threescore Transport Work
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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