1 Chronicles 5:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The members of the half-tribe of Manasseh lived in the land. They were very numerous from Bashan to Baal-hermon, Senir, and Mount Hermon.

King James Bible
And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan unto Baalhermon and Senir, and unto mount Hermon.

American Standard Version
And the children of the half-tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan unto Baal-hermon and Senir and mount Hermon.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the children of the half tribe of Manasses possessed the land, from the borders of Basan unto Baal, Hermon, and Sanir, and mount Hermon, for their number was great.

English Revised Version
And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan unto Baal-hermon and Senir and mount Hermon.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan to Baal-hermon and Senir, and to mount Hermon.

1 Chronicles 5:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"And these (כּלּם, all the families of Gad, not merely those mentioned in 1 Chronicles 5:13.) were registered in the days of Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel." These two kings did not reign contemporaneously, for Jotham ascended the throne in Judah twenty-five years after the death of Jeroboam of Israel. Here, therefore, two different registrations must be referred to, and that carried on under Jotham is mentioned first, because Judah had the legitimate kingship. That set on foot by Jeroboam was probably undertaken after that king had restored all the ancient boundaries of the kingdom of Israel, 2 Kings 14:25. King Jotham of Judah could prepare a register of the Gadites only if a part of the trans-Jordanic tribes had come temporarily under his dominion. As to any such event, indeed, we have no accurate information, but the thing in itself is not unlikely. For as the death of Jeroboam II was followed by complete anarchy in the kingdom of the ten tribes, and one ruler overthrew the other, until at last Pekah succeeded in holding the crown for ten years, while in Judah until Pekah ascended the throne of Israel Uzziah reigned, and raised his kingdom to greater power and prosperity, the southern part of the trans-Jordanic land might very well have come for a time under the sway of Judah. At such a time Jotham may have carried out an assessment and registration of the Gadites, until his contemporary Pekah succeeded, with the help of the Syrian king Rezin, in taking from the king of Judah the dominion over Gilead, and in humbling the kingdom of Judah in the reign of Ahaz.

1 Chronicles 5:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Manasseh.

Genesis 41:51 And Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh: For God, said he, has made me forget all my toil, and all my father's house.

Bashan.

Numbers 21:33 And they turned and went up by the way of Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he, and all his people...

Joshua 12:4 And the coast of Og king of Bashan, which was of the remnant of the giants, that dwelled at Ashtaroth and at Edrei,

1 Kings 4:13 The son of Geber, in Ramothgilead; to him pertained the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead...

Baal-hermon.

Joshua 13:29-31 And Moses gave inheritance to the half tribe of Manasseh...

Judges 3:3 Namely, five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelled in mount Lebanon...

Senir. i.e., coat of mail; bear the lamp; pointed

1 Chronicles 5:23 And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelled in the land: they increased from Bashan to Baalhermon and Senir...

Ezekiel 27:5 They have made all your ship boards of fir trees of Senir: they have taken cedars from Lebanon to make masts for you.

Also

Deuteronomy 3:9 (Which Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion; and the Amorites call it Shenir;)

Songs 4:8 Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon: look from the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon...

Shenir.

(1) A mountain in the north of Canaan, near Hermon,

1 Chronicles 5:23 And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelled in the land: they increased from Bashan to Baalhermon and Senir...

;

Ezekiel 27:5 They have made all your ship boards of fir trees of Senir: they have taken cedars from Lebanon to make masts for you.

. Rendered Shenir,

Deuteronomy 3:9 (Which Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion; and the Amorites call it Shenir;)

;

Songs 4:8 Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon: look from the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon...

.

(2) The Amorite name of Hermon,

Deuteronomy 3:9 (Which Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion; and the Amorites call it Shenir;)

; in

Songs 4:8 Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon: look from the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon...

, Senir and Hermon are distinguished, each probably eing a distinct peak of the giant mountain.

mount Hermon.

Deuteronomy 3:8,9 And we took at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites the land that was on this side Jordan...

Deuteronomy 4:48 From Aroer, which is by the bank of the river Arnon, even to mount Sion, which is Hermon,

Joshua 13:11 And Gilead, and the border of the Geshurites and Maachathites, and all mount Hermon, and all Bashan to Salcah;

Psalm 133:3 As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended on the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing...

Songs 4:8 Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon: look from the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 3:9
(the Sidonians call Hermon Sirion, while the Amorites call it Senir),

1 Chronicles 5:24
These were the heads of their fathers' houses: Epher, Ishi, Eliel, Azriel, Jeremiah, Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty warriors, famous men, heads of their fathers' houses.

Song of Solomon 4:8
Come with me from Lebanon, my bride; come with me from Lebanon. Depart from the peak of Amana, from the peak of Senir and Hermon, from the dens of lions, from the mountains of leopards.

Ezekiel 27:5
They made all your planks of fir trees from Senir; they took a cedar from Lebanon to make a mast for you.

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