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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

pur'-sus, pur'-se-us (Perseus): In 1 Maccabees 8:5 the conquest of "Perseus, king of the Citims" (the Revised Version (British and American) "king of Chittim") was part of the "fame of the Romans" which reached the ears of Judas. This Perseus, the son and successor of Philip III of Macedonia, came to the throne in 178 B.C. and was the last king of Maccedonia. In 171 B.C. began the war with Rome which ended in his disastrous defeat and capture at Pydna, 168 B.C. (to which 1 Maccabees 8:5 refers), by L. Aemilius Paulus. Macedonia soon became a Roman province. Perseus was led to Rome to grace the triumph of his conqueror, by whose clemency he was spared, and died in captivity at Rome (Polyb. xxix. 17; Livy xliv. 40;).

Kittim or Chittim, properly of the people of the town of Citium in Cyprus, then signifying Cyprians, and extended by Jewish writers (Genesis 10:4 Numbers 24:24 Isaiah 23:1 Jeremiah 2:10 Ezekiel 27:6 Daniel 11:30; Josephus, Ant, I, vi) to include the coasts of Greece generally, is here applied to Maccdonia. In 1 Maccabees 1:1 Macedonia (or Greece) is called "the land of Chittim."

S. Angus


Trypho Compares Jesus with Perseus; and Would Prefer [To Say] that ...
... Chapter LXVII."Trypho compares Jesus with Perseus; and would prefer [to say] that
He was elected [to be Christ] on account of observance of the law. ...
/.../chapter lxvii trypho compares jesus with.htm

Symbol of the Creature; and of Spirit; and of the Different Orders ...
... But Aratus says, near this (constellation) is Cepheus, and Cassiepea, and Andromeda,
and Perseus, great lineaments of the creation to those who are able to ...
/.../the refutation of all heresies/chapter xlix symbol of the creature.htm

Catalogue of the Argive Kings.
... Inachus, Phoroneus, Apis, Criasis, Triopas, Argeius, Phorbas, Crotopas, Sthenelaus,
Danaus, Lynceus, Proetus, Abas, Acrisius, Perseus, Sthenelaus, Eurystheus ...
/.../tatian/tatians address to the greeks/chapter xxxix catalogue of the argive.htm

Other Shameful Actions Ascribed to Heathen Deities. All Prove that ...
... those born of his adulteries, contriving the deification as a veil for his lawlessness:
such as Dionysus, Heracles, the Dioscuri, Hermes, Perseus, and Soteira.2 ...
/.../select works and letters or athanasius/section 12 other shameful actions.htm

The Philosophers
... But men thought Perseus so unhappy in being no longer king, because the condition
of kingship implied his being always king, that they thought it strange that ...
// vi the philosophers.htm

But as to those who Think that not Here...
... But if I should urgently demand that those heavenly men be described to me, Aratus
will sketch more easily Perseus and Cepheus, and Erigone, and Ariadne, among ...
/.../tertullian/scorpiace antidote for the scorpions sting/chapter x but as to.htm

The Poets are Unfit to be Religious Teachers.
... thus,. Nor sweet Acrisian Danaƫ, from whom. Sprang Perseus, noblest of the
race of man; Nor Phoenix' daughter fair, of whom were born. ...
/.../justins hortatory address to the greeks/chapter iithe poets are unfit.htm

Reasons Why Divinity Has Been Ascribed to Men.
... They were the first"); [816]. and others for their strength, as Heracles
and Perseus; and others for their art, as Asclepius? Those ...
/.../athenagoras/a plea for the christians/chapter xxx reasons why divinity has.htm

The Constellations and the Genii Very Indifferent Gods the Roman ...
... [1057] I suppose your Castors, and Perseus, and Erigona, [1058] have just the same
claims for the honours of the sky as Jupiter's own big boy [1059] had. ...
/.../tertullian/ad nationes/chapter xv the constellations and the.htm

Origin of Heathen Mythology.
... heard it said by the other prophet Isaiah, that He should be born of a virgin, and
by His own means ascend into heaven, they pretended that Perseus was spoken ...
/.../justin/the first apology of justin/chapter liv origin of heathen mythology.htm

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A Grecian legendary hero, son of Jupiter and Danae, who slew the Gorgon Medusa.

2. (n.) A constellation of the northern hemisphere, near Taurus and Cassiopeia. It contains a star cluster visible to the naked eye as a nebula.

...PERSEUS. ... This Perseus, the son and successor of Philip III of Macedonia, came
to the throne in 178 BC and was the last king of Maccedonia. ...
/p/perseus.htm - 8k

Macedonia (23 Occurrences)
... 3. Roman Conquest: In 179 Philip was succeeded by his son Perseus, who at once renewed
the Roman alliance, but set to work to consolidate and extend his power. ...
/m/macedonia.htm - 40k

Philip (37 Occurrences)
... He died in 179, and was succeeded by his son Perseus, last king of Macedonia, who
lost his crown in his contest with the Romans. See PERSEUS. J. Hutchison. ...
/p/philip.htm - 32k


/p/persepolis.htm - 7k

Perseverance (27 Occurrences)

/p/perseverance.htm - 18k

Thessalonica (8 Occurrences)
... and wealthy. In the war between Perseus and the Romans it appears as the
headquarters of the Macedonian navy (Livy xliv. 10) and ...
/t/thessalonica.htm - 25k

... Eumenes II cultivated the Roman alliance carefully but became suspected in connection
with the affairs of Perseus, the last king of Macedonia. ...
/e/eumenes.htm - 7k

Tarsus (5 Occurrences)
... Strabo says that it owed its rise to the Argives who with Triptolemus wandered in
search of Io (xiv.673), while others spoke of Heracles or Perseus as the ...
/t/tarsus.htm - 30k

Joppa (14 Occurrences)
... In time of storm the passage is dangerous. On one of these rocks Perseus is
said to have rescued the chained Andromeda from the dragon. ...
/j/joppa.htm - 17k



Related Terms

Macedonia (23 Occurrences)

Philip (37 Occurrences)


Perseverance (27 Occurrences)

Thessalonica (8 Occurrences)


Tarsus (5 Occurrences)

Joppa (14 Occurrences)

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