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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

per-sep'-o-lis (2 Maccabees 9:2; Persepolis, Persaipolis, in Ptolemy Persopolis; original Persian name unknown; Pahlavi Stakhr, now Ictakhr and Shihil Minar, "Forty Turrets"):

1. Location:

The ruins of Persepolis lie about 35 miles Northeast of Shiraz and some 40 miles South of the ruins of Pasargadae.

2. History:

The magnificent palace of which such striking remains are still visible (Takht i Jamshid) was built by Darius and Xerxes of white marble and black stone. The city was captured, pillaged and burnt by Alexander in 324 B.C., most of the inhabitants being massacred or enslaved. Much of the treasure of the Persian kings was found there. Curtius says the palace was never rebuilt. Antioehus Epiphanes (166 B.C.) tried but failed to plunder the temple (of Anaitis, Anihita?) there (2 Maccabees 9:2; perhaps this is the incident referred to in 1 Maccabees 6:1;, and Polyb. xxxi.11). At Persepolis were the sepulchers of the Achemenian kings (except Cyrus). Long and important inscriptions of Darius and Xerxes are found at Persepolis and the neighboring Naqsh i Rustam, in cuneiform characters and in the Aehaemenian Persian, Assyrian and neo-Susian tongues (published by Spiegel, Rawlinson and Weisbaeh). Clitarehus first among Europeans mentions the city. The writer of this article visited it in 1892. Not now inhabited.


Inscriptions (as above), Arrian, Curtius, Polybius, Pliny, Diod. Siculus, medieval and modern travelers.

W. St. Clair Tisdall


The Medes and the Second Chaldaean Empire
... A ROYAL CHARIOT]. Drawn by Boudier, from a photograph of the bas-relief
from Persepolis now in the British Museum. The first person ...
/.../chapter iiithe medes and the.htm

The Last Days of the Old Eastern World
... Persepolis, and Susa; Persian architecture and sculpture; court life, the king and
his harem"Revolutions in the palace"Xerxes I., Sekudianos, Darius II ...
/.../chapter iithe last days of.htm

Book 11 Footnotes
... of Persia, is attested to by the writers of the affairs of Alexander the Great,
when they agree that he found Cyrus's sepulcher at Pasargadae, near Persepolis. ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/book 11 footnotes.htm

Hiram, the Inspired Artificer
... lily-work. At Persepolis there still stands a pillar, the cornice of which
is carved with three rows of lily leaves. These pillars ...
/.../milligan/men of the bible some lesser-known/hiram the inspired artificer.htm

The Last Days of the Old Eastern World
... His choice lay between Susa and Persepolis, between Ecbatana and Babylon, according
as the heat of the summer or the cold of the winter induced him to pass ...
/.../chapter iithe last days of 2.htm

Book 9 Footnotes
... of the sepulchers of the kings of Persia at this tower, or those perhaps of the
same sort that are now commonly called the ruins of Persepolis, continued so ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/book 9 footnotes.htm

The Iranian Conquest
... one of which was consigned to the archives of the empire, the other laid up in the
treasury of a fortress, either Shapigan, Shizigan, Samarcand, or Persepolis ...
/.../chapter ithe iranian conquest.htm

Smith's Bible Dictionary

mentioned only in 2 Macc. 9:2, was the capital of Persia proper, and the occasional residence of the Persian court from the time of Darius Hystaspes, who seems to have been its founder, to the invasion of Alexander. Its wanton destruction by that conqueror is well known. Its site is now called the Chehl-Minar , or Forty Pillars. Here, on a platform hewn out of the solid rock the sides of which face the four cardinal points, are the remains of two great palaces, built respectively by Darius Hytaspes and his son Xerxes, besides a number of other edifices, chiefly temples. They are of great extent and magnificence, covering an area of many acres.

... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia PERSEPOLIS. ... xxxi.11). At Persepolis were
the sepulchers of the Achemenian kings (except Cyrus). ...
/p/persepolis.htm - 7k

Persia (30 Occurrences)
... Its chief cities were Persepolis and Pasargadae. Along the Persian Gulf the land
is low, hot and unhealthy, but it soon begins to rise as one travels inland. ...
/p/persia.htm - 20k

Persecutors (14 Occurrences)

/p/persecutors.htm - 10k


/p/perseus.htm - 8k

Persian (4 Occurrences)
... Alvand, Persepolis, Naqsh i Rustam, etc., and one at Suez, the latter mentioning
his conquest of Egypt and the construction of the first (?) Suez canal: Adam ...
/p/persian.htm - 45k

... It is characteristically Egyptian, and is also seen at Persepolis (Gwilt's Encyclopedia,
22), and although neither might have been bor rowed from the other ...
/a/architecture.htm - 28k

Nineveh (23 Occurrences)
... Other cities which had perished, as Palmyra, Persepolis, and Thebes, had left ruins
to Mark their sites and tell of their former greatness; but of this city ...
/n/nineveh.htm - 52k

Teresh (2 Occurrences)
... King Ahasuerus. Oppert compares the name with Tiri-dates, the name of the
governor of Persepolis in the time of Alexander. Another ...
/t/teresh.htm - 8k

Macedonia (23 Occurrences)
... Babylon, Susa, Persepolis and Ecbatana were taken in turn, and Alexander then pressed
eastward through Hyrcania, Aria, Arachosia, Bactria and Sogdiana to India ...
/m/macedonia.htm - 40k

Attitudes (1 Occurrence)
... The same custom prevailed not only among the Persians, as is evident from the Book
of Esther and the monuments at Persepolis, but also in Babylonia, Assyria ...
/a/attitudes.htm - 20k



Related Terms

Persia (30 Occurrences)

Persecutors (14 Occurrences)


Persian (4 Occurrences)


Nineveh (23 Occurrences)

Teresh (2 Occurrences)

Macedonia (23 Occurrences)

Attitudes (1 Occurrence)

Ancient (64 Occurrences)

Literature (2 Occurrences)

Language (112 Occurrences)

Esther (48 Occurrences)

Book (211 Occurrences)

Religion (23 Occurrences)

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