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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

parch'-ment (membrana (2 Timothy 4:13)): The word "parchment "which occurs only once (2 Timothy 4:13), is derived from Latin pergamena (Greek Pergamene), i.e. pertaining to Pergamum, the name of an ancient city in Asia Minor where, it is believed, parchment was first used. Parchment is made from the skins of sheep, goats or young calves. The hair and fleshy portions of the skin are removed as in tanning by first soaking in lime and then dehairing, scraping and washing. The skin is then stretched on a frame and treated with powdered chalk, or other absorptive agent, to remove the fatty substances, and is then dried. It is finally given a smooth surface by rubbing with powdered pumice. Parchment was extensively used at the time of the early Christians for scrolls, legal documents, etc., having replaced papyrus for that purpose. It was no doubt used at even a much earlier time. The roll mentioned in Jeremiah 36 may have been of parchment. Scrolls were later replaced by codices of the same material. After the arabs introduced paper, parchment was still used for centuries for the book bindings. Diplomas printed on "sheepskins," still issued by many universities, represent the survival of an ancient use of parchment. See following article.

James A. Patch

3200. membrana -- parchment
... parchment. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: membrana Phonetic Spelling:
(mem-bran'-ah) Short Definition: a parchment leaf Definition: a parchment ...
// - 6k

5440. phulakterion -- an outpost, fortification, an amulet
... Phonetic Spelling: (foo-lak-tay'-ree-on) Short Definition: a phylactery, an amulet
Definition: a phylactery, an amulet, a parchment capsule containing little ...
// - 7k


Uncorrupt Preservation of the Gospel Narratives.
... most important materials for writing in ancient times were the paper made of the
Egyptian papyrus plant"whence the word paper"and parchment, prepared from ...
/.../barrows/companion to the bible/chapter iii uncorrupt preservation of.htm

... volume contains the "Tome" (which in the 8th and 9th centuries used to be read in
the Church offices before Christmas): (2) 3828, a parchment (10th century ...
// of leo the great/manuscripts.htm

The New Testament Text and Its History.
... 5. Respecting the materials for writing in ancient times"papyrus and parchment,
afterwards paper made from linen or cotton; the form of manuscripts"the ...
/.../barrows/companion to the bible/chapter xxvi the new testament.htm

... The same parchment which contained this fragment also contained a fragment of the
Revelation of Peter and a fragment of the Book of Enoch in Greek. ...
// gospel of peter/introduction.htm

The Regenerating Work of the Holy Spirit.
... Paul is drawing a contrast between the Word of God outside of us, written with ink
upon parchment or graven on tables of stone, and the Word of God written ...
/.../the person and work of the holy spirit/chapter ix the regenerating work.htm

The Writing of an Ancient Book
... When Jehoiakim, the son of Josiah, had been ruler for four years, this message came
to Jeremiah from Jehovah, "Take a parchment roll and write on it all the ...
/.../sherman/the childrens bible/the writing of an ancient.htm

Letter xv. (AD 390. )
... (ad390.) To Romanianus Augustin Sends Greeting. 1. This letter indicates a scarcity
of paper, [1469] but not so as to testify that parchment is plentiful here. ...
/.../augustine/the confessions and letters of st/letter xv a d 390.htm

Whether Christ's Passion is to be Attributed to his Godhead?
... For suppose a prince to speak by word of mouth, and that his words are committed
to writing on a parchment and sent out to the cities, and that some rebel ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether christs passion is to.htm

The Restoration of the Jews.
... and frequented part of the city. The prophecy thus dictated was inscribed upon
a roll of parchment. Baruch waited, when he had completed ...
/.../ the great/chapter ix the restoration of.htm

Of the Purifications.
... priests set the woman at the gates that are turned towards the temple, and took
the veil from her head, and wrote the name of God on parchment, and enjoined ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 11 of the purifications.htm

Smith's Bible Dictionary


ATS Bible Dictionary


Easton's Bible Dictionary
A skin prepared for writing on; so called from Pergamos (q.v.), where this was first done (2 Timothy 4:13).
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The skin of a lamb, sheep, goat, young calf, or other animal, prepared for writing on. See Vellum.

2. (n.) The envelope of the coffee grains, inside the pulp.

... pulp. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. PARCHMENT. parch ... first used. Parchment
is made from the skins of sheep, goats or young calves. ...
/p/parchment.htm - 8k

Pergamos (1 Occurrence)
...Parchment (qv) was first made here, and was called by the Greeks pergamene, from
the name of the city. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. PERGAMOS; PERGAMUM. ...
/p/pergamos.htm - 12k

Pergamum (2 Occurrences)
... The books were of parchment which was here first used; hence, the word "parchment,"
which is derived from the name of the town Pergamos. ...
/p/pergamum.htm - 12k

Parchments (1 Occurrence)
... writing on (2 Timothy 4:13). In Greek and Roman times parchment was much
employed as a writing material. "At Rome, in the 1st century ...
/p/parchments.htm - 10k

Samaritan (8 Occurrences)
... His description (Nablus and the Modern Samaritans, 312) is that "the roll is of
parchment, written in columns, 13 inches deep, and 7 1/2 inches wide. ...
/s/samaritan.htm - 42k

Frontlets (3 Occurrences)
... These they called tephillin, ie, "prayers." The passages so written out on strips
of parchment were these, Exodus 12:2-10; 13:11-21; Deuteronomy 6:4-9; 11:18-21 ...
/f/frontlets.htm - 9k

Tanner (3 Occurrences)
... skins. The skins for pouches are either tawed, ie tanned with a mineral
salt like alum, or treated like parchment (see PARCHMENT). ...
/t/tanner.htm - 11k

... 2. (n.) A small square box, made either of parchment or of black calfskin, containing
slips of parchment or vellum on which are written the scriptural passages ...
/p/phylactery.htm - 13k

Phylacteries (2 Occurrences)
... defences" or "protections"), called by modern Jews tephillin (ie, "prayers") are
mentioned only in Matthew 23:5. They consisted of strips of parchment on which ...
/p/phylacteries.htm - 8k

Roll (57 Occurrences)
... wrap round on itself; to form into a spherical or cylindrical body by causing to
turn over and over; as, to roll a sheet of paper; to roll parchment; to roll ...
/r/roll.htm - 33k



Parchment: General Scriptures Concerning

Related Terms

Pergamos (1 Occurrence)

Pergamum (2 Occurrences)

Parchments (1 Occurrence)

Samaritan (8 Occurrences)

Frontlets (3 Occurrences)

Tanner (3 Occurrences)


Phylacteries (2 Occurrences)

Roll (57 Occurrences)

Parched (37 Occurrences)


Leaf (20 Occurrences)

Leaves (55 Occurrences)


Letter (112 Occurrences)

Follower (8 Occurrences)

Record (71 Occurrences)

Door (249 Occurrences)

Deed (71 Occurrences)

Doorposts (15 Occurrences)

Door-posts (11 Occurrences)

Patmos (1 Occurrence)

Bull (114 Occurrences)

Cloak (73 Occurrences)

Cloke (7 Occurrences)

Curious (18 Occurrences)

Curse (211 Occurrences)



Scroll (70 Occurrences)



Stone (290 Occurrences)

Moabite (13 Occurrences)

Peter (181 Occurrences)

Crafts (2 Occurrences)


Ethiopia (26 Occurrences)

Nineveh (23 Occurrences)

House (20110 Occurrences)


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