Jump to: Hitchcock'sSmith'sATSISBEEaston'sConcordanceThesaurusGreekLibrarySubtopicsTerms
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

gab'-a-tha: Given (John 19:13) as the name of a special pavement (to lithostroton), and is probably a transcription in Greek of the Aramaic gabhetha', meaning "height" or "ridge."

Tradition which now locates the Pretorium at the Antonia and associates the triple Roman arch near there with the "Ecce Homo" scene, naturally identifies an extensive area of massive Roman pavement, with blocks 4 ft. x 3 1/2 ft. and 2 ft. thick, near the "Ecce Homo Arch," as the Gabbatha.

This paved area is in places roughened for a roadway, and in other places is marked with incised designs for Roman games of chance. The site is a lofty one, the ground falling away rapidly to the East and West, and it must have been close to, or perhaps included in, the Antonia. But apart from the fact that it is quite improbable that the Pretorium was here (see PRAETORIUM), it is almost certain that the lithostroton was a mosaic pavement (compare Esther 1:6), such as was very common in those days, and the site is irretrievably lost.

E. W. G. Masterman

1042. Gabbatha -- stone pavement
... 1041, 1042. Gabbatha. 1043 . stone pavement. Part of Speech: Proper Noun,
Indeclinable Transliteration: Gabbatha Phonetic Spelling ...
// - 6k

Jesus Condemned to be Crucified.
... This tribunal was called Gabbatha; it was a kind of round terrace, ascended by means
of staircases; on the top was a seat for Pilate, and behind this seat a ...
/.../chapter xxix jesus condemned to.htm

Following Christ
... Think of these three words, and try to measure what they mean"Gethsemane"Gabbatha"
Golgotha. Let those three words awaken your adoring memories. ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 62 1916/following christ.htm

Justification by Grace
... Jesus; and ye will confess it was not at Olivet that ye ever found comfort, not
on the hill of Sinai, nor on Tabor; but Gethsemane, Gabbatha, and Golgotha have ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 3 1857/justification by grace.htm

Of the Hour of the Lord's Passion, and of the Question Concerning ...
... that John has stated that it was about the sixth hour when Pilate sat down on the
judgment-seat, in a place that is called the Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha ...
/.../augustine/the harmony of the gospels/chapter xiii of the hour of.htm

Jesus Sentenced
... therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment
seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. ...
/.../expositions of holy scripture st john chaps xv to xxi/jesus sentenced.htm

And when Pilate Heard this Saying, He Took Jesus Out...
... Pilate heard this saying, he took Jesus out, and sat on the tribune in the place
which was called the pavement of stones, but in the Hebrew [2] called Gabbatha ...
/.../hogg/the diatessaron of tatian/section li and when pilate.htm

The Fear Felt by the Inhabitants of Jerusalem.
... Herod's palace. Pilate turned away his head when he passed Gabbatha, from
whence he had condemned Jesus to be crucified. The square ...
/.../the dolorous passion of our lord jesus christ/chapter xliv the fear felt.htm

Description of Pilate's Palace and the Adjacent Buildings.
... Upon the forum itself, opposite this building, was a platform filled with seats
made of stone; and from this platform, which was called Gabbatha, Pilate was ...
/.../chapter xvi description of pilates.htm

Pant├Žnus, the Alexandrian Philosopher.
... His mind discovered that true philosophy is found, not in the Porch, but in Nazareth,
in Gethsemane, in Gabbatha, in Golgotha; and he set himself to make it ...
/.../unknown/the decretals/pantaenus the alexandrian philosopher.htm

The Trial Before Pilate Resumed.
... When Pilate therefore heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the
judgment-seat at a place called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha. ...
// life/the trial before pilate resumed.htm

Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

high; elevated

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(elevated; a platform) the Hebrew or Chaldee appellation of a place, also called "Pavement," where the judgment-seat or bema was planted, from his place on which Pilate delivered our Lord to death. (John 19:13) It was a tessellated platform outside the praetorium, on the western hill of Jerusalem, for Pilate brought Jesus forth from thence to it.

ATS Bible Dictionary

An elevated place, the name of a place in front of Pilate's palace, whence he pronounced sentence against our Savior, John 19:13. In Greek it was called the pavement. It was not the usual judgment hall, which the Jews could not then enter, but some palace in the vicinity of the crowd without, John 18:28; 19:4,9,13. It appears to have been a checkered marble pavement, or mosaic floor, on which his seat of judgment was erected. Such ornamented pavements had become common at that day among the wealthy Romans.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Gab Baitha, i.e., "the ridge of the house" = "the temple-mound," on a part of which the fortress of Antonia was built. This "temple-mound" was covered with a tesselated "pavement" (Gr. lithostroton, i.e., "stone-paved"). A judgement-seat (bema) was placed on this "pavement" outside the hall of the "praetorium" (q.v.), the judgment-hall (John 18:28; 19:13).
Gabbatha (1 Occurrence)
... 13). Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. GABBATHA. gab ... ft. x 3 1/2 ft. and 2
ft. thick, near the "Ecce Homo Arch," as the Gabbatha. This ...
/g/gabbatha.htm - 8k

Pavement (9 Occurrences)
... It was probably a place thus prepared in front of the "judgment hall." (see GABBATHA.). ...
Its Hebrew (Aramaic) equivalent is declared to be GABBATHA (which see). ...
/p/pavement.htm - 11k

Gab'batha (1 Occurrence)
Gab'batha. Gabbatha, Gab'batha. Gabbe . Multi-Version Concordance Gab'batha
(1 Occurrence). ... Gabbatha, Gab'batha. Gabbe . Reference Bible.
/g/gab'batha.htm - 6k

Seat (256 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. JUDGMENT SEAT. (bema, "a raised place," "platform,"
"tribune," Matthew 27:19 John 19:13; see GABBATHA; Acts 12:21 margin (text ...
/s/seat.htm - 41k

Judgment (430 Occurrences)
... In this case it was placed on a tesselated pavement, probably in front of the
procurator's residence. (see GABBATHA.). Noah Webster's Dictionary. ...
/j/judgment.htm - 52k

Judgment-seat (10 Occurrences)
... 19:13 When Pilate therefore heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat down
on the judgment-seat at a place called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha. ...
/j/judgment-seat.htm - 9k

Judge's (8 Occurrences)
... (BBE NIV). John 19:13 On hearing this, Pilate brought Jesus out, and sat down on
the judge's seat in a place called the Pavement--or in Hebrew, Gabbatha. ...
/j/judge's.htm - 8k

Gabba'i (1 Occurrence)
Gabba'i. Gabbai, Gabba'i. Gabbatha . Multi-Version Concordance Gabba'i (1
Occurrence). ... (See RSV). Gabbai, Gabba'i. Gabbatha . Reference Bible.
/g/gabba'i.htm - 6k

Floor (69 Occurrences)
... John 19:13 So when these words came to Pilate's ear, he took Jesus out, seating
himself in the judge's seat in a place named in Hebrew, Gabbatha, or the Stone ...
/f/floor.htm - 32k

Tribunal (11 Occurrences)
... therefore, having heard this word, brought Jesus without -- and he sat down upon
the tribunal -- to a place called, 'Pavement,' and in Hebrew, Gabbatha; (YLT). ...
/t/tribunal.htm - 10k

Bible Concordance
Gabbatha (1 Occurrence)

John 19:13 When Pilate therefore heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called "The Pavement," but in Hebrew, "Gabbatha."



Gabbatha: A Place for Judgment in Jerusalem, where Pilate Passed Sentence on Jesus

Related Terms

Pavement (9 Occurrences)

Gab'batha (1 Occurrence)

Seat (256 Occurrences)

Judgment (430 Occurrences)

Judgment-seat (10 Occurrences)

Judge's (8 Occurrences)

Gabba'i (1 Occurrence)

Floor (69 Occurrences)

Tribunal (11 Occurrences)

Medeba (5 Occurrences)

Pilate's (4 Occurrences)

Praetorium (8 Occurrences)

Seating (10 Occurrences)

Led (260 Occurrences)

Named (428 Occurrences)

Sat (222 Occurrences)

Pilate (60 Occurrences)

Pontius (4 Occurrences)

Ear (670 Occurrences)

Aramaic (12 Occurrences)

Stone (290 Occurrences)

Hebrew (37 Occurrences)

Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus
Top of Page
Top of Page