Psalm 108:8
Gilead is mine; Manasseh is mine; Ephraim also is the strength of my head; Judah is my lawgiver;
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
108:1-13 We may usefully select passages from different psalms, as here, Ps 57; 60, to help our devotions, and enliven our gratitude. When the heart is firm in faith and love, the tongue, being employed in grateful praises, is our glory. Every gift of the Lord honours and profits the possessor, as it is employed in God's service and to his glory. Believers may pray with assured faith and hope, for all the blessings of salvation; which are secured to them by the faithful promise and covenant of God. Then let them expect from him help in every trouble, and victory in every conflict. Whatever we do, whatever we gain, God must have all the glory. Lord, visit all our souls with this salvation, with this favour which thou bearest to thy chosen people.Gilead is mine ... - This is taken from Psalm 60:7. The only change is the omission of the word and before "Manasseh." PSALM 108

Ps 108:1-13. This Psalm is composed of Ps 108:1-5 of Ps 57:7-11; and Ps 108:6-12 of Ps 60:5-12. The varieties are verbal and trivial, except that in Ps 108:9, "over Philistia will I triumph," differs from Ps 60:8, the interpretation of which it confirms. Its altogether triumphant tone may intimate that it was prepared by David, omitting the plaintive portions of the other Psalms, as commemorative of God's favor in the victories of His people.

No text from Poole on this verse. That thy beloved may be delivered,.... From hence to the end of the psalm the words are taken out of Psalm 60:5. See Gill on Psalm 60:5. Gilead is mine; Manasseh is mine; Ephraim also is the strength of mine head; Judah is my lawgiver;
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
8. Gilead and Manasseh, i.e. the land of Bashan in which half the tribe of Manasseh settled, stand for the territory east of the Jordan and the tribes settled there: Ephraim and Judah stand for the tribes west of the Jordan. God claims all as His own: therefore all can claim God’s protection.

Ephraim &c.] Render with R.V.,

Ephraim also is the defence of mine head;

Judah is my sceptre.

Ephraim, as the most powerful tribe and the chief defence of the nation, is compared to the warrior’s helmet: Judah, as the tribe to which belonged the Davidic sovereignty, is compared to the royal sceptre, or, as the same word is rendered in R.V. of Genesis 49:10, to which the present passage alludes, ‘the ruler’s staff.’This first half is taken from Psalm 57:8-12. The repetition of confident is my heart in Psalm 57:1-11 is here omitted; and in place of it the "my glory" of the exclamation, awake my glory, is taken up to "I will sing and will harp" as a more minute definition of the subject (vid., on Psalm 3:5): He will do it, yea,his soul with all its godlike powers shall do it. Jahve in Psalm 108:4 is transformed out of the Adonaj; and Waw copul. is inserted both before Psalm 108:4 and Psalm 108:6, contrary to Psalm 57:1-11. מעל, Psalm 108:5 (as in Esther 3:1), would be a pleasing change for עד if Psalm 108:5 followed Psalm 108:5 and the definition of magnitude did not retrograde instead of heightening. Moreover Psalm 36:6; Jeremiah 51:9 (cf. על in Psalm 113:4; Psalm 148:13) favour עד in opposition to מעל.
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